Crime Scene Investigation Laboratory Manual

Crime Scene Investigation Laboratory Manual

1st Edition - December 7, 2013
There is a Newer Edition Available
  • Author: Marilyn Miller
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124058736

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Description

Crime Scene Investigation Laboratory Manual provides information, examples, and exercises for all aspects of crime scene investigation. The exercises will teach the proper techniques for securing, documenting, and searching a crime scene, how to visualize or enhance the evidence found, how to package and preserve the evidence, and how to reconstruct what happened at the crime scene. This manual is intended to accompany any crime scene investigation textbook. Written by a former crime scene investigator and forensic scientist, the information is practical, straightforward, and will be immediately applicable. Learn all the latest techniques and procedures including deconstructing first responder contamination, the preliminary walk-through, utilizing associative evidence, enhancing trace, biological, and chemical evidence, and reconstructing scenes through wound dynamics, glass fracture patterns, bloodstain patterns, ballistics, and more.

Key Features

  • Designed to complement any text used in crime scene investigation courses
  • Over 20+ proven exercises with material from actual crime scenes, providing students with hands-on learning
  • Written by an experienced educator and former crime scene investigator/forensic scientist

Readership

Upper level undergraduate,  graduate level forensic science students, instructors, law enforcement training academies, crime scene units.

Table of Contents

  • Preface and Introduction

    Purpose/Summary of the Manual

    Coverage and Approach/Table of Contents

    Foreword

    Acknowledgements

    Section I: Crime Scene Investigation: Scientific Methodology and Physical Evidence

    Exercise A. Defining a Crime Scene

    Objective

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise B. Physical Evidence at Crime Scenes

    Objective

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise C. Locard Exchange Principle

    Objective

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Section II: Initial Responsibilities and Beginning Scientific Crime Scene Investigation

    Exercise D. First Responders at Crime Scenes

    Objective

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise E. Crime Scene Security

    Objective

    Multilevel Crime Scene Security

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise F. Preliminary Scene Survey

    Objective

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Section III: Crime Scene Documentation

    Exercise G. Crime Scene Documentation: Notes

    Objective

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise H. Crime Scene Documentation: Videography

    Objective

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise I. Crime Scene Documentation: Photography

    Objective

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Special Topic: Laser Scanners at Crime Scenes

    Exercise J. Crime Scene Documentation: Sketching

    Objective

    Laborsatory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Section IV: Physical Evidence at Crime Scenes

    Exercise K. Physical Searches

    Objective

    Objectives of a Crime Scene Search

    General Concepts of Crime Scene Searches

    Crime Scene Search Patterns

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise L. Visualization and Enhancement: Lighting Aids

    Objective

    Specific Evidence Applications

    Photographic Methods

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise M. Visualization and Enhancement: Biological Evidence

    Objective

    Biological Evidence Enhancement Reagents

    Field Tests for Biological Evidence

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise N. Visualization and Enhancement: Chemical Evidence

    Objective

    Tests for Gunshot Residue (GSR)

    Tests for Explosive Residues

    Tests for Controlled Substances and Drugs

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise O. Visualization and Enhancement: Combination Methods

    Objective

    Impression Evidence

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise P. Packaging, Preservation, and Collection of Evidence

    Objective

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Section V: Crime Scene Reconstruction

    Exercise Q. Final Scene Survey

    Objective

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise R. Crime Scene Reconstruction: Wound Dynamics

    Objective

    Wound Dynamics

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise S. Crime Scene Reconstruction: Glass Fracture Patterns

    Objective

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise T. Crime Scene Reconstruction: Bloodstain Patterns I

    Objective

    Basic Bloodstain Patterns

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise U. Crime Scene Reconstruction: Bloodstain Patterns II

    Objective

    Impacted Bloodstain Spatters Pattern

    Repetitive Dripping Patterns

    Arterial Gushes (Projected Blood)

    Point of Origin of Bloodshed Determinations

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise V. Crime Scene Reconstruction: Shooting Investigations

    Objective

    Muzzle-to-Target Distance Determinations

    Methods for Trajectory Determinations

    Experimentation of Trajectories

    Projectiles and Casings

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise W. Crime Scene Reconstruction: Mock Scene Reconstruction

    Objective

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Exercise X. Crime Scene Reconstruction: Report Writing

    Objective

    Laboratory Data Sheet

    Discussion Questions

    Appendix. Solutions and Reagents

    Acid phosphatase

    Alcohol potassium hydroxide solution

    Amido black

    Cobalt thiocyanate reagent

    Coomassie blue

    Crowle’s double stain

    Dille-Koppanyi reagent

    Diphenylamine (DPA) reagent

    Greiss Reagent

    Kastle-Meyer or phenolphthalein reagent

    Leucocrystal violet (LCV)

    Luminol

    Mandelin reagent

    Marquis reagent

    Methylene blue solution

    Ninhydrin

    O-Tolidine

    Small particle reagent (SPR)

    Tetramethylbenzideine (TMB)

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 288
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2014
  • Published: December 7, 2013
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124058736
  • About the Author

    Marilyn Miller

    Marilyn Miller
    Marilyn Miller is a graduate of Florida Southern College with a bachelor’s degree in chemistry. She earned a master’s degree in forensic chemistry from the University of Pittsburgh and a Doctorate in Education from Johnson & Wales University in post-secondary educational leadership. Miller is a tenured, associate professor in the Department of Forensic Science at Virginia Commonwealth University. As a post-secondary educator for almost twenty years, she teaches a wide variety of forensic science and crime scene investigation classes to both forensic science and criminal justice majors at the undergraduate and graduate levels. She is a Fellow in the Criminalistics section of the American Academy of Forensic Science, the Southern Association of Forensic Scientists and the American Chemical Society. Miller is a former faculty member at the University of New Haven and the Henry Lee Institute of Forensic Science/ National Crime Scene Training Center. She has presented and taught as part of hundreds of forensic seminars across the United States and foreign countries. She is the author or co-author for several textbooks or chapters concerning crime scene investigation or reconstruction and forensic science. Before coming to VCU, she worked as a supervisor and forensic scientist for law enforcement agencies in North Carolina, Pennsylvania and Florida. She has testified over 400 times in county, state and federal courts of law as an expert witness in the field of forensic sciences and crime scene reconstruction. She has participated in hundreds of crime scene investigations, both as an active investigator. Currently, she also serves as a consultant for both prosecutors and defense attorneys. Miller designed, opened and operated crime scene units and forensic laboratories on the West Coast of Florida for over ten years.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Department of Forensic Science, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA