Decisions, Values and Groups - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080092379, 9781483153957

Decisions, Values and Groups

1st Edition

Reports from the First Interdisciplinary Conference in the Behavioral Science Division Held at the University of New Mexico

Editors: Dorthy Willner
eBook ISBN: 9781483153957
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1960
Page Count: 378
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Decisions, Values and Groups, Volume 1 contains the proceedings of the First Interdisciplinary Conference of the Behavioral Sciences Division of the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, held at the University of New Mexico in 1957. The papers explore the roles of decisions, values, and groups in the behavioral sciences and cover topics ranging from the use of mathematical models in decision making to the contribution of the laboratory to the study of individual differences. Theoretical contributions to small group research are also discussed. This book is comprised of 22 chapters and begins with an overview of the merging of mathematical and statistical techniques with the empirical method in the study of behavior, as well as the place of decisions, values, and groups in behavioral science research. The reader is then introduced to the applications of mathematical models to decision processes, with particular reference to the automation of decision making. The following chapters focus on conceptualizations and designs for research in values and evaluative processes; theoretical aspects of small group research; and psychodynamic patterns of behavior; and special problems in the military. A non-introspective approach to the study of human motivation is described. This volume will be of interest to behavioral scientists and social scientists.

Table of Contents



Editor's Preface

I. Mathematical Models in Decision Processes

A Perspective on Automation and Decision Making

Models, Meaning and Theories

Some Personality Correlates of Decision Making under Conditions of Risk

The Formation of Hypotheses and Styles in the Process of Solving a Logical Task

Stochastic Choice and Subjective Probability

II. Conceptualizations and Designs for Research in Values and Evaluative Processes

The Contribution of the Laboratory to the Study of Individual Differences

A Tentative Theory of the Structure of Conscience

Values in Person Cognition

Personal Values and Group Interaction

The Organization of Microcultures

III. Theoretical Contributions to Small Group Research

A Commentary on Small Group Research

Common Fate, Similarity and Other Indices of the Status of Aggregates of Persons as Social Entities

Seeking and Avoiding Self-Evaluation by Working Individually or in Groups

Two Variables Affecting the Message in Communication

Behavior in Groups: The Development of a Scale to Measure Individual Prominence

The Influence of Propaganda without Social Support

IV. Psychodynamic Patterns of Behavior

Neurophysiological Basis for Behavior

Hostility: Theory and Experimental Investigation

The Problem of Vicarious Experience

Report on the Psycho-Social Organization of the Family and Mental Health

Depression: Definition and Determinants

V. Special Military Problems

A Non-Introspective Approach to the Study of Human Motivation

Human Parameters of Space


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About the Editor

Dorthy Willner

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