Desert Biology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121359027, 9781483216638

Desert Biology

1st Edition

Special Topics on the Physical and Biological Aspects of Arid Regions

Editors: G. W. Brown
eBook ISBN: 9781483216638
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1974
Page Count: 620
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out Price includes VAT/GST
Price includes VAT/GST
× DRM-Free

Easy - Download and start reading immediately. There’s no activation process to access eBooks; all eBooks are fully searchable, and enabled for copying, pasting, and printing.

Flexible - Read on multiple operating systems and devices. Easily read eBooks on smart phones, computers, or any eBook readers, including Kindle.

Open - Buy once, receive and download all available eBook formats, including PDF, EPUB, and Mobi (for Kindle).

Institutional Access

Secure Checkout

Personal information is secured with SSL technology.

Free Shipping

Free global shipping
No minimum order.


Desert Biology: Special Topics on the Physical and Biological Aspects of Arid Regions, Volume II records the conditions and life in the arid regions of the world.

This book discusses the hydrogeology of arid regions, desert soil surfaces and classes, and physical and vegetational aspects of the Sahara Desert. The Piman Indians of the Sonoran Desert, approach to the water relations of desert plants, desert arthropods, and aquatic environments of deserts are also considered.

Other topics include the artificial changes in the hydrogeology of deserts, soils of individual world deserts, rainfall and water supply of desert plants, and ecological plant types in arid regions. The hydrature in true xerophytes, chloride accumulation in halophytes, and biological response to desert water conditions are likewise covered in this publication.

This volume is recommended for researchers and specialists interested in the hot, dry regions of the planet.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


Contents of Volume I

Chapter I. Hydrogeology of Arid Regions

I. Introduction

II. Laws of Groundwater Motion

III. Applications of Flow Equations

IV. Groundwater Recharge

V. Circulation of Groundwater

VI. Groundwater Discharge

VII. Water Quality

VIII. Large-Scale Groundwater Circulation

IX. Artificial Changes in the Hydrogeology of Deserts


Chapter II. Desert Soils

I. Introduction

II. Desert Soil Surfaces and Classes

III. Characteristic Desert Subsurface Horizons

IV. Desert Soil Suborders and Great Groups

V. Physical Desert Surfaces

VI. Accumulations in Desert Soils

VII. Desert Soils as a Medium for Plants

VIII. Desert Soils and Microorganisms

IX. Soils of Individual World Deserts

X. Concluding Statement


Chapter III. Physical and Vegetational Aspects of the Sahara Desert

I. Introduction

II. Physical Environment of the Sahara Desert

III. Vegetation in the Sahara Desert


Chapter IV. Desert Algae, Lichens, and Fungi

I. Desert Algae

II. Desert Lichens

III. Desert Fungi

IV. Addendum


Chapter V. A New Approach to the Water Relations of Desert Plants

I. Introduction

II. Rainfall and Water Supply of Desert Plants

III. "Diffuse" and "Contracted" Vegetation

IV. The Significance of Soil Texture for the Water Supply of Desert Plants

V. Distinctive Features of Deserts

VI. Hydration of Protoplasm and Osmotic Potential

VII. Plant Hydrature and Environmental Water Conditions

VIII. Diurnal Fluctuation of the Osmotic Potential (ψ8)

IX. Annual Variations of the Osmotic Potential (ψ8)

X. The Ecological Types of Desert Plants

XI. Osmotic Quantities and Importance of Hydrature for Growth and Xeromorphism

XII. Osmotic Potential (ψ8), Growth, and Production of Organic Matter

XIII. The Relation Between the Osmotic Potential (ψ8) and the Anatomical and Morphological Characteristics of Plants

XIV. The Ecological Plant Types in Arid Regions

XV. Hydrature in True Xerophytes

XVI. The Hydrature of Succulents

XVII. Saline Soils in Arid Regions

XVIII. Halophytes and Salt Uptake

XIX. The Effects of Ions on Protoplasm

XX. Chloride Accumulation in Halophytes

XXI. Types of Halophytes


Chapter VI. Desert Arthropods

I. Introduction

II. The Insect Organization

III. Water Balance

IV. Tolerance of Water Depletion and of High Temperatures

V. Body Temperature in the Field

VI. Morphological Adaptations, Including Surface Color

VII. Phenology and Behavior

VIII. Conclusion

IX. Summary


Chapter VII. Desert Fishes

I. Introduction

II. Aquatic Environments of Deserts

III. General Ecology

IV. Biological Response to Desert Water Conditions



Chapter VIII. Man in Arid Lands: The Piman Indians of the Sonoran Desert

I. Man in the Desert

II. The Sonoran Desert Setting

III. Piman Indians

IV. Conclusions


Chapter IX. Man in Arid Lands: North From Jiddah


Outside Medina

In Camp

In Camp


Mada' in Salih

Notes on the Nabateans

Author Index

Subject Index

Systematic Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1974
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

G. W. Brown

Ratings and Reviews