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Development Neuropsychobiology  - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123002709, 9780323147842

Development Neuropsychobiology

1st Edition

Editor: William Greenough
eBook ISBN: 9780323147842
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 21st May 1986
Page Count: 506
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Developmental NeuroPsychobiology reviews a variety of topics related to developmental neuropsychobiology, a discipline that encompasses developmental neuroscience and developmental psychobiology. This book discusses embryonic mechanisms and embryogenesis as well as sexual differentiation of the brain, synaptic plasticity, and parent-offspring relationships. The development of olfactory control over behavior is also discussed. This book is comprised of 16 chapters and begins with an analysis of intrinsic mechanisms, including those underlying expression of pattern information at the cellular level and pattern formation in the vertebrate visual system. The next chapters also deal with pattern, but at a higher order, focusing upon the implications of the establishment of systems and how the sequences whereby these systems become established are manifested in the development of behavior. The morphogenetic role of neurotransmitters in embryonic development is also considered, along with structural and functional sexual dimorphisms in the brain and how steroid hormones alter brain organization. The final chapter evaluates previous models of the forces driving parent-offspring relations and offers an alternative view in which both infant-infant interactions and offspring-parent interactions result in mutually beneficial outcomes. This monograph is intended for advanced workers in the biological and/or psychological sciences.

Table of Contents



1. Embryonic Mechanisms

I. Pattern Formation

II. The Limb as a Model System

III. Peripheral Innervation


2. Regulation of Nerve Fiber Elongation during Embryogenesis

I. Introduction

II. Neurite Formation In Vitro

III. Regulation of the Route of Neurite Growth In Vitro

IV. Regulation of the Route of Nerve Fiber Elongation In Vivo

V. Is Regulation of Nerve Fiber Growth Related to Synaptogenesis

VI. Summary


3. Pathways and Changing Connections in the Developing Insect Nervous System

I. Introduction

II. Embryogenesis: Foundations for Neurogenesis

III. Postembryonic Development: Remodeling en Route

IV. Ectopic Sensilla: An Experimental Approach to Path-finding in the Nervous System

V. Conclusions


4. The Normal and Abnormal Development of the Mammalian Visual System

I. Introduction

II. Patterns of Organization

III. Normal Development

IV. Variants of Normal Development

V. Discussion

VI. Conclusions


5. Do Neurotransmitters, Neurohumors, and Hormones Specify Critical Periods

I. An Hierarchical Model for the Specification of Critical Periods

II. Neurotransmitters and Neurohumors as Develomental Signals

III. Hormones as Temporal Regulators of Postnatal Neurogenesis

IV. Hormonal-Humoral Interactions

V. Drugs, Stress, and Other Environmental Influences on the Humoral and Hormonal Milieu of the Developing Nervous System: Implications for Their Teratogenic Effects

VI. Summary and Conclusions


6. Sexual Differentiation of the Brain

I. Introduction

II. Possible Mechanisms of Steroid Action

III. Sexual Dimorphism of Brain Structure

IV. The Possible Role of α-Fetoprotein

V. The Possible Importance of Estrogen Per Se

VI. An Experimental Approach to the Problem

VII. How Might Hormones Change Growth Patterns and Neuronal Circuits

VIII. Hormonal Effects: Direct or Indirect

IX. In Vitro Veritas


7. Behavioral Neuroembryology: Motor Perspectives

I. Introduction

II. History

III. Embryology of Behavior and Its Neural Correlates

IV. Development of Specific Motor Patterns

V. Tissue Culture Approaches to Neurobehavioral Problems

VI.Conclusions and Future Priorities


8. Ontogeny of the Encephalization Process

I. Behavioral Development

II. Encephalization of the Spinal Motor System

III. The Encephalization Process

IV. Interference with Encephalization


9. Neuronal Activity as a Shaping Factor in Postnatal Development of Visual Cortex

I. Introduction

II. Experience Effects on Binocularity

III. Evidence for a Central Control of Experience-Dependent Modifications

IV. A Voltage-Dependent Threshold for Hebbian Modifications

V. The Chemical Nature of Permissive Gating Signals

VI. Implications for Normal Development

VII. Concluding Remarks


10 Experience and Development in the Visual System: Anatomical Studies

I. Introduction

II. Normal Development

III. Effects of Visual Deprivation on Development

IV. Binocularly Competitive and Noncompetitive Mechanisms

V. Summary and Conclusions


11. Experience and Visual Development: Behavioral Evidence

I. Introduction: General Perspectives and Methodology

II. Specific Visual Capacities and Sensory Experience

III. Concluding Observations


12. Neural Correlates of Development and Plasticity in the Auditory, Somatosensory, and Olfactory Systems

I. Introduction

II. The Auditory System

III. The Somatosensory System

IV. The Olfactory System

V. Dimensions of Plasticity

VI. Implications for Behavior


13. What's Special about Development? Thoughts on the Bases of Experience-Sensitive Synaptic Plasticity

I. Introduction

II. Overproduction of Synapses and Expected Information

III. Synaptogenesis and Unexpected Information

IV. Mechanisms of Synapse Pattern Change in Later Development and Adulthood

V. Conclusions


14. Sex Differences in Developmental Plasticity of Behavior and the Brain

I. Introduction: Human Development

II. Sex Differences in Animals in Response to the Environment

III. Implications for Human Sex Differences


15. The Development of Olfactory Control over Behavior

I. Introduction

II. Orientation

III. Contact Behavior (Huddling)

IV. Suckling

V. Olfactory Conditioning outside the Nest

VI. Neural Development of the Olfactory System

VII. A Model for Olfactory Modification of Behavior during Ontogeny

VIII. Conclusions and Future Directions


16. New Views of Parent-Offspring Relationships

I. Introduction

II. Some Seminal Concepts: Antecedents to New Views

III. Concepts of Infancy and Development

IV. Models of Parent-Offspring Relationships

V. Form and Functions of Parent-Offspring Relationships




No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1986
21st May 1986
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

William Greenough

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