Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 4 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781437778830, 9781437778847

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 4

1st Edition

Detection, Characterization, and Analysis of Contaminants

Authors: Rajiv Kohli Kashmiri L. Mittal
eBook ISBN: 9781437778847
Hardcover ISBN: 9781437778830
Paperback ISBN: 9780128103685
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 24th October 2011
Page Count: 352
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In this series Rajiv Kohli and Kash Mittal have brought together the work of experts from different industry sectors and backgrounds to provide a state-of-the-art survey and best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination.

The expert contributions in this volume cover important fundamental aspects of surface contamination that are key to understanding the behavior of specific types of contaminants. This understanding is essential to develop preventative and mitigation methods for contamination control. The coverage complements the treatment of surface contamination in vol.1, Fundamental and Applied Aspects. This volume covers: Sources and Generation of Particles; Manipulation Techniques for Particles on Surfaces; Particle Deposition and Rebound; Particle Behavior in Liquid Systems; Biological and Metallic Contamination; and includes a comprehensive list of current standards and resources.

Key Features

  • Comprehensive coverage of innovations in surface contamination and cleaning
  • Written by established experts in the contamination and cleaning field
  • Each chapter is a comprehensive review of the state of the art
  • Case studies included


Engineers and scientists involved in research and development, manufacturing, process and quality control, and procurement specifications across sectors including microelectronics, aerospace, optics, xerography and joining (adhesive bonding)

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • About the Editors
  • Contributors
  • Chapter 1. Basics and Sampling of Particles for Size Analysis and Identification
    • 1. Introduction and basics
    • 2. Sampling
    • 3. Solvents and solubility parameters
    • 4. Cleanroom airflows and their consideration in contamination sampling
    • 5. Summary
  • Chapter 2. Computational Fluid Dynamics of Particle Transport and Deposition
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Formulation
    • 3. Applications
    • 4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 3. Methods for Monitoring and Measuring Cleanliness of Surfaces
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Types of Contaminants
    • 3. Product Cleanliness Levels
    • 4. Methods for Monitoring Surface Cleanliness
    • 5. Summary
  • Chapter 4. Size Analysis and Identification of Particles
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Particle Identification
    • 3. Summary
  • Chapter 5. Developments in Imaging and Analysis Techniques for Micro- and Nanosize Particles and Surface Features
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Impact of Contaminants
    • 3. Nature and Size of Particles
    • 4. Recent Developments in Characterization Techniques
    • 5. Miscellaneous Innovative Applications of Characterization Methods
    • 6. Summary
  • Chapter 6. Atomic Force Microscopy for Characterization of Surfaces, Particles, and Their Interactions
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. AFM – Modes of Operation
    • 3. Adhesion Forces
    • 4. Application of AFM
    • 5. Summary
  • Index


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© William Andrew 2012
William Andrew
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About the Author

Rajiv Kohli

NASA Johnson Space Center -Rajiv Kohli is a leading expert in contaminant particle behaviour, surface cleaning and contamination control. At the NASA Johnson Space Center he has primary responsibility for contamination control related to spaceflight hardware for the Space Shuttle, the International Space Station, and the new Constellation Program (designed to meet the United States Vision for Space Exploration). He helped to develop solvent-based cleaning applications for the nuclear industry and an innovative microabrasive system for a wide variety of applications in the commercial sector. He co-authored Commercial Utilization of Space: An International Comparison of Framework Conditions, and has published over 200 technical papers. His other specialisms include precision cleaning, solution and surface chemistry, advance materials and chemical thermodynamics. In 2005, Dr. Kohli received the Public Service Medal, one of NASA’s highest awards, for contributions to the Space Shuttle Return to Flight project.

Affiliations and Expertise

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Houston, TX, USA

Kashmiri L. Mittal

Editor: ‘Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives’

was associated with IBM from 1972 to 1994. Currently, he is teaching and consulting in the areas of adhesion science and technology and in surface contamination and cleaning. He is the founding editor of the Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology and is editor of 85 books, many of them dealing with surface contamination and cleaning. In 2002, the Kash Mittal Award was inaugurated for his extensive efforts and significant contributions to the field of colloid and interface chemistry. Among his numerous awards, Dr. Mittal was awarded the title honoris causa by the Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lubin, Poland in 2003.

Affiliations and Expertise

Editor, Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives


"...we are offered a really excellent overview, mainly in the context of cleanroom settings, including sources of particulate contamination." --Galvanotechnik

Ratings and Reviews