An Introduction for Earth Science (and other Solid State) Students

1st Edition - June 24, 1981

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  • Author: E. J. W. Whittaker
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483285566

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Starting from the basic features of crystal morphology and symmetry without assuming that the reader knows anything about crystals this textbook shows how they provide an insight into the way in which crystals are based on a repeating pattern of atoms. After summarizing and comparing the main features of the seven crystal systems and thirty-two crystal classes, the book goes on to treat X-ray crystallography in sufficient detail to provide an understanding of its uses in identification and in textural and structural studies, and to relate it to selected area electron diffraction methods in the electron microscope. Thus the student is brought to a level where he can understand the significance of crystallographic work, and has a thorough background if he wishes to move on to more specialist works. Problems and answers are included


Particularly first and second year undergraduate geology courses but also for introductory chemistry and physics courses and scientists in other fields requiring an easy introduction to crystallography

Table of Contents

  • (partial) Preface, L.G. Berry


    Part I: External form and cell structure of crystals

    Repeating patterns and lattices

    Crystal symmetry

    Notation for crystallographic faces, forms and zones

    Use of the stereographic projection

    Morphology of the seven crystal systems

    The thirty-two crystal classes

    Part II: The basis of X-ray crystallography: X-ray powder diffraction

    Intensities of X-ray reflections

    The 14 Bravais lattices

    Interpretation of powder photographs

    X-ray diffraction by single crystals

    Symmetry in repeating patterns

    The determination of crystal structures

    Electron diffraction in the electron microscope

    Irregularities in crystals

    Morphology revisited

    Glossary of terms used in crystallography

    Answers to problems


Product details

  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 2016
  • Published: June 24, 1981
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483285566

About the Author

E. J. W. Whittaker

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Oxford, UK

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