Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 3 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781437778854, 9781437778861

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 3

1st Edition

Methods for Removal of Particle Contaminants

Authors: Rajiv Kohli Kashmiri L. Mittal
eBook ISBN: 9781437778861
Hardcover ISBN: 9781437778854
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 25th March 2011
Page Count: 258
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The contributions in this volume cover methods for removal of particle contaminants on surfaces. Several of these methods are well established and have been employed in industrial applications for a long time. However, the ever- higher demand for removal of smaller particles on newer substrate materials is driving continuous development of the established cleaning methods and alternative innovative methods for particle removal. This book provides information on the latest developments in this topic area.

Key Features

  • Comprehensive coverage of innovations in surface contamination and cleaning
  • Written by established experts in the contamination and cleaning field
  • Each chapter is a comprehensive review of the state of the art
  • Case studies included


As a whole, the series will create a unique and comprehensive knowledge base of crucial importance to those in research & development, manufacturing, quality control and procurement specification situated in a multitude of industries such as: aerospace, automotive, biomedical, defence, energy, manufacturing, microelectronics, optics and xerography. Researchers in an academic setting will also find these volumes excellent source books

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • About the Editors
  • Contributors
  • Chapter 1. Supersonic Nano-Particle Beam Technique for Removing Nano-Sized Contaminant Particles from Surfaces
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Theoretical Background
    • 3. Supersonic Nozzle Beam Technique
    • 4. Electrospray Technique
    • 5. Summary
  • Chapter 2. Megasonic Cleaning
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Cleaning Mechanism
    • 3. Theory of Megasonic Cleaning
    • 4. Surface Cleanliness Measurement
    • 5. Megasonic System Evaluation in the Laboratory and in Industry
    • 6. Industry Case Studies
    • 7. Concluding Remarks
  • Chapter 3. Laser Cleaning for Removal of Nano/Micro-Scale Particles and Film Contamination
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Dry Particle Removal Technique Requirements
    • 3. Laser Cleaning Techniques
    • 4. Future Directions in Laser Particle Removal Research
    • 5. Conclusions and Remarks
  • Chapter 4. Non-Aqueous Interior Surface Cleaning Using Projectiles
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Types of Contamination
    • 3. Effects of Contamination
    • 4. Fluid Cleanliness Levels
    • 5. Tube Cleaning Methods
    • 6. Non-Aqueous Projectile Cleaning Method
    • 7. Summary
  • Chapter 5. Electrostatic Removal of Particles and its Applications to Self-Cleaning Solar Panels and Solar Concentrators
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Solar Power Potential and the Global Energy Needs
    • 3. Atmospheric Dust and Its Deposition on Solar Panel
    • 4. Loss of PV Output Power Caused by Dust Deposition
    • 5. Electrostatic Charging of Dust Particles
    • 6. Dust Deposition Process: Effects of Size and Charge Distributions
    • 7. Transmission Loss Due to Atmospheric Dust
    • 8. Experimental Studies on Solar Panel Obscuration by Dust Deposition
    • 9. Effect of Microstructural Deposition Pattern: Particle Size, Shape, and Electrostatic Charge Distributions
    • 10. Removal of Dust From Solar Panels Using Low-Power Electrodynamic Screens
    • 11. Trajectories of Charged Particles on the Electrodynamic Screen
    • 12. Dielectrophoretic Force
    • 13. Tribocharging of Particles
    • 14. Removal of Uncharged Conducting Particles
    • 15. High-Voltage Three-Phase Power Supply for the Electrodynamic Screen
    • 16. Testing of the Electrodynamic Screen
    • 17. Measurement of Maximum Power Point Operation of the PV System With EDS
    • 18. Testing the Solar Panels Integrated With EDS for Maximum Power Point Operation
    • 19. Results
    • 20. Summary and Conclusions
  • Chapter 6. Alternate Semi-Aqueous Precision Cleaning Techniques: Steam Cleaning and Supersonic Gas/Liquid Cleaning Systems
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Precision Steam Cleaning
    • 3. Supersonic Gas-Liquid Cleaning
    • 4. Summary
  • Index


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© William Andrew 2011
William Andrew
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About the Author

Rajiv Kohli

Dr. Rajiv Kohli is a leading expert with The Aerospace Corporation in contaminant particle behavior, surface cleaning, and contamination control. At the NASA Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, he provides technical support for contamination control related to ground-based and manned spaceflight hardware, as well as for unmanned spacecraft. His technical interests are in particle behavior, precision cleaning, solution and surface chemistry, advanced materials and chemical thermodynamics. Dr. Kohli was involved in developing solvent-based cleaning applications for use in the nuclear industry and he also developed an innovative microabrasive system for a wide variety of precision cleaning and micro-processing applications in the commercial industry. He is the senior editor of this book series “Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning”; the first ten volumes in the series were published in 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 (Volumes 5 and 6), 2015 (Volumes 7 and 8), and 2017 (Volumes 9 and 10), respectively. The second edition of Volume 1 was published in 2016. Volume 11 and Volume 12 (this volume) are expected to be published in 2019. Previously, Dr. Kohli co-authored the book “Commercial Utilization of Space: An International Comparison of Framework Conditions”, and he has published more than 270 technical papers, articles and reports on precision cleaning, advanced materials, chemical thermodynamics, environmental degradation of materials, and technical and economic assessment of emerging technologies. Dr. Kohli was recognized for his contributions to NASA’s Space Shuttle Return to Flight effort with the Public Service Medal, one of the agency’s highest awards.

Affiliations and Expertise

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Houston, TX, USA

Kashmiri L. Mittal

Editor: ‘Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives’

was associated with IBM from 1972 to 1994. Currently, he is teaching and consulting in the areas of adhesion science and technology and in surface contamination and cleaning. He is the founding editor of the Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology and is editor of 85 books, many of them dealing with surface contamination and cleaning. In 2002, the Kash Mittal Award was inaugurated for his extensive efforts and significant contributions to the field of colloid and interface chemistry. Among his numerous awards, Dr. Mittal was awarded the title honoris causa by the Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lubin, Poland in 2003.

Affiliations and Expertise

Editor, Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives

Ratings and Reviews