Cryogenics Safety Manual - 3rd Edition - ISBN: 9780750602259, 9781483103259

Cryogenics Safety Manual

3rd Edition

A Guide to Good Practice

Authors: Safety British Cryogenics Council
eBook ISBN: 9781483103259
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 28th October 1991
Page Count: 126
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Description

Cryogenics Safety Manual: A Guide to Good Practice, Third Edition promotes the safe application and development of low temperature engineering. The book also details the hazards involved in the operation, handling, and development of cryogenic devices. The text is divided into five chapters. Chapter 1 describes the health precautions and legislations involved in the field. Chapter 2 tackles the specific hazards and safety measures in handling and maintaining air separation plants. Chapter 3 discusses the precautions to be observed in the different procedures concerning natural gas, ethylene, and methane. Chapter 4 covers the proper safety measures and maintenance of plants and equipment designed to handle liquid and gas states of hydrogen at low temperatures, and Chapter 5 talks about the special precautions in handling helium, neon, krypton, and xenon. Chemists, physicists, engineers, and safety personnel involved in the field of cryogenics would benefit from this helpful guide.

Table of Contents


Contents

Tables and Illustrations

Preface

Membership of Safety Panel

Notice

Introduction

1. General Safety Requirements

1.1 Health

1.2 Safety

1.3 Legislation

Bibliography

2. Oxygen, Nitrogen and Argon

2.1 Specific Hazards

2.2 Safety in The Operation of Air Separation Plants

2.3 Safety in The Maintenance of Air Separation Plants

Bibliography

3. Natural Gas, Ethylene and Ethane

3.1 Specific Hazards

3.2 Safety in Operation

3.3 Safety in Maintenance

3.4 Storage Systems

3.5 Firefighting

3.6 Detection Systems

Bibliography

4. Hydrogen

4.1 Specific Hazards

4.2 Safety in Maintenance and Operation of Hydrogen Plants

4.3 Safety in Maintenance and Operation of Liquid Hydrogen Storage, Transport and Handling Equipment

Bibliography

5. Helium and Other Rare Gases - Research Systems

5.1 Helium, Neon, Krypton and Xenon

5.2 Liquid Helium

5.3 Grouping of Neon, Krypton and Xenon

Bibliography

Index

Tables and Illustrations

Tables

1 Thermophysical Properties of Various Cryogens

2 Coefficient of Expansion For Various Materials

3 Thermophysical Properties of Methane, Ethane and Ethylene

Figures

1 Asphyxiation Hazard Warning Sign

2 Fire Triangle

3 Toughness (Impact Energy) As A Function of Temperature For Various Materials

4 Brittle Failure of Pipeline

5 Cryogenic Liquid Road Tanker

6 Cryogenic Liquid Rail Tanker

7 Selection of Portable Cryogenic Containers

8 Typical Permit To Work

9 Schematic of Air Separation Process

10 LNG Storage Tank and Bund Wall

11 Ethylene Storage Tank

12 Liquid Hydrogen Storage Tank

13 Typical Liquid Storage Dewar Vessel and Transfer Tube

14 Phase Diagram For Helium


Details

No. of pages:
126
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1991
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483103259

About the Author

Safety British Cryogenics Council