Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 7 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780323313032, 9780323311458

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 7

1st Edition

Cleanliness Validation and Verification

Editors: Rajiv Kohli Kashmiri L. Mittal
eBook ISBN: 9780323311458
Hardcover ISBN: 9780323313032
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 18th November 2014
Page Count: 206
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Description

As device sizes in the semiconductor industries are shrinking, they become more vulnerable to smaller contaminant particles, and most conventional cleaning techniques employed in the industry are not as effective at smaller scales.
The book series Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning as a whole provides an excellent source of information on these alternative cleaning techniques as well as methods for characterization and validation of surface contamination. Each volume has a particular topical focus, covering the key techniques and recent developments in the area.
The chapters in this Volume address the sources of surface contaminants and various methods for their collection and characterization, as well as methods for cleanliness validation. Regulatory aspects of cleaning are also covered. The collection of topics in this book is unique and complements other volumes in this series.
Edited by the leading experts in small-scale particle surface contamination, cleaning and cleaning control, these books will be an invaluable reference for researchers and engineers in R&D, manufacturing, quality control and procurement specification situated in a multitude of industries such as: aerospace, automotive, biomedical, defense, energy, manufacturing, microelectronics, optics and xerography. 

Key Features

  • Provides a state-of-the-art survey and best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination
  • Addresses the continuing trends of shrinking device size and contamination vulnerability in a range of industries, spearheaded by the semiconductor industry and others
  • Includes new regulatory aspects

Readership

Researchers and Engineers in R&D, manufacturing, quality control and procurement specification situated in a multitude of industries such as: aerospace, automotive, biomedical, defense, energy, manufacturing, microelectronics, optics and xerography; academic researchers.

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • About the Editors
  • Chapter 1: Sources and Generation of Surface Contaminants and Their Impact
    • Abstract
    • Acknowledgments
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Surface Cleanliness Levels
    • 3 Sources and Generation of Contaminants
    • 4 Impact of Contaminants
    • 5 Summary and Conclusions
    • Disclaimer
  • Chapter 2: Mid-IR Spectroscopy as a Tool for Cleanliness Validation
    • Abstract
    • 1 Background
    • 2 Principles of Grazing-Angle FTIR
    • 3 Description of the Method
    • 4 Advantages and Disadvantages
    • 5 Results and Applications
    • 6 Future Developments
    • 7 Summary
  • Chapter 3: Optically Stimulated Electron Emission: A Powerful Tool for Surface Cleanliness Monitoring
    • Abstract
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 OSEE Principle
    • 3 Photoemitting Materials
    • 4 Applications of OSEE
    • 5 Summary
  • Chapter 4: Methods for Verifying Medical Device Cleanliness
    • Abstract
    • 1 Background
    • 2 Cleaning Issues and Concerns with Medical Devices
    • 3 Extraction Techniques
    • 4 Cleaning of Metal and Ceramic Components
    • 5 Device Compatibility—Types of Tests and Description
    • 6 Test Methods to Identify Contaminants in Extracts
    • 7 Setting Limits and Biological Safety Assessment
    • 8 Validation
    • 9 Sources of Contamination
    • 10 Cleanliness Standards, Nonviable Contamination
    • 11 Future Developments
    • 12 Conclusion
  • Chapter 5: Cleaning Validation and Its Regulatory Aspects in the Pharmaceutical Industry
    • Abstract
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Good Manufacturing Practice in API Manufacturing
    • 3 Establishing the Acceptance Limits
    • 4 Cleaning of Equipment
    • 5 Sampling Methods for Cleaning Validation
    • 6 Cleaning Method Specificity
    • 7 Solvents Used for Cleaning
    • 8 Cleaning Agents
    • 9 Analytical Methods
    • 10 Cleaning Development Phase
    • 11 Cleaning Validation Protocol
    • 12 Validation Report
    • 13 The FDA Cleaning Validation Guideline
    • 14 Effective Cleaning Validation Maintenance Program
    • 15 Summary
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
206
Language:
English
Copyright:
© William Andrew 2015
Published:
Imprint:
William Andrew
eBook ISBN:
9780323311458
Hardcover ISBN:
9780323313032

About the Editor

Rajiv Kohli

NASA Johnson Space Center -Rajiv Kohli is a leading expert in contaminant particle behaviour, surface cleaning and contamination control. At the NASA Johnson Space Center he has primary responsibility for contamination control related to spaceflight hardware for the Space Shuttle, the International Space Station, and the new Constellation Program (designed to meet the United States Vision for Space Exploration). He helped to develop solvent-based cleaning applications for the nuclear industry and an innovative microabrasive system for a wide variety of applications in the commercial sector. He co-authored Commercial Utilization of Space: An International Comparison of Framework Conditions, and has published over 200 technical papers. His other specialisms include precision cleaning, solution and surface chemistry, advance materials and chemical thermodynamics. In 2005, Dr. Kohli received the Public Service Medal, one of NASA’s highest awards, for contributions to the Space Shuttle Return to Flight project.

Affiliations and Expertise

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Houston, TX, USA

Kashmiri L. Mittal

Editor: ‘Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives’

was associated with IBM from 1972 to 1994. Currently, he is teaching and consulting in the areas of adhesion science and technology and in surface contamination and cleaning. He is the founding editor of the Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology and is editor of 85 books, many of them dealing with surface contamination and cleaning. In 2002, the Kash Mittal Award was inaugurated for his extensive efforts and significant contributions to the field of colloid and interface chemistry. Among his numerous awards, Dr. Mittal was awarded the title honoris causa by the Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lubin, Poland in 2003.

Affiliations and Expertise

Editor, Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives

Reviews

"This volume comprises five chapters, some covering a wide subject area, others very sharply focused…In Chapter 4, we return to a broader treatment – 'Methods for Verifying Medical Device Cleanliness'...This chapter is highly recommended for those involved in manufacture of medical devices..." --Galvanotechnik

Ratings and Reviews