Design of Solar Thermal Power Plants - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128156131

Design of Solar Thermal Power Plants

1st Edition

Authors: Zhifeng Wang
Paperback ISBN: 9780128156131
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st February 2019
Page Count: 490
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Design of Solar Thermal Power Plants introduces the basic design methods of solar thermal power plants for technicians engaged in solar thermal power generation engineering. This book includes the author’s theoretical investigation and study findings in solar heat concentrators, a performance evaluation of solar thermal collectors, a numerical simulation of the heat transfer process between complex geometrics, heat transfer through radiation, and more. Containing theoretical descriptions of solar concentrators and receivers, practical engineering examples, and detailed descriptions of site selections for solar thermal power plants, this book has a strong theoretical and practical value for readers.

Key Features

  • Contains practical guidance and applications, making it more useful and user-friendly for CSP engineers
  • Includes theoretical investigation in solar heat concentrators, performance evaluation of solar thermal collectors, and the numerical simulation of heat transfer between complex geometrics with practical applications


Researchers and technicians working on solar thermal power engineering as well as college teachers and graduate students in energy-related programs

Table of Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 General Principles of Design of Solar Thermal Power Plants
1.2 Overview of Solar Thermal Power
2 Solar resources and meteorological parameters
2.1 Properties of solar energy resources
2.2 Solar constant and solar radiation spectral distributions
2.3 Influence of Atmosphere on Solar Radiation
2.4 Sun position calculation method
2.5 Distribution of solar energy resources in several typical regions in China
2.6 Solar Irradiation Prediction Methods
2.7 Distribution of Direct Normal Irradiance in China
2.8 Various special climatic conditions at a plant site
2.9 Measuring instruments for solar irradiations
3 Overall design of a solar thermal power plant
3.1 Design point for a solar power plant
3.2 Efficiency analysis of heliostat field of solar tower power plant
3.3 Thermal performance of parabolic trough solar collectors
3.4 Basic information for power plant design
3.5 Main parameters and principles of design
3.6 General description of power plant
3.7 Calculation of annual power generation
3.8 Determination of thermal energy storage capacity
3.9 Main points of general plan of power plant
3.10 Solar field layout precautions
4 Design of collector systems
4.1 System overall description
4.2 Principles of solar field layout
4.3 Design of heliostat field in a solar tower power plant
4.4 Control system design of the heliostat field in a solar tower power plant
4.5 Design of solar field in a solar trough power plant
4.6 Control system design of the solar field in a solar trough power plant
4.7 Wind load characteristics of a solar concentrator
5 Receiver system design
5.1 Overall description of receiver system
5.2 The materials selection of a receiver system
5.3 Pipes and pumps for a receiver system
5.4 Control of receiver system
5.5 Design of receiver operation modes
5.6 Sewage system of receiver and its equipment
5.7 Vacuum performance of a parabolic trough tube receiver
6 Thermal energy storage (TES) system
6.1 Overall descriptions of TES system
6.2 Technical requirements for TES system
6.3 TES materials and running modes
6.4 Classification and compositions of TES systems
6.5 Selection of TES materials and containers
6.6 Charge and discharge equipment and process design of TES container
6.7 Control of TES system
6.8 Maintenance facilities for TES system
7 Site selection, power load and power generation process
7.1 Site selection
7.2 Power load and power generation process
8 Plant planning
8.1 Basic Provisions
8.2 Layout of main buildings and the solar field
8.3 Transportation
8.4 Vertical layout
8.5 Pipeline layout
9 Main plant layout
9.1 Main plant positioning
9.2 Main plant and TES system
9.3 Layout of Solar TES system
10 Water treatment equipment and systems
10.1 Makeup water treatment for receiver and evaporator
10.2 Calculation about water treatment equipment
10.3 Treatment of feeding water, boiler water, and thermal system water vapor sampling
10.4 Anti-corrosion
11 Power Systems
11.1 Power plant and power grid connection
11.2 System protection
11.3 System communications
12 Electrical equipment and systems
12.1 High voltage distribution device
12.2 Electrical main control room
12.3 DC system
12.4 Electrical measuring instruments
12.5 Relay protection and safety automatic device
12.6 Lighting system
12.7 Cable selection and laying
12.8 Overvoltage protection and earthing
12.9 Electrical device for explosion and fire hazard environments
13 Thermal automation
13.1 Basic Provisions
13.2 Control methods
13.3 Thermal detections
13.4 Automatic adjustment
13.5 Thermal protection
13.6 Interlocking
13.7 Power source and Gas source
13.8 Control room
13.9 Layout of cables, ducts and local equipment
13.10 Basic provisions of heating
13.11 Solar tower
13.12 Plant area heating network and the heating station
14 Architecture and structure
14.1 Basic Provisions
14.2 Fire protection
14.3 Indoor environment
15 Auxiliary and ancillary facilities
16 Environmental Protection of Solar Thermal Power Plant
16.1 Basic Provisions
16.2 Design requirements of environmental protection
16.3 Pollution Prevention
16.4 Environmental protection facilities


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© Academic Press 2019
Academic Press
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About the Author

Zhifeng Wang

Zhifeng Wang, doctoral tutor of Chinese Academy of Sciences, researcher at the Institute of Electrical Engineering of Chinese Academy of Sciences, group leader of national 973 project, general team leader of 863 key project of "11th five-year plan" of Ministry of Science and Technology and director of key laboratory of solar thermal power utilization and photovoltaic system of Chinese Academy of Sciences, graduated from Department of Thermal Engineering, Tsinghua University and received his doctor’s degree. In 2005, he was nominated in the “Hundred Talents Program” of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Dr. Wang’s research mainly includes solar thermal power generation technology, performance evaluation of solar energy utilization system, flow and transfer of heat in the solar heat-collecting system, numerical simulation of flow and heat transfer process in the heat exchanger, heat transfer through radiation in complex gas medium, numerical simulation of heat transfer process in complex geometrics and performance evaluation methods of the solar energy heat utilization system

Affiliations and Expertise

Doctoral Tutor and Researcher, Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

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