Current Topics in Cellular Regulation

Current Topics in Cellular Regulation

1st Edition - September 28, 1990

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  • Editors: Bernard L. Horecker, Earl R. Stadtman, P. Boon Chock
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483217307

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Description

Current Topics in Cellular Regulation: Volume 31 is a collection of papers that deals with the role of calcium as intracellular messenger, calcium release or entry across the plasma membrane, calcium in neurotransmitter release, and the regulation of free calmodulin levels in neurons by neuromodulin. Other papers discuss the calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II, the regulation of muscular calcium channels, and the Na+-Ca2+ exchangers. One paper describes the mechanisms of intracellular calcium release or entry in which agonists acting through the phosphoinositide system, or possibly by metabolites or secondary messenger system,can regulate the mechanisms of cellular Ca2+. Another paper describes different approaches in evaluating the possible mechanisms of calcium in neurotransmitter release. The paper notes that imaging techniques can be used in the timing and order of events in the release process. Possible identification by the investigator of specific "releasing" regions at the membranes, such as active zones, can also define more precisely the exact localization of the process. One paper discusses the interaction between released calmodulin and cytoskeleton proteins that can affect polymerization and cross-linking of cytoskeleton polymers, that leads to filopodia formation or extension. The collection will prove beneficial to molecular biologists, general biologists, microbiologists, biochemists, and researchers involved in cellular biology.

Table of Contents


  • Calcium as Intracellular Messenger: From Simplicity to Complexity

    I. Introduction

    II. The Simplicity of Ca2+ as Messenger

    III. Ca2+ and Cylic AMP as Synarchic Messengers

    IV. Ca2+ Metabolism and Calcium Homeostasis During Sustained Cellular Responses

    V. Ca2+ as Messenger in Sustained Cellular Responses

    VI. Time-Dependent Changes in Cell Responsiveness

    VII. The Complexity and Elegance of Ca2+ Messenger Generation, Readout, and Action

    References

    The Integration of Receptor-Regulated Intracellular Calcium Release and Calcium Entry Across the Plasma Membrane

    I. Introduction

    II. Sources of Activator Calcium

    III. Mechanisms of Intracellular Calcium Release

    IV. Mechanisms of Calcium Entry

    V. Conclusions

    References

    The Role of Calcium in Neurotransmitter Release: Existing Models and New Approaches to Evaluate Possible Mechanisms

    I. Introduction

    II. Current Models of the Mechanism of Synaptic Release

    III. Experimental Models and Techniques Applied to the Study of Secretion

    IV. Role of Second Messengers in Exocytosis

    V. Concluding Remarks

    References

    Regulation of Free Calmodulin Levels in Neurons by Neuromodulin: Relationship to Neuronal Growth and Regeneration

    I. Discovery of Neuromodulin as a Calmodulin-Binding Protein

    II. Distribution of Neuromodulin within Brain

    III. Physical Properties of Neuromodulin

    IV. Primary Amino Acid Sequence of Neuromodulin and Identification of Its Calmodulin-Binding Domain

    V. Regulation of Calmodulin Binding to Neuromodulin by Protein Kinase C Phosphorylation and Calcineurin Dephosphorylation

    VI. Cloning of cDNAs Encoding Neuromodulin and Expression of the Protein in Escherichia coli

    VII. Recognition of the Homology Between Neuromodulin and GAP-43; Physiological Functions of the Protein

    VIII. Biochemical Model for Regulation of Neurite Extension by Neuromodulin

    References

    Calcium/Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase II

    I. Introduction

    II. The CaM Kinase II Isozyme Family

    III. Substrate Consensus Phosphorylation Sequence

    IV. Regulatory Properties of CaM Kinase II

    V. Identification of Regulatory Domains of CaM Kinase II

    VI. Physiological Role of CaM Kinase II

    VII. Summary

    References

    The Molecular Structure and Regulation of Muscular Calcium Channels

    I. Introduction

    II. Composition of the Skeletal Muscle CaCB Receptor/Calcium Channel

    III. Primary Sequence of the Channel Subunits

    IV. Binding Characteristics of the Purified Channel

    V. Reconstitution of the Calcium Channel Receptor Complex and Its Physiological Function

    VI. Structure of Nonskeletal Muscle L-Type Calcium Channels

    VII. In Vivo Regulation and Conclusion

    References

    Na+-Ca2+ Exchanger: The Elusive Protein

    I. Introduction

    II. The Beginning: How It All Started

    III. Stoichiometry and the Effect of Membrane Potential on Na+-Ca2+ Exchanger

    IV. The Modulating Role of ATP in Na+-Ca2+ Exchange

    V. Purification of the Na+-Ca2+ Exchanger

    VI. Expression of Na+-Ca2+ Exchange Activity in Xenopus Oocytes

    VII. Conclusions

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 288
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1990
  • Published: September 28, 1990
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483217307

About the Editors

Bernard L. Horecker

Earl R. Stadtman

P. Boon Chock

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