Development and Evolution of Brain Size - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123146502, 9780323151535

Development and Evolution of Brain Size

1st Edition

Behavioral Implications

Editors: Martine Hahn
eBook ISBN: 9780323151535
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1979
Page Count: 412
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Description

Development and Evolution of Brain Size: Behavioral Implications contains the proceedings of a symposium entitled ""Development and Evolution of Brain Size: Behavioral Implications,"" held at William Paterson College in Wayne, New Jersey, in April 1978. The papers explore the relationship between evolution and development and its implications for brain size and behavior.
This book is comprised of 18 chapters and begins with an overview of the brain-behavior relationship, with emphasis on the importance of brain size for behavior; the effects of genetic selection for brain size on brain substructures and behavior; and whether genetic and environmental manipulations of brain size have similar consequences. The next two chapters explain evolutionary theory and the evolution of the human brain as well as diversity in brain size. A general model for brain evolution that offers some synthetic possibilities for approaching the questions of brain evolution, size, allometry, and reorganization is then described. The correlation between cerebral indices and behavioral differences is also discussed, along with biochemical correlates of selective breeding for brain size. The results of an experiment that assessed the effects of early undernutrition on brain and behavior of developing mice are presented. This monograph should be of interest to students and practitioners in a wide range of disciplines, including evolutionary biology and clinical psychology.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

Acknowledgments

Chapter I Introduction: Toward Understanding the Brain-Behavior Relationship

What is the Importance of Brain Size for Behavior?

What are the Effects of Genetic Selection for Brain Size on Brain Substructures and Behavior?

Do Genetic and Environmental Manipulations of Brain Size Have Similar Behavioral Consequences?

Emphases and Omissions

References

Chapter II Evolutionary Theory and the Evolution of the Human Brain

Some Present Problems in Evolution

Human Evolution and the Evolution of the Human Brain

Conclusions

References

Chapter III The Evolution of Diversity in Brain Size

Above the Species Level

Diversity within Species

Multivariate Analysis

Summary and Conclusions

References

Chapter IV Brain Size, Allometry, and Reorganization: Toward a Synthesis

Scope and Purpose

Toward a Model

How Good are the Primate Data?

Some Preliminary Multivariate Analysis of the Stephan, Bouchot, and Andy (1970) Primate Data

Conclusion

References

Chapter V Cerebral Indices and Behavioral Differences

Intelligence: General Ability or Task Specific

Testing Various Hypotheses about Intelligence

Attempts of Comparative Psychology to Study between Species Differences

Removing Special Abilities from Performance Scores

Conclusion

References

Chapter VI Correlated Brain and Intelligence Development in Humans

General Features of Organ Development

Human Brain Growth

Animal Brain Growth

Manifestations of Brain Growth Stages in Properties Other Than Weight

Regionalization of Brain Growth Stages

The Functional Significance of the Brain Growth Stages

Two Examples of Brain-Behavior Stage Correlation in Animals

Summary

References

Chapter VII Genetic Techniques as Tools for Analysis of Brain-Behavior Relationships

Rationale for Using Genetic Techniques

The Genetic Tools

Comment

References

Chapter VIII Correlates of Mouse Brain Weight: A Search for Component Morphological Traits

Behavioral Correlates of Genetic Selection for Brain Weight

Volumes of Forebrain Regions in Mice Selected for Brain Weight

Relationships between Brain Regions in Other Mammalian Species

Relationships between Brain Regions in inbred Strains of Mice

Relationships between Brain Regions in Mice Genetically Selected for Brain Weight

Implications

References

Chapter IX Brain Weight Brain Chemical Content and Their Early Manipulation

Brain Weight: Correlations with Other Brain Parameters

Natural Cell Death during Early Brain Development

Variability of Brain Parameters

Genetic Manipulation of Brain Parameters

Early Environmental Manipulation of Brain Parameters

Summary and Conclusions

References

Chapter X Fuller BWS Lines: History and Results

Quantitative Aspects of Selection

Selection Differential

Brain Growth Patterns in BWS Lines

Body Weight and Fertility of BWS Mice

Behavioral Correlates

Intertrial Interval and Water Maze Learning

Audiogenic Seizure Susceptibility in BWS Mice

Summary

References

Chapter XI Learning Performances in Mice Genetically Selected for Brain Weight: Problems of Generality

Assessment Problems Posed by Genetics

Learning Performance in Lines Selected for Brain Weight

Line Differences

Brain-Behavior Correlations in Heterogeneous Stocks

Conclusions

References

Chapter XII Biochemical Correlates of Selective Breeding for Brain Size

Brain Weight Development

Biochemical Characteristics

Conclusions

References

Chapter XIII Fuller BWS Lines: Parental Influences on Brain Size and Behavioral Development

Models of Pathways from Selection to Behavior

Alternative Hypotheses

Effects of Fostering Procedures on Brain Weight and Behavioral Development

Summary and Conclusions

References

Chapter XIV Responsiveness of Brain Size to Individual Experience: Behavioral and Evolutionary Implications

Historical Background

Effects of Differential Experience on Brain Measures

Hypotheses to Account for Effects of Differential Experience on Brain

Possible Benefits of Structural Plasticity

References

Chapter XV Experience-Induced Changes in Brain Fine Structure: Their Behavioral Implications

Experience-Induced Changes of the Neuron Level

Relationships to Behavior

Differential Rearing and the Hippocampus

Environmental Influence on Primate Cerebellum

Conclusions

References

Chapter XVI Effects of Early Undernutrition on Brain and Behavior of Developing Mice

Undernutrition and Development of Inhibitory Capacities

Conclusions

References

Chapter XVII Genetic Correlations between Brain Size and Some Behaviors of Housemice

Strategies for Studying Genetic Correlations in Laboratory Animals

The Representative Design Approach to Animal Research

A Study of Gene-Environment Interaction and Genetic Correlations

Reasons for Expecting Modest Brain-Behavior Correlations with a Laboratory Species

Implications for Further Research

References

Chapter XVIII The Role of Development in the Brain-Behavior Relationship

What Is the Importance of Brain Size for Behavior?

What Are the Effects of Genetic Selection on Brain Substructures?

Behavioral Consequences?

Integrating Theme: The Role of Development in the Evolution of Brain Size

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
412
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1979
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323151535

About the Editor

Martine Hahn

Ratings and Reviews