Criminal Justice Policy and Planning, Fourth Edition, introduces students, practitioners, and policymakers to scientific techniques for analyzing criminal justice problems. It offers a systematic framework for analyzing and improving existing criminal justice interventions, and for planning new methods to maximize chances of success. The term “planned change” covers a wide range of criminal justice policies, programs, and projects that are developed, implemented, revised, abolished, and recreated each year. Poor planning and faulty problem analysis are the main reasons that so many criminal justice interventions fail to live up to expectations. The book begins by discussing the three general approaches to planned change (policy, program, and project) and presenting a seven-stage model for planned change. The remaining chapters cover the most critical and most overlooked stages of planning; setting goals and objectives for change; designing effective policies and programs; action planning, including budgeting and cost projections, and assigning responsibility for completion of specific implementation tasks; program/policy implementation and monitoring; outcome evaluation; and reassessment of programs.

Key Features

  • Chapters are enhanced with outlines, figures, tables, examples, discussion questions, and case studies.
  • Appendix includes a seven-stage checklist for program and policy planning.


Upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in courses on criminal justice policy as well as research methods.

Table of Contents

Preface Acknowledgments About the Authors Introduction 1. Analyzing the Problem Document the Need for Change Describe the History of the Problem Examine Potential Causes of the Problem Examine Previous Interventions Identify Relevant Stakeholders Conducting a Systems Analysis Identify Barriers to Change and Supports for Change 2. Setting Goals and Objectives Identifying Goals and Values The Goals of Criminal Sanctions Normative Values Stating Specific Objectives for Each Goal Seeking Participation in Goal Setting Specifying an Impact Model Identifying Compatible and Incompatible Goals in the Larger System Identifying Needs and Opportunities for Interagency Collaboration The Benefits of Goal Conflict Loose Coupling and Criminal Justice Agencies Conclusion 3. Designing the Program or Policy Choosing an Intervention Approach Designing a Program Designing a Policy Conclusion 4. Action Planning Identify Resources Needed and Make Cost Projections Plan to Acquire or Reallocate Resources Specify Dates by Which Implementation Tasks Will Be Accomplished Develop Mechanisms of Self-Regulation Specify a Plan to Build and Maintain Support Conclusion 5. Program/Policy Implementation and Monitoring Outline the Major Questions for Monitoring Instruments to Collect Monitoring Data Fiscal Monitoring Making Adjustments to the Resource Plan Designate Responsibility to Collect, Store, and Analyze Data Develop Information System Capacities Develop Mechanisms to Provide Feedback to Stakeholders Conclusion 6.


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© 2013
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