Decisions, Values and Groups

Decisions, Values and Groups

Reports from the First Interdisciplinary Conference in the Behavioral Science Division Held at the University of New Mexico

1st Edition - January 1, 1960

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  • Editor: Dorthy Willner
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483153957

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Decisions, Values and Groups, Volume 1 contains the proceedings of the First Interdisciplinary Conference of the Behavioral Sciences Division of the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, held at the University of New Mexico in 1957. The papers explore the roles of decisions, values, and groups in the behavioral sciences and cover topics ranging from the use of mathematical models in decision making to the contribution of the laboratory to the study of individual differences. Theoretical contributions to small group research are also discussed. This book is comprised of 22 chapters and begins with an overview of the merging of mathematical and statistical techniques with the empirical method in the study of behavior, as well as the place of decisions, values, and groups in behavioral science research. The reader is then introduced to the applications of mathematical models to decision processes, with particular reference to the automation of decision making. The following chapters focus on conceptualizations and designs for research in values and evaluative processes; theoretical aspects of small group research; and psychodynamic patterns of behavior; and special problems in the military. A non-introspective approach to the study of human motivation is described. This volume will be of interest to behavioral scientists and social scientists.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword


    Editor's Preface

    I. Mathematical Models in Decision Processes

    A Perspective on Automation and Decision Making

    Models, Meaning and Theories

    Some Personality Correlates of Decision Making under Conditions of Risk

    The Formation of Hypotheses and Styles in the Process of Solving a Logical Task

    Stochastic Choice and Subjective Probability

    II. Conceptualizations and Designs for Research in Values and Evaluative Processes

    The Contribution of the Laboratory to the Study of Individual Differences

    A Tentative Theory of the Structure of Conscience

    Values in Person Cognition

    Personal Values and Group Interaction

    The Organization of Microcultures

    III. Theoretical Contributions to Small Group Research

    A Commentary on Small Group Research

    Common Fate, Similarity and Other Indices of the Status of Aggregates of Persons as Social Entities

    Seeking and Avoiding Self-Evaluation by Working Individually or in Groups

    Two Variables Affecting the Message in Communication

    Behavior in Groups: The Development of a Scale to Measure Individual Prominence

    The Influence of Propaganda without Social Support

    IV. Psychodynamic Patterns of Behavior

    Neurophysiological Basis for Behavior

    Hostility: Theory and Experimental Investigation

    The Problem of Vicarious Experience

    Report on the Psycho-Social Organization of the Family and Mental Health

    Depression: Definition and Determinants

    V. Special Military Problems

    A Non-Introspective Approach to the Study of Human Motivation

    Human Parameters of Space

Product details

  • No. of pages: 378
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1960
  • Published: January 1, 1960
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483153957

About the Editor

Dorthy Willner

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