Development Neuropsychobiology

Development Neuropsychobiology

1st Edition - May 21, 1986

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  • Editor: William Greenough
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323147842

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Description

Developmental NeuroPsychobiology reviews a variety of topics related to developmental neuropsychobiology, a discipline that encompasses developmental neuroscience and developmental psychobiology. This book discusses embryonic mechanisms and embryogenesis as well as sexual differentiation of the brain, synaptic plasticity, and parent-offspring relationships. The development of olfactory control over behavior is also discussed. This book is comprised of 16 chapters and begins with an analysis of intrinsic mechanisms, including those underlying expression of pattern information at the cellular level and pattern formation in the vertebrate visual system. The next chapters also deal with pattern, but at a higher order, focusing upon the implications of the establishment of systems and how the sequences whereby these systems become established are manifested in the development of behavior. The morphogenetic role of neurotransmitters in embryonic development is also considered, along with structural and functional sexual dimorphisms in the brain and how steroid hormones alter brain organization. The final chapter evaluates previous models of the forces driving parent-offspring relations and offers an alternative view in which both infant-infant interactions and offspring-parent interactions result in mutually beneficial outcomes. This monograph is intended for advanced workers in the biological and/or psychological sciences.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    1. Embryonic Mechanisms

    I. Pattern Formation

    II. The Limb as a Model System

    III. Peripheral Innervation

    References

    2. Regulation of Nerve Fiber Elongation during Embryogenesis

    I. Introduction

    II. Neurite Formation In Vitro

    III. Regulation of the Route of Neurite Growth In Vitro

    IV. Regulation of the Route of Nerve Fiber Elongation In Vivo

    V. Is Regulation of Nerve Fiber Growth Related to Synaptogenesis

    VI. Summary

    References

    3. Pathways and Changing Connections in the Developing Insect Nervous System

    I. Introduction

    II. Embryogenesis: Foundations for Neurogenesis

    III. Postembryonic Development: Remodeling en Route

    IV. Ectopic Sensilla: An Experimental Approach to Path-finding in the Nervous System

    V. Conclusions

    References

    4. The Normal and Abnormal Development of the Mammalian Visual System

    I. Introduction

    II. Patterns of Organization

    III. Normal Development

    IV. Variants of Normal Development

    V. Discussion

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    5. Do Neurotransmitters, Neurohumors, and Hormones Specify Critical Periods

    I. An Hierarchical Model for the Specification of Critical Periods

    II. Neurotransmitters and Neurohumors as Develomental Signals

    III. Hormones as Temporal Regulators of Postnatal Neurogenesis

    IV. Hormonal-Humoral Interactions

    V. Drugs, Stress, and Other Environmental Influences on the Humoral and Hormonal Milieu of the Developing Nervous System: Implications for Their Teratogenic Effects

    VI. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    6. Sexual Differentiation of the Brain

    I. Introduction

    II. Possible Mechanisms of Steroid Action

    III. Sexual Dimorphism of Brain Structure

    IV. The Possible Role of α-Fetoprotein

    V. The Possible Importance of Estrogen Per Se

    VI. An Experimental Approach to the Problem

    VII. How Might Hormones Change Growth Patterns and Neuronal Circuits

    VIII. Hormonal Effects: Direct or Indirect

    IX. In Vitro Veritas

    References

    7. Behavioral Neuroembryology: Motor Perspectives

    I. Introduction

    II. History

    III. Embryology of Behavior and Its Neural Correlates

    IV. Development of Specific Motor Patterns

    V. Tissue Culture Approaches to Neurobehavioral Problems

    VI.Conclusions and Future Priorities

    References

    8. Ontogeny of the Encephalization Process

    I. Behavioral Development

    II. Encephalization of the Spinal Motor System

    III. The Encephalization Process

    IV. Interference with Encephalization

    References

    9. Neuronal Activity as a Shaping Factor in Postnatal Development of Visual Cortex

    I. Introduction

    II. Experience Effects on Binocularity

    III. Evidence for a Central Control of Experience-Dependent Modifications

    IV. A Voltage-Dependent Threshold for Hebbian Modifications

    V. The Chemical Nature of Permissive Gating Signals

    VI. Implications for Normal Development

    VII. Concluding Remarks

    References

    10 Experience and Development in the Visual System: Anatomical Studies

    I. Introduction

    II. Normal Development

    III. Effects of Visual Deprivation on Development

    IV. Binocularly Competitive and Noncompetitive Mechanisms

    V. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    11. Experience and Visual Development: Behavioral Evidence

    I. Introduction: General Perspectives and Methodology

    II. Specific Visual Capacities and Sensory Experience

    III. Concluding Observations

    References

    12. Neural Correlates of Development and Plasticity in the Auditory, Somatosensory, and Olfactory Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. The Auditory System

    III. The Somatosensory System

    IV. The Olfactory System

    V. Dimensions of Plasticity

    VI. Implications for Behavior

    References

    13. What's Special about Development? Thoughts on the Bases of Experience-Sensitive Synaptic Plasticity

    I. Introduction

    II. Overproduction of Synapses and Expected Information

    III. Synaptogenesis and Unexpected Information

    IV. Mechanisms of Synapse Pattern Change in Later Development and Adulthood

    V. Conclusions

    References

    14. Sex Differences in Developmental Plasticity of Behavior and the Brain

    I. Introduction: Human Development

    II. Sex Differences in Animals in Response to the Environment

    III. Implications for Human Sex Differences

    References

    15. The Development of Olfactory Control over Behavior

    I. Introduction

    II. Orientation

    III. Contact Behavior (Huddling)

    IV. Suckling

    V. Olfactory Conditioning outside the Nest

    VI. Neural Development of the Olfactory System

    VII. A Model for Olfactory Modification of Behavior during Ontogeny

    VIII. Conclusions and Future Directions

    References

    16. New Views of Parent-Offspring Relationships

    I. Introduction

    II. Some Seminal Concepts: Antecedents to New Views

    III. Concepts of Infancy and Development

    IV. Models of Parent-Offspring Relationships

    V. Form and Functions of Parent-Offspring Relationships

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 506
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1986
  • Published: May 21, 1986
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323147842

About the Editor

William Greenough

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