From climate change to farming systems to genetic modification of organisms, Crop Physiology, Second Edition provides a practical tool for understanding the relationships and challenges of successful cropping. With a focus on genetic improvement and agronomy, this book addresses the challenges of environmentally sound production of bulk and quality food, fodder, fiber, and energy which are of ongoing international concern. The second edition of Crop Physiology continues to provide a unique analysis of these topics while reflecting important changes and advances in the relevant science and implementation systems.

Contemporary agriculture confronts the challenge of increasing demand in terms of quantitative and qualitative production targets. These targets have to be achieved against the background of soil and water scarcity, worldwide and regional shifts in the patterns of land use driven by both climate change and the need to develop crop-based sources of energy, and the environmental and social aspects of agricultural sustainability.

Key Features

  • Provides a view of crop physiology as an active source of methods, theories, ideas, and tools for application in genetic improvement and agronomy
  • Written by leading scientists from around the world
  • Combines environment-specific cropping systems and general principles of crop science to appeal to advanced students, and scientists in agriculture-related disciplines, from molecular sciences to natural resources management


Primary: Agronomists; plant geneticists and plant breeding professionals; crop physiologists, ecologists, and ecophysiologists; plant physiologists Secondary: horticultural scientists; those involved with grain and cereal crops and sustainable agriculture; environmental microbiologists Tertiary: Students of plant breeding and crop ecophysiology

Table of Contents

  • List of contributors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1: Crop physiology: applications for breeding and agronomy
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Levels of organization and scalability
    • 3. Book structure and themes
  • Part I: Farming systems
    • Chapter 2: High-yield maize–soybean cropping systems in the US Corn Belt
      • Abstract
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Cropping systems
      • 3. Productivity and resource-use efficiency
      • 4. Challenges to higher yields and efficiencies
      • 5. Concluding remarks
    • Chapter 3: Farming systems in China: Innovations for sustainable crop production
      • Abstract
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. The abiotic environments for crop production
      • 3. Farming system diversity and spatial distribution
      • 4. Yield enhancement via genetic improvement and agronomic innovation
      • 5. Attempts to improve resource-use efficiency
      • 6. Cropping responses and adaptations to warming
      • 7. Concluding remarks
    • Chapter 4: Improving farming systems in northern Europe
      • Abstract
      • 1. Special features of northern European conditions for crop production
      • 2. Adaptation: a matter of crop responses when coping with northern conditions
      • 3. Gaps between potential and actual yields
      • 4. Challenges and practices in attempting to improve sustainability
      • 5. The future and climate change
      • 6. Concluding remarks
    • Chapter 5: Raising productivity of maize-based cropping systems in eastern and southern Africa: Step-wise intensification options
      • Abstract
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Maize-based farming systems in eastern and southern Africa
      • 3. Sustainable intensification of sub-Saharan agriculture
      • 4. Methods


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© 2015
Academic Press
Print ISBN:
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