Diagnostic Ultrasound Imaging: Inside Out - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780126801453, 9780080491134

Diagnostic Ultrasound Imaging: Inside Out

1st Edition

Authors: Thomas Szabo Thomas Szabo
eBook ISBN: 9780080491134
Hardcover ISBN: 9780126801453
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 7th September 2004
Page Count: 576
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Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
    Introduction
    Echo Ranging of the Body
    Ultrasound Portrait Photographers
    Ultrasound Cinematographers
    Modern Ultrasound Imaging Developments
    Enabling Technologies for Ultrasounds Imaging
    Ultrasound Imaging Safety
    Ultrasound and Other Diagnostic Imaging Modalities
    Conclusion
    Bibliography
    References
    2. Overview
    Introduction
    Fourier Transform
    Building Blocks
    Central Diagram
    References
    3. Acoustic Wave Propagation
    Introduction to Waves
    Plane Waves in Liquids and Solids
    Elastic Waves in Solids
    Conclusion
    Bibliography
    References
    4. Attenuation
    Losses in Tissues
    Losses in Both Frequency and Time Domains
    Tissue Models
    Pulses in Lossy Media
    Penetration and Time Gain Compensation
    Hooke’s Law for Viscoelastic Media
    Wave Equations for Tissues
    Referenes
    5. Transducers
    Introduction to Transducers
    Resonant Modes of Transducers
    Equivalent Circuit Transducer Model
    Transducer Design Considerations
    Transducer Pulses
    Equations for Piezoelectric Media
    Piezoelectric Materials
    Comparison of Piezoelectric Materials
    Transducer Advanced Topics
    Bibliography
    References
    6. Beamforming
    What is Diffraction?
    Fresnel Approximation of Spatial Diffraction Integral
    Rectangular Aperture
    Apodization
    Circular Apertures
    Focusing
    Angular Spectrum of Waves
    Diffraction Loss
    Limited Diffraction Beam
    Bibliography
    References
    7. Array Beamforming
    Why Arrays?
    Diffraction in the Time Domain
    Circular Radiators in the Time Domain
    Arrays
    Pulse-Echo Beamforming
    Two-Dimensional Arrays
    Baffled
    General Approaches
    Nonideal Array Performance
    Bibliography
    References
    8. Wave Scattering and Imaging
    Introduction
    Scattering of Objects
    Role of Transducer Diffraction and Focusing
    Role of Imaging
    Bibliography
    References
    9. Scattering From Tissue and Tissue Characterization
    Introduction
    Scattering from Tissues
    Properties of and Propagation in Heterogeneous Tissue
    Array Processing of Scattered Pulse-Echo Signals
    Tissue Characterization Methods
    Applications of Tissue Characterization
    Elastography
    Aberration Correction
    Wave Equations for Tissue
    Bibliography
    References
    10. Imaging Systems and Applications
    Introduction
    Trends in Imaging Systems
    Major Controls
    Block Diagram
    Major Modes
    Clinical Applications
    Transducers and Image Formats
    Front End
    Scanner
    Back End
    Advanced Signal Processing
    Alternate Imaging System Architectures
    Bibliography
    References
    11. Doppler Models
    Introduction
    The Doppler Effect
    Scattering from Flowing Blood in Vessels
    Continuous Wave Doppler
    Pulsed Wave Doppler
    Comparison of Pulsed and Continuous Wave Doppler
    Ultrasound Color Flow Imaging
    Non-Doppler Visualization of Blood Flow
    Conclusion
    Bibliography
    References
    12. Nonlinear Acoustics and Imaging
    Introduction
    What is Nonlinear Propagation?
    Propagation in a Nonlinear Medium with Losses
    Propagation of Beams in Nonlinear Media
    Harmonic Imaging
    Harmonic Signal Processing
    Other Nonlinear Effects
    Nonlinear Wave Equations and Simulation Models
    Summary
    Bibliography
    References
    13. Ultrasonic Exposimetry and Acoustic Measurements
    Introduction to Measurements
    Materials Characterization
    Transducers
    Acoustic Output Measurements
    Performance Measurements
    Thought Experiments
    Bibliography
    References
    14. Ultrasound Contrast Agents
    Introduction
    Microbubble as Linear Resonator
    Microbubble as Nonlinear Resonator
    Cavitation and Bubble Destruction
    Ultrasound Contrast Agents
    Imaging with Ultrasound Contrast Agents
    Therapeutic Ultrasound Contrast Agents: Smart Bubbles
    Equations of Motion for Contrast Agents
    Conclusions
    Bibliography
    References
    15. Ultrasound-Induced Bioeffects
    Introduction
    Ultrasound-Induced Bioeffects: Observation to Regulation
    Thermal Effects
    Mechanical Effects
    The Output Display Standard
    Comparison of Medical Ultrasound Modalities
    Primary and Secondary Ultrasound-Induced Bioeffects
    Equations for Predicting Temperature Rise
    Conclusions
    Bibliography
    References
    Appendix A
    Appendix B
    Appendix C
    Appendix D
    Index

Description

Diagnostic Ultrasound Imaging provides a comprehensive introduction to and a state-of-the-art review of the essential science and signal processing principles of diagnostic ultrasound. The progressive organization of the material serves beginners in medical ultrasound science and graduate students as well as design engineers, medical physicists, researchers, clinical collaborators, and the curious.

This it the most comprehensive and extensive work available on the core science and workings of advanced digital imaging systems, exploring the subject in a unified, consistent and interrelated manner. From its antecedents to the modern day use and prospects for the future, this it the most up-to-date text on the subject.

Diagnostic Ultrasound Imaging provides in-depth overviews on the following major aspects of diagnostic ultrasound: absorption in tissues; acoustical and electrical measurements; beamforming, focusing, and imaging; bioeffects and ultrasound safety; digital imaging systems and terminology; Doppler and Doppler imaging; nonlinear propagation, beams and harmonic imaging; scattering and propagation through realistic tissues; and tissue characterization.

Key Features

  • Based on the author's over thirty-five years of experience in developing laboratory methodology and standards and conducting research in ultrasound.
  • Conveys the fundamentals of diagnostic ultrasound as well as state-of-the-art reviews of major topics from a historical perspective. Matlab MATLAB problems and examples included.
  • MATLAB problems and examples included

Readership

Suitable as a graduate level text for engineering or science students or as a reference for the practicing engineer, scientist or physician engaged in ultrasound research or development


Details

No. of pages:
576
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2004
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780080491134
Hardcover ISBN:
9780126801453

Reviews

“You might think: “Yet another book covering a well-known medical topic?” - yes, that is right but it is written from a technical insider in a way that helps to understand the essential physics and signal processing techniques behind modern imaging systems as well as the processing of the resulting echo information step-by-step. Some of the 15 chapters are dedicated to one special part or "inside" of a diagnostic imaging system: Various transducer construction and system technology or beamforming methods. These different topics are explained on a level that is suitable both for newcomers and for experienced readers. Basic equations and underlying concepts are given to understand the function of the latest commercial products used in medical applications. A reference list citing fundamental publications is added to each chapter. But how does ultrasound interact with tissue or blood and what about nonlinear aspects during propagation? The book also gives detailed and enhanced answers, explains well-known models concerning bioeffects, scattering or non-linear effects caused by contrast agents within the remaining chapters - always having modern applications and examples in mind. The author is successful to span the descriptive bridge between the technology implemented “inside” a modern ultrasonic imaging system for emitting and for processing the information that is coming back from “outside” after interacting with the human body. Theory and reality is combined in a comprehensive, illustrative and practical manner to enjoy the reading and learning of diagnostic ultrasound imaging.” — Christian Kollmann, Vienna, European Journal of Ultrasound “This book is well suited to MATLAB, a high-level programming language, including demonstrations of figures and examples with MATLAB programming lines. Accompanying program sets, solutions, and programs can be found on the Elsevier web site. In addition, a review of Fourier transforms is included with step-by-step worked out examples. This book is recommended for universities offering graduate programs in diagnostic ultrasound imaging, engineering, and medical physics. It fills the need for an advanced scientific text of diagnostic ultrasound research.” — Martha F. Earl, Reference Coordinator, University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine, Preston Medical Library


About the Authors

Thomas Szabo Author

Professor Szabo has contributed to the fundamental understanding and design of surface acoustic wave signal processing devices, to novel means of transduction and measurement for nondestructive evaluation using ultrasound, to seismic signal processing applied to acoustic imaging, and to the research and development of state-of-the-art diagnostic ultrasound imaging systems. He has published over seventy papers in these areas. His current interests in ultrasound are overcoming present limitations in imaging the body and finding new ways of extracting noninvasively diagnostically useful information about tissue structure, health and function. His research includes the following methods: digital beamforming, signal processing, miniature transducer arrays, nonlinear acoustic propagation, ultrasound-induced bioeffects, broadband measurement techniques, simulation and measurement of wave propagation in inhomogeneous media and scanning acoustic microscopy. Dr. Szabo is a Fellow of the Acoustical Society of America and of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, a Senior Life Member of the IEEE, a convenor and U. S. delegate to the International Electrotechnical Commission, and a winner of a best paper award in the IEEE UFFC/SU Transactions.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Professor, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, MA, USA

Thomas Szabo Author

Professor Szabo has contributed to the fundamental understanding and design of surface acoustic wave signal processing devices, to novel means of transduction and measurement for nondestructive evaluation using ultrasound, to seismic signal processing applied to acoustic imaging, and to the research and development of state-of-the-art diagnostic ultrasound imaging systems. He has published over seventy papers in these areas. His current interests in ultrasound are overcoming present limitations in imaging the body and finding new ways of extracting noninvasively diagnostically useful information about tissue structure, health and function. His research includes the following methods: digital beamforming, signal processing, miniature transducer arrays, nonlinear acoustic propagation, ultrasound-induced bioeffects, broadband measurement techniques, simulation and measurement of wave propagation in inhomogeneous media and scanning acoustic microscopy. Dr. Szabo is a Fellow of the Acoustical Society of America and of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, a Senior Life Member of the IEEE, a convenor and U. S. delegate to the International Electrotechnical Commission, and a winner of a best paper award in the IEEE UFFC/SU Transactions.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Professor, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, MA, USA