Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning

1st Edition

Fundamentals and Applied Aspects

Editors: Rajiv Kohli Kashmiri L. Mittal
Print ISBN: 9780815515555
eBook ISBN: 9780815516859
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 3rd December 2007
Page Count: 1200
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Surface contamination is of cardinal importance in a host of technologies and industries, ranging from microelectronics to optics to automotive to biomedical. Thus, the need to understand the causes of surface contamination and their removal is very patent. Generally speaking, there are two broad categories of surface contaminants: film-type and particulates. In the world of shrinking dimensions, such as the ever-decreasing size of microelectronic devices, there is an intensified need to understand the behavior of nanoscale particles and to devise ways to remove them to an acceptable level. Particles which were functionally innocuous a few years ago are "killer defects" today, with serious implications for yield and reliability of the components. This book addresses the sources, detection, characterization and removal of both kinds of contaminants, as well as ways to prevent surfaces from being contaminated. A number of techniques to monitor the level of cleanliness are also discussed. Special emphasis is placed on the behaviour of nanoscale particles. The book is amply referenced and profusely illustrated.


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© William Andrew 2008
William Andrew
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About the Editor

Rajiv Kohli

NASA Johnson Space Center -Rajiv Kohli is a leading expert in contaminant particle behaviour, surface cleaning and contamination control. At the NASA Johnson Space Center he has primary responsibility for contamination control related to spaceflight hardware for the Space Shuttle, the International Space Station, and the new Constellation Program (designed to meet the United States Vision for Space Exploration). He helped to develop solvent-based cleaning applications for the nuclear industry and an innovative microabrasive system for a wide variety of applications in the commercial sector. He co-authored Commercial Utilization of Space: An International Comparison of Framework Conditions, and has published over 200 technical papers. His other specialisms include precision cleaning, solution and surface chemistry, advance materials and chemical thermodynamics. In 2005, Dr. Kohli received the Public Service Medal, one of NASA’s highest awards, for contributions to the Space Shuttle Return to Flight project.

Affiliations and Expertise

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Houston, TX, USA

Kashmiri L. Mittal

Editor: ‘Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives’ was associated with IBM from 1972 to 1994. Currently, he is teaching and consulting in the areas of adhesion science and technology and in surface contamination and cleaning. He is the founding editor of the Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology and is editor of 85 books, many of them dealing with surface contamination and cleaning. In 2002, the Kash Mittal Award was inaugurated for his extensive efforts and significant contributions to the field of colloid and interface chemistry. Among his numerous awards, Dr. Mittal was awarded the title honoris causa by the Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lubin, Poland in 2003.

Affiliations and Expertise

Editor, Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives