Criminal Investigation: A Method for Reconstructing the Past is written to educate readers about how detective work should be conducted and how to clarify the investigative process. The text includes a comprehensive discussion of the fundamentals of criminal investigations and the method for reconstructing an event or crime. The ideas presented in this book are based on three major sources of information: people, physical evidence, and records. The authors organize the parts of the text into three sections. The first section covers the foundation and principles of criminal investigation, including responsibilities and attributes of an investigator; interpretation of physical evidence; discovery of crime scenes; and the preservation, collection and transmission of evidence. Included in this division of the text is the illustration and discussion of the methods of seeking and obtaining information from people and records; followed by the discussion about surveillance, witness identification and interrogation procedures. The second part of the book covers the application of the principles discussed in the first section to criminal investigation. It includes the procedures of reconstructing the past events and the crime, and constitutional law, which forms the appropriate methods of criminal investigation and the categories of crimes. The last section of the book presents numerous special topics such as the emergence of crime, terrorism and urban disorder, computers and technological crime, and enterprise crime. The book is written for students, beginners, non-experts and professionals in the criminal justice field.

Table of Contents

Dedication Acknowledgments Preface Section I The Foundation and Principles of Criminal Investigation     Part A Sources and Uses of Information          1 The Investigator: Responsibilities and Attributes; Origins and Trends          2 Physical Evidence: Development, Interpretation, Investigative Value          3 The Crime Scene: Discovery, Preservation, Collection, and Transmission of Evidence          4 People as a Source of Information     Part B Seeking and Obtaining Information: People and Records          5 Records and Files: Investigative Uses and Sources          6 Interviews: Obtaining Information from Witnesses          7 Informants: Cultivation and Motivation     Part C Follow-Up Measures: Reaping Information          8 Surveillance: A Fact-finding Tool—Legality and Practice          9 Eyewitness Identification: Guidelines and Procedures          10 Interrogation: Purpose and Principles          11 Interrogation of Suspects and Hostile Witnesses: Guidelines and Procedures Section II Applying the Principles to Criminal Investigation          12 Managing Criminal Investigations          13 Reconstructing the Past: Methods, Evidence, Examples          14 Crime and Constitutional Law: The Foundations of Criminal Investigation          15 Evidence and Effective Testimony          16 Homicide          17 Robbery          18 Rape and Other Sex Crimes          19 Burglary          20 Arson and Explosives Section III Special Topics     21 Increasing Threats and Emerging Crime          Introduction          Identity Theft          Internet Fraud          Exploitation of Women and Children          Home Invasions          Con Games          Thefts of Paintings and Cultural Objects          Copies and “Knockoffs”          Body Parts          School and Workplace Violence          Satanism, Cults, and Ritual Crime          Notes          Supplemental Readings     22 Terrorism and Urban Disorder          Introduction        


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© 2010
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