Crime Scene Investigation Laboratory Manual

Crime Scene Investigation Laboratory Manual

2nd Edition - January 5, 2018

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  • Author: Marilyn Miller
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128128459
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128128466

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Description

Crime Scene Investigation Laboratory Manual, Second Edition, is written by a former crime scene investigator and forensic scientist who provides practical, straightforward, and immediately applicable best practices. Readers will learn the latest techniques and procedures, including deconstructing first responder contamination, the preliminary walk-through, utilizing associative evidence, enhancing trace, biological and chemical evidence, and reconstructing scenes through wound dynamics, glass fracture patterns, bloodstain patterns, ballistics, and more. This lab manual provides information and examples for all aspects of crime scene investigation. In addition, included exercises teach the proper techniques for securing, documenting and searing a crime scene, how to visualize or enhance the evidence found, how to package and preserve the evidence, and how to reconstruct what happened at the crime scene. This manual is intended to accompany any crime scene investigation textbook.

Key Features

  • Designed to complement any text used in crime scene investigation courses
  • Contains over 20+ proven exercises and material from actual crime scenes, providing students with hands-on learning
  • Written by an experienced educator and former crime scene investigator/forensic scientist

Readership

Primary courses in crime scene investigation, taught in both forensic science and criminal justice programs, and law enforcement training programs

Table of Contents

  • SECTION I
    Exercise A: Defining a Crime Scene
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Exercise B: Physical Evidence at Crime Scenes
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Exercise C: Locard Exchange Principle
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    SECTION II
    Exercise D: First Responders at Crime Scenes
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Exercise E: Crime Scene Security
    Multilevel Crime Scene Security
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Exercise F:Preliminary Scene Survey
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    SECTION III
    Exercise G: Crime Scene Documentation: Notes
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Exercise H: Crime Scene Documentation: Videography
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Exercise I: Crime Scene Documentation: Photography
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
    Special Topic: Laser Scanners at Crime Scenes
     
    Exercise J: Crime Scene Documentation: Sketching
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    SECTION IV
    Exercise K: Physical Searches
    Objectives of a Crime Scene Search
    General Concepts of Crime Scene Searches
    Crime Scene Search Patterns
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Exercise L: Visualization and Enhancement: Lighting Aids
    Specific Evidence Applications
    Photographic Methods
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Exercise M: Visualization and Enhancement: Biological Evidence
    Biological Evidence and Pattern Enhancement Reagents
    Field Tests for Biological Evidence
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Exercise N: Visualization and Enhancement: Chemical Evidence
    Tests for Gunshot Residue (GSR)
    Tests for Explosive Residues
    Tests for Controlled Substances and Drugs
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Exercise O: Visualization and Enhancement: Combination Methods
    Impression Evidence
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Exercise P: Packaging, Preservation, and Collection of Evidence
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    SECTION V
    Exercise Q: Final Scene Survey
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Exercise R: Crime Scene Reconstruction: Wound Dynamics
    Wound Dynamics
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Exercise S: Crime Scene Reconstruction: Glass Fracture Patterns
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Exercise T: Crime Scene Reconstruction: Bloodstain Patterns I
    Basic Bloodstain Patterns
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Exercise U: Crime Scene Reconstruction: Bloodstain Patterns II
    Impacted Bloodstain Spatters Pattern
    Repetitive Dripping Patterns
    Arterial Gushes (Projected Blood)
    Point of Origin of Bloodshed Determinations
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Exercise V: Crime Scene Reconstruction: Shooting Investigations
    Muzzle-to-Target Distance Determinations
    Methods for Trajectory Determinations
    Experimentation of Trajectories
    Projectiles and Casings
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Exercise W: Crime Scene Reconstruction: Report Writing and Mock Scene Reconstruction
    Laboratory Data Sheet
    Discussion Questions
     
    Answer Bank for Discussion Questions
    Appendix I: Solutions and Reagents
    Appendix II: Glossary of Terms
    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 264
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2018
  • Published: January 5, 2018
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128128459
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128128466

About the Author

Marilyn Miller

Marilyn Miller
Marilyn Miller is a graduate of Florida Southern College with a bachelor’s degree in chemistry. She earned a master’s degree in forensic chemistry from the University of Pittsburgh and a Doctorate in Education from Johnson & Wales University in post-secondary educational leadership. Miller is a tenured, associate professor in the Department of Forensic Science at Virginia Commonwealth University. As a post-secondary educator for almost twenty years, she teaches a wide variety of forensic science and crime scene investigation classes to both forensic science and criminal justice majors at the undergraduate and graduate levels. She is a Fellow in the Criminalistics section of the American Academy of Forensic Science, the Southern Association of Forensic Scientists and the American Chemical Society. Miller is a former faculty member at the University of New Haven and the Henry Lee Institute of Forensic Science/ National Crime Scene Training Center. She has presented and taught as part of hundreds of forensic seminars across the United States and foreign countries. She is the author or co-author for several textbooks or chapters concerning crime scene investigation or reconstruction and forensic science. Before coming to VCU, she worked as a supervisor and forensic scientist for law enforcement agencies in North Carolina, Pennsylvania and Florida. She has testified over 400 times in county, state and federal courts of law as an expert witness in the field of forensic sciences and crime scene reconstruction. She has participated in hundreds of crime scene investigations, both as an active investigator. Currently, she also serves as a consultant for both prosecutors and defense attorneys. Miller designed, opened and operated crime scene units and forensic laboratories on the West Coast of Florida for over ten years.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Forensic Science, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA

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