Credibility Assessment

1st Edition

Scientific Research and Applications

Print ISBN: 9780123944337
eBook ISBN: 9780123947826
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 7th February 2014
Page Count: 416
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In 2001, the late Murray Kleiner and an array of experts contributed to the Handbook of Polygraph Testing, published by Elsevier, which examined the fundamental principles behind polygraph tests and reviewed the key tests and methods used at that time. In the intervening thirteen years, the field has moved beyond traditional polygraph testing to include a host of biometrics and behavioral observations. The new title reflects the breadth of methods now used.

Credibility Assessment builds on the content provided in the Kleiner volume, with revised polygraph testing chapters and chapters on newer methodologies, such as CNS, Ocular-motor, and behavioral measures. Deception detection is a major field of interest in criminal investigation and prosecution, national security screening, and screening at ports of entry. Many of these methods have a long history, e.g., polygraph examinations, and some rely on relatively new technologies, e.g., fMRI and Ocular-motor measurements. Others rely on behavioral observations of persons in less restricted settings, e.g., airport screening. The authors, all of whom are internationally-recognized experts associated with major universities in the United States, United Kingdom, and Europe, review and analyze various methods for the detection of deception, their current applications, and major issues and controversies surrounding their uses. This volume will be of great interest among forensic psychologists, psychophysiologists, polygraph examiners, law enforcement, courts, attorneys, and government agencies.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive review of all aspects of methods for deception detection
  • Includes methods being used in credibility, such as autonomic, CNS, fMRI, and Ocular-motor measures and behavioral and facial observation
  • Edited by leaders in the field with over 25+ years of experience
  • Discusses theory and application


Forensic psychologists, psychophysiologists, attorneys, and government agencies

Table of Contents





Chapter 1. Strategic Use of Evidence During Investigative Interviews: The State of the Science



General Findings on Deception and its Detection

Eliciting Cues to Deception: Strategic Questioning Approaches

SUE: Theoretical Principles

Translating Psychological Theory into Interview Tactics

Meta-Analytic Review of SUE Research

Summary and Concluding Remarks


Chapter 2. Credibility Assessment at Portals


Overview of the Problem

The US Government’s Response to the 9-11 Attack

Unique Aspects of the Portal Setting

Related Scientific Literature

A Science-Based Approach to the Portal Screening Problem

Eliciting Cues to Deception, Guilt, and Malintent: The Psychology of Investigative Interviewing

Consequences for Portals


Chapter 3. Validity of Polygraph Techniques and Decision Methods




Common Characteristics of All Comparison Question Tests

Comparison Question Tests

Utah Probable-Lie Test

Utah Directed-Lie Test

Overall Validity of Comparison Question Tests

Methods for Determining Test Outcomes

Comparison of Scoring Methods

Applied Issues

Summary and Conclusions


Chapter 4. Countermeasures and Credibility Assessment



Spontaneous Countermeasures

Information Countermeasures

SP Countermeasures

Pharmacological Amnesia: A New Countermeasure Threat?

Possible Solutions to the Problems of Countermeasures

Current Anti-Countermeasure Training

A Theoretical Description of the Mechanism of Effective Countermeasures

The Future of Scientific Rese


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Academic Press
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“This book provides a current review of the scientific basis for credibility assessment. Because credibility assessment is a multidisciplinary endeavor, an edited volume provides the best opportunity for a broad view of the field. Together, these seven chapters provide a valuable resource for researchers, practitioners, and decision makers.”-- Journal of Forensic Psychology,Volume 6, 2014