Crime Prevention - 7th Edition - ISBN: 9781422463277, 9781437778922

Crime Prevention

7th Edition

Approaches, Practices and Evaluations

Authors: Steven Lab
eBook ISBN: 9781437778922
Imprint: Anderson
Published Date: 1st April 2010
Page Count: 380

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Description

Crime Prevention: Approaches, Practices, and Evaluations explores research on crime prevention. The principles and strategies discussed are categorically organized as primary, secondary, and tertiary preventions. Primary prevention is designed to prevent conditions that foster deviance, secondary prevention is for conditions and persons with a high potential for deviance, and the tertiary category is for persons who have already committed offences.

The book is divided into three sections all of which are based on the three levels of crime prevention. The introductory part of the book covers the crime and its fundamentals such as victimization, the costs of crime, divergent findings about crime and fear, and the development of crime prevention and evaluation. Section 1 presents primary prevention and its principles and methods; sections 2 and 3 cover secondary and tertiary prevention, respectively, including discussions about situational prevention, partnerships for crime prevention and the politics of prevention procedures. The chapters in each section include up-to-date tables and outlines, key terms, learning objectives, Web links and glossary.

Students, novices, and practitioners in the criminal justice field, advanced upper-level programs and courses, professional criminalists, and police and law enforcement officers will find this text an essential reference.

Key Features

  • Key terms and learning objectives supplement each chapter.
  • A glossary defines terms from the text.

Readership

Students and beginning professionals in the criminal justice field.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1 Crime and the Fear of Crime

The Problem of Crime in Society

Official Measures of Crime

Measuring Victimization

Summary

The Costs of Crime/Victimization

The Fear of Crime

The Discovery of Fear

Defining Fear

Measuring Fear

The Level of Fear

Fear and Crime

Fear and Demographics

Explaining the Divergent Findings

Fear Summary

Summary

Chapter 2 Crime Prevention

Crime Prevention Through the Ages

Summary

Defining Crime Prevention

The Crime Prevention Model

Primary Crime Prevention

Secondary Crime Prevention

Tertiary Crime Prevention

Alternate Models and Crime Science

Summary

Chapter 3 Evaluation and Crime Prevention

Types of Evaluation

Impact Evaluation

Process Evaluation

Cost-Benefit Evaluations

Theory and Measurement in Evaluation

Theoretical Concerns

Measurement Issues

Follow-Up Periods

Summary

The Method for Evaluation

Experimental Design

Realistic Evaluation

Summary

An Overview of the Book

Section I Primary Prevention

Chapter 4 The Physical Environment and Crime

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

Implementation of Environmental Design

The Impact of Physical Design

Product Design

Incivility, Disorder, and Crime

Summary

Chapter 5 Neighborhood Crime Prevention

Types of Neighborhood Crime Prevention Approaches

Evaluation of Neighborhood Crime Prevention

Citizen Participation and Support

Chapter Summary

Chapter 6 Displacement and Diffusion

Crime Displacement

Diffusion

Offender Choice and Mobility

Evidence of Displacement and Diffusion

Implications of Displacement and Diffusion

Chapter 7 The Mass Media and Crime Prevention

The Media and Crime

Mass Media Crime Prevention Activities

The Media’s Responsibility for Crime Prevention

Summary

Chapter 8 General Deterrence

Deterrence

Perceptions and Deterrence

Summary

Section II Secondary Prevention

Chapter 9 Prediction for Secondary Prevention

Predicting Future Offending

Risk Factors and Prediction

Predicting Places and Events

Implications for Crime Prevention

Chapter 10 Situational Crime Prevention

The Growth of Situational Prevention

The Theoretical Basis

The Process of Situational Prevention

Situational Typologies

Issues and Concerns with Situational Prevention

Situational Prevention Studies

Summary

Chapter 11 Partnerships for Crime Prevention

Community Policing

Problem Identification

Partnership Efforts and Assessment

Successful Partnerships

Summary

Chapter 12 Drugs, Crime, and Crime Prevention

The Scope of Drug Use

The Drugs-Crime Connection

Interventions and Prevention

Drugs and Crime Prevention

Chapter 13 The School and Crime Prevention

Theoretical Views

Educational Factors and Delinquency

School Programs for Delinquency Prevention

The Future of School/Educational Programs in Crime Prevention

Section III Tertiary Prevention

Chapter 14 Specific Deterrence and Incapacitation

The Specific Deterrent Effect of Criminal Sanctions

Incapacitation

Future Implications

Chapter 15 Rehabilitation

The “What Works?” Argument

Evaluations of Recent Rehabilitation Programs

Assessing Rehabilitation and Crime Prevention

Chapter 16 Some Closing Thoughts on Crime Prevention and the Future

The State of the Evidence

Improving Our Knowledge

Recognizing the Diversity in Crime Prevention

Summary

Glossary

References

Name Index

Subject Index




Details

No. of pages:
380
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Anderson 2010
Published:
Imprint:
Anderson
eBook ISBN:
9781437778922

About the Author

Steven Lab

Steven P. Lab is Professor and Director of the Criminal Justice Program and Chair of the Department of Human Services at Bowling Green State University. His research interests include victims of crime, crime prevention, juvenile delinquency, and school crime. Lab received his Ph.D. in Criminology from Florida State University in 1982. He has been a faculty member at Bowling Green since 1987. His primary research interests are in crime prevention and juvenile justice; he is the author of three textbooks and two edited works, and has published more than 30 articles on various topics.

Affiliations and Expertise

Bowling Green State University

Ratings and Reviews