Deuterostomians, Cyclostomes, and Fishes

Deuterostomians, Cyclostomes, and Fishes

1st Edition - April 28, 1974

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  • Editor: Marcel Florkin
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323163347

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Chemical Zoology, Volume VIII: Deuterostomians, Cyclostomes, and Fishes is an introduction to the scientific literature of chemistry and zoology. This volume presents the state of knowledge of the two sciences to gain a valid impression of both. The research papers in this volume address the problems of different chemical and zoological approaches. The book is arranged according to phyla in order to present chemical information of zoological significance; also, for chemists to see immediately the aspects of biochemical diversity that have greatest potential interest. The chapters are divided into two major sections, Section I (Primitive Deuterostomians) and Section II (Vertebrates). The sections are introduced by a discussion of the biology and systematic of the major phylum. The chapters under these sections tackle the different aspects of the biochemistry of the phylum. This volume is primarily addressed to both chemists and zoologists.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    Contents of Other Volumes


    Chapter 1. Introduction to the Morphology, Phylogenesis, and Systematics of Lower Deuterostomia

    I. Phylum Hemichordata


    II. Phylum Pogonophora


    III. Phylum Chaetognatha


    IV. Phylum Cephalochorda


    V. Phylum Tunicata


    Chapter 2. Biochemistry of Primitive Deuterostomians

    I. Some Chemical Problems of the Pogonophora

    II. The Tunic of Urochordates

    III. The Endostyle and Pharynx of Protochordates

    IV. Iodine Metabolism



    Chapter 3. General Characteristics and Evolution of Craniata or Vertebrates

    I. Neurulation

    II. The Problem of Deuterostomy

    III. Fundamental Organization of the Craniata or Vertebrate

    IV. General Characteristics of Vertebrates

    V. Evolution of Vertebrates


    A. Cyclostomes

    Chapter 4. Osmotic and Ionic Regulation in Cyclostomes

    I. Introduction

    II. Osmotic Balance

    III. Ionic Composition of the Blood

    IV. Organs Concerned with Osmotic and Ionic Regulation

    V. Mechanism of Osmotic and Ionic Regulation

    VI. Osmotic and Ionic Regulation in Tissues

    VII. Comparative Considerations and Conclusions


    Chapter 5. Endocrinology of the Cyclostomata

    I. General Introduction

    II. The Pituitary Gland

    III. The Pineal Complex

    IV. Chromaffin Cells

    V. Corticosteroid-Producing Cells—The Interrenals

    VI. The Thyroid Gland

    VII. The Endocrine Pancreas and Intestinal Endocrine Cells

    VIII. The Gonads

    IX. Conclusion


    B. Fishes

    Chapter 6. Biochemical Embryology of Fishes

    I. Introduction

    II. Molecular Biology

    III. Energy Metabolism


    Chapter 7. Muscle Proteins of Fishes

    I. Introduction

    II. Sarcoplasmic Proteins

    III. Myofibrillar Proteins


    Chapter 8. Plasma Proteins in Fishes

    I. Introduction

    II. Composition of Fish Plasma Proteins

    III. Variations in Compositions

    IV. Plasma Proteins Showing Particular Characteristics of Cold Adaptation


    Chapter 9. Respiratory Function of Blood in Fishes

    I. Introduction

    II. Hemoglobin and Myoglobin

    III. Oxygen Transport

    IV. Carbon Dioxide Transport


    Chapter 10. Nitrogen Metabolism in Fishes

    I. Nutrition and Absorption

    II. Occurrence and Metabolism

    III. End Products of Nitrogen Metabolism


    Chapter 11. Respiratory Metabolism and Ecology of Fishes

    I. Introduction

    II. Techniques and Methods

    III. Environmental History of Experimental Animals

    IV. Group Effects on Metabolic Rate

    V. Developmental Stage and Size

    VI. Anaerobic Respiration

    VII. Some General Considerations


    Chapter 12. Electrolyte Metabolism of Teleosts—Including Calcified Tissues

    I. Calcium Metabolism

    II. Metabolism of Monovalent Ions


    Chapter 13. Pigments of Fishes

    I. Introduction

    II. Tetrapyrroles—Bilins

    III. Melanins

    IV. Purines and Flavins

    V. Pterins

    VI. Carotenoids


    Chapter 14. Endocrinology of Fishes

    I. The Pituitary Gland

    II. The Adrenal Cortex

    III. Corpuscles of Stannius

    IV. Gonadal Steroids

    V. The Thyroid Gland

    VI. The Pancreas—Insulin

    VII. The Pineal

    VIII. The Ultimobranchial Bodies

    IX. The Urophysis

    X. The Kidney

    XI. Chromaffin Tissue


    Chapter 15. Bile Salts in Fishes

    I. Introduction

    II. Agnatha

    III. Chondrichthyes

    IV. Osteichthyes

    V. Significance of Piscine Bile Salt Distribution

    VI. Piscine Bile Salts


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 704
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1974
  • Published: April 28, 1974
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323163347

About the Editor

Marcel Florkin

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