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Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 Based Thin Film Solar Cells - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123736970, 9780080920320

Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 Based Thin Film Solar Cells, Volume 35

1st Edition

Author: Subba Kodigala
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123736970
eBook ISBN: 9780080920320
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 26th November 2010
Page Count: 700
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Table of Contents

1 Introduction
2 Growth Process of Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 and CuIn(Se1-xSx)2 Thin Films
3 Surface Analyses of I-III-VI2 Compounds
4 Structural Properties of I-III-VI2 Absorbers
5 Optical Properties of I-III-VI2 Compounds
6 Electrical Properties of I-III-VI2 Compounds
7 Fabrication and Properties of Window Layers for Thin Film Solar Cells
8 CuIn1-xGaxSe2 and CuIn(Se1-xSx)2 Based Thin Film Solar Cells


Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 Based Thin Film Solar Cells provides valuable contents about the fabrication and characterization of chalcopyrite Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 based thin film solar cells and modules. The growth of chalcopyrite Cu(In1-xGax)(S1-ySey)2 absorbers, buffers, window layers, antireflection coatings, and finally metallic grids, which are the sole components of solar cells, is clearly illustrated. The absorber, which contains multiple elements, segregates secondary phases if the growth conditions are not well optimized i.e., the main drawback in the fabrication of solar cells. More importantly the solutions for the growth of thin films are given in detail. The properties of all the individual layers and single crystals including solar cells analyzed by different characterization techniques such as SEM, AFM, XPS, AES, TEM, XRD, optical, photoluminescence, and Raman spectroscopy are explicitly demonstrated. The electrical analyses such as conductivities, Hall mobilities, deep level transient spectroscopy measurements etc., provide a broad picture to understand thin films or single crystals and their solar cells. The book clearly explains the working principle of energy conversion from solar to electrical with basic sciences for the chalcopyrite based thin film solar cells. Also, it demonstrates important criteria on how to enhance efficiency of the solar cells and modules. The effect of environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, aging etc., on the devices is mentioned by citing several examples.

Key Features

  • Illustrates a number of growth techniques to prepare thin film layers for solar cells
  • Discusses characterization techniques such as XRD, TEM, XPS, AFM, SEM, PL, CL, Optical measurements, and Electrical measurements
  • Includes I-V, C-V measurements illustrations
  • Provides analysis of solar cell efficiency
  • Presents current trends in thin film solar cells research and marketing


Physicists, surface scientists, materials scientists and engineering professionals, developing and implementing solar cell technologies in universities, government and private labs. Renewable Energy companies.


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2010
26th November 2010
Academic Press
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:


"Researchers developing solar cell materials will greatly appreciate and benefit from this book.  It provides much in-depth technical detail on a wide variety of important solar cell materials, which would otherwise be scattered over many technical journal papers. The huge amount of material property data in the form of graphs, tables, and images makes this book a valuable resource for the solar cell community, and a worthwhile addition to the interested reader’s library." --Electrical Insulation Magazine

Ratings and Reviews

About the Author

Subba Kodigala

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Physics & Astronomy, California State University, Northridge, USA