Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes

Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes

Techniques of Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) for Development of Membrane Technology

1st Edition - December 4, 2021

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  • Editors: Angelo Basile, Kamran Ghasemzadeh
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128222942
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128223079

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Description

Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes: Techniques of Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) for Development of Membrane Technology provides updates on new progress in membrane processes due to various challenges and how many industrial companies and academic centers are carrying out these processes.  Chapters help readers understand techniques of computational fluid dynamic (CFD) for the development of membrane technology, including an introduction to the technologies, their applications, and the advantages/disadvantages of CFD modeling of various membrane processes. In addition, the book compares these modeling methods with other traditional separation systems and covers fouling and concentration polarization problems. The book is a key reference for R&D managers interested in the development of membrane technologies as well as academic researchers and postgraduate students working in the wider areas of strategic treatments, separation and purification processes.

Key Features

  • Includes developments of membrane technologies in different applications by using CFD tools
  • Describes CFD methods for evaluation and optimization of membrane process performance
  • Indicates CFD method advantages over other modeling strategies for the analysis of membrane/membrane reactor processes

Readership

Academic researchers and postgraduate students working in the wider area of the membrane processes to energy conversion. R&D Companies and Institutions

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. Introduction on principle of computational fluid dynamics
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 What is computational fluid dynamics?
  • 1.2 Applications of computational fluid dynamics
  • 1.3 Main stages of computational fluid dynamics modeling
  • 1.4 Solution algorithms in computational fluid dynamics
  • 1.5 Commercial and noncommercial software for computational fluid dynamics
  • 1.6 Features of computational fluid dynamics schemes
  • 1.7 Stability analysis
  • 1.8 Temporal discretization
  • 1.9 Initial and boundary conditions
  • 1.10 Governing equations in the general coordinate system
  • 1.11 Finite volume method
  • 1.12 Finite element method
  • 1.13 Solution of systems of linear equations
  • 1.14 Conclusions and future trends
  • List of abbreviations
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • Chapter 2. Application of computational fluid dynamics technique in microfiltration/ultrafiltration processes
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 State of art
  • 2.3 Fundamentals of computational fluid dynamics modeling approach
  • 2.4 Conclusion and future trends
  • List of abbreviations
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • Chapter 3. Application of computational fluid dynamics technique in reverse osmosis/nanofiltration processes
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Governing effects in membrane filtration processes
  • 3.3 Governing flow model
  • 3.4 Computational fluid dynamics model setup
  • 3.5 Model execution and data analysis
  • 3.6 Conclusion
  • List of abbreviations
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • Chapter 4. Application of computational fluid dynamics technique in electrodialysis/reverse electrodialysis processes
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Modeling and methods
  • 4.3 Results and discussion
  • 4.4 Conclusions and future trends
  • List of abbreviations
  • List of symbols
  • References
  • Chapter 5. Application of computational fluid dynamics technique in membrane distillation processes
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Models and methods
  • 5.3 Results and discussion
  • 5.4 Conclusions and future trends
  • List of abbreviations
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • Chapter 6. Application of computational fluid dynamics technique in dialysis processes
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Dialysis
  • 6.3 Principles behind dialysis
  • 6.4 Membranes used in dialysis
  • 6.5 Different types of dialyzers
  • 6.6 The fundamental principles of mass transfer in dialysis
  • 6.7 Basic applications of dialysis
  • 6.8 Application of computational fluid dynamics in dialysis processes
  • 6.9 Conclusions and trends
  • List of abbreviations
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • Chapter 7. Application of computational fluid dynamics technique in pervaporation processes
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Computational fluid dynamics simulation
  • 7.3 Concluding remarks and future trends
  • List of abbreviations
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • Chapter 8. Application of computational fluid dynamics technique in processes of gas membrane separation
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Computational fluid dynamics simulation for the membrane gas separation
  • 8.3 Mathematical modeling
  • 8.4 Numerical simulation and computational approach
  • 8.5 Conclusion and future trend
  • List of abbreviations
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • Chapter 9. Application of computational fluid dynamics technique in membrane contactor systems
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Literature review of the application of CFD methods in HFMC
  • 9.3 CFD modeling of fluid flow and mass transfer in HFMC
  • 9.4 Results of experiments and CFD models
  • 9.5 Conclusions and future trends
  • List of abbreviations
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • Chapter 10. Application of computational fluid dynamics technique in membrane reactor systems
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Designs of membrane reactors
  • 10.3 Modeling of membrane reactor systems
  • 10.4 The computational fluid dynamic studies on membrane reactor systems
  • 10.5 Conclusion and future trends
  • List of abbreviations
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • Chapter 11. Application of computational fluid dynamics technique in membrane bioreactor systems
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Design of the membrane bioreactor
  • 11.3 Modeling of membrane bioreactor
  • 11.4 Computational fluid dynamics
  • 11.5 Conclusions and future trends
  • List of abbreviations
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 402
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: December 4, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128222942
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128223079

About the Editors

Angelo Basile

Angelo Basile, officially qualified as a Full Professor at university in the subject “Sistems, Methods and Technologies of the Chemical Engineering Processes”, until 2020 was a senior researcher at the Italian National Research Council (CNR), wherein he developed membranes for gas purification and membrane reactors for pure hydrogen production. His prolific research works have been published in numerous papers and conference proceedings, and he has also produced various Italian (8), European (3 )and worldwide (1)patents. Basile has edited more than 60 scientific books and 60 special journal issues on membrane science and technology. He is an associate editor of various international journals (like IJHE) and Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Membrane Science & Technology; and member of the editorial board of more 20 int. journals. Angelo Basile’s h-index 51, on the areas: Energy, Chem. Eng., Env. Science, Materials Science, Chemistry, (www.scopus.com – 21 March 2022). Today Basile is a R&D Manager at ECO2Energy (Rome) and Hydrogenia (Genoa), both societies under the umbrella of the European society Greeninvest; he also is offcially collaborating with the Dept. of Eng. at the University Campus Bio-medical of Rome.

Affiliations and Expertise

Hydrogenia, Genoa, Italy

Kamran Ghasemzadeh

Dr. Kamran Ghasemzadeh is an associate professor of chemical engineering at the Urmia University of Technology (Urmia, Iran). At this moment, he is director of UUT research center. He received his doctorate from the Sahand University of Technology (Tabriz, Iran) and worked as a researcher in the Nanomaterial Research Center (NMRC) for several years. Dr. Ghasemzadeh has collaborated with ITM-CNR conducting research on hydrogen production using inorganic (lead or silica-based) materials. He has made many important contributions to the materials and devices for sustainable, clean energy such as inorganic membrane reactors, pure hydrogen production, natural gas conversion, gas separation by membranes, inorganic membrane synthesis and modeling of membrane reactor performance and separation processes.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Chemical Engineering Department, Urmia University of Technology, Urmia, Iran

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