Cyanobacterial Physiology

Cyanobacterial Physiology

From Fundamentals to Biotechnology

1st Edition - May 31, 2022

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  • Editors: Hakuto Kageyama, Rungaroon Waditee-Sirisattha
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323993869

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Description

Cyanobacteria are ancient, primordial oxygenic phototrophs, and probably the progenitor of oxygen-evolving photosynthesis. They are a prolific source of natural products and metabolites and vitally important for environmental biology and biotechnology. Cyanobacterial Physiology presents foundational knowledge alongside the most recent advances in cyanobacterial biology. The title examines the challenges of industrial application through an understanding of the basic molecular machinery of cyanobacteria. Sixteen chapters are organized into three sections. The first part covers basic cyanobacterial biology, emphasizing environmental biology such as photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation, circadian rhythm, and programmed cell death. The second part includes the chapters that discuss cyanobacterial extremophiles, adaptations, secondary metabolites, osmoprotectants, and toxins. The third part covers aspects of cyanobacterial application that are based on environmental biology. Leading scientists contribute chapters on cyanobacteria. Cyanobacterial Physiology presents a comprehensive and vibrant solution for researchers and engineers in biotechnology interested in cyanobacteria and their applications. Topics include the cyanobacterial cell and fundamental physiological processes; the biotechnological potential of cyanobacteria with their versatile metabolism; and advanced applications of cyanobacterial products. At each stage the book is informed by basic and applied research.

Key Features

  • Examines industrial applications of cyanobacteria through their basic molecular machinery
  • Presents foundational knowledge about cyanobacteria alongside the latest research
  • Leading scientists present basic and applied research on cyanobacteria
  • Covers cyanobacterial biology and applications in environmental biotechnology
  • Give researchers and engineers a comprehensive solution for working with cyanobacteria in relation to environmental biology and biotechnology

Readership

Researchers and engineers in biotechnology including in physiology, biochemistry, bioactive natural product chemistry and environmental biotechnology; doctoral and post doctoral researchers in biochemistry, applied microbiology and biotechnology

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • About the Editors
  • Preface
  • Part I: Fundamental and physiological characteristics of cyanobacteria
  • Chapter 1: Cyanobacterial cells
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Structural components and morphology of cyanobacterial cells
  • 3: Ecological importance
  • 4: Classical taxonomy, modern molecular phylogeny, and polyphasic approaches
  • 5: Emerging tools: Omics and cyanobacterial databases
  • 6: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 2: Fundamental physiological processes: Photosynthesis, light-harvesting complex, and carbon-concentrating mechanisms
  • Abstract
  • 1: Photosynthesis of cyanobacteria
  • 2: Light-harvesting complex
  • 3: Carbon-concentrating mechanism (CCM)
  • 4: Acclimation of photosynthetic apparatus to environmental conditions
  • 5: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 3: Nitrogen fixation in cyanobacteria
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Structures, reaction mechanism, and nitrogenase biosynthesis
  • 3: Oxygen paradox between nitrogen fixation and photosynthesis
  • 4: Transcriptional regulation of cyanobacterial nif genes
  • 5: Symbiosis
  • 6: Toward transfer of the nitrogen-fixing ability to crops
  • 7: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 4: Circadian clock in cyanobacteria
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Circadian rhythm in cyanobacteria
  • 3: Mechanism of clock oscillation in cyanobacteria
  • 4: Kai clock proteins
  • 5: Cellular circadian rhythms
  • 6: Distribution of kai genes
  • 7: Concluding remarks and prospects
  • References
  • Chapter 5: Theoretical aspects of temperature effect on cyanobacterial circadian clock
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Temperature compensation
  • 3: Temperature entrainment
  • 4: Loss of circadian rhythmicity at low temperatures
  • 5: Resonances of cyanobacterial circadian rhythms
  • 6: Evolutionary scenario of cyanobacterial circadian rhythms
  • 7: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 6: Regulated cell death in cyanobacteria: Evidences, classification, and significances
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: RCD detection in cyanobacteria
  • 3: Caspase homologs in cyanobacteria
  • 4: Modes of cell death in cyanobacteria
  • 5: Ecological significance
  • 6: Conclusions
  • References
  • Part II: Extremophiles, adaptations, secondary metabolites, osmolytes, and toxins in cyanobacteria
  • Chapter 7: Extremophilic cyanobacteria
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Extremophilic cyanobacteria
  • 3: Psychrophilic cyanobacteria
  • 4: Thermophilic cyanobacteria
  • 5: Halophilic cyanobacteria
  • 6: Xerophilic cyanobacteria
  • 7: Alkaliphilic cyanobacteria
  • 8: Polyextremophilic cyanobacteria
  • 9: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 8: Mycosporine-like amino acids and scytonemin: Regulations, roles for adaptation of cyanobacteria to the environment, and potential applications
  • Abstract
  • 1: Mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs)
  • 2: Scytonemin
  • 3: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 9: Osmoprotectant molecules in cyanobacteria: Their basic features, biosynthetic regulations, and potential applications
  • Abstract
  • 1: Osmoprotectants in halotolerant cyanobacteria: Glycine betaine
  • 2: Osmoprotectants in moderately salt-tolerant cyanobacteria: Glucosylglycerol and glucosylglycerate
  • 3: Osmoprotectants in freshwater cyanobacteria: Sucrose and trehalose
  • 4: Other potential osmoprotective molecules in cyanobacteria
  • 5: Potential applications of osmoprotectant molecules
  • 6: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 10: Detection, biosynthesis, and biofunctions of microcystins in the freshwater bloom-forming cyanobacterium Microcystis
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Structural diversity, toxicity, and stability of microcystins
  • 3: Safety guideline for microcystins in drinking water
  • 4: Detection of microcystins
  • 5: Biosynthesis of microcystins in Microcystis
  • 6: Biofunctions of microcystins in Microcystis
  • 7: Concluding remarks
  • References
  • Chapter 11: Mycosporine-like amino acids in the freshwater bloom-forming cyanobacterium Microcystis: Detection, biosynthesis, genetic markers, and biofunctions
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Detection of MAAs in Microcystis
  • 3: Biosynthesis and genetic markers
  • 4: Biofunctions
  • 5: Concluding remarks
  • References
  • Part III: Applications of cyanobacteria in biotechnology
  • Chapter 12: Applications of cyanobacterial compounds in the energy, health, value-added product, and agricultural sectors: A perspective
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Applications in the energy sector
  • 3: Applications in the health sector
  • 4: Applications in value-added products
  • 5: Applications in the agricultural sector
  • 6: Challenges and future perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 13: Exploring the metabolic versatility of cyanobacteria for an emerging carbon-neutral bioeconomy
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Cyanobacteria: Promising biocatalysts
  • 3: Strategies to enhance the production of biochemicals in cyanobacteria
  • 4: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 14: Carbon metabolism of great biotechnological interest: Metabolic engineering and synthetic biology of cyanobacteria
  • Abstract
  • 1: Metabolism and metabolic enzymes in cyanobacteria
  • 2: Metabolic engineering and synthetic biology of cyanobacteria
  • 3: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 15: Cyanobacterial photoreceptors and their applications
  • Abstract
  • 1: Diversity of photoreceptors
  • 2: Photoresponsive phenomena
  • 3: Applications
  • References
  • Chapter 16: Cyanobacterial and commercially important carotenoids: Biosynthesis, metabolic engineering, biological activities, applications, and processing
  • Abstract
  • 1: Carotenoids in cyanobacteria
  • 2: Biological activities and applications of carotenoids
  • 3: Carotenoid processing
  • 4: Conclusions
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 252
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: May 31, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323993869

About the Editors

Hakuto Kageyama

Hakuto Kageyama is a Professor in the Department of Chemistry, in the Faculty of Science and Technology, at Meijo University, Japan. He and his team conduct basic and applied research on cyanobacteria.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Meijo University, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

Rungaroon Waditee-Sirisattha

Rungaroon Waditee-Sirisattha is Associate Professor in the Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok, Thailand. He conducts basic and applied research on cyanobacteria.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand

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