Creativity

Creativity

Theories and Themes: Research, Development, and Practice

2nd Edition - February 27, 2014

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  • Author: Mark Runco
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124105225
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124105126

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Description

An integrative introduction to the theories and themes in research on creativity, the second edition of Creativity is both a reference work and text for courses in this burgeoning area of research. The book begins with a discussion of the theories of creativity (Person, Product, Process, Place), the general question of whether creativity is influenced by nature or nurture, what research has indicated of the personality and style of creative individuals from a personality analysis standpoint, and how social context affects creativity. This wide-ranging work then proceeds to coverage of issues such as gender differences, whether creativity can be enhanced, if creativity is related to poor mental or physical health, and much more. The book contains boxes covering special interest items, including one-page biographies of famous creative individuals, and activities for a group or individual to test or encourage creativity, as well as references to Internet sites relating to creativity.

Key Features

  • Includes all major theories and perspectives on creativity
  • Consolidates recent research into a single source
  • Includes key terms defined and text boxes with interesting related material
  • Single authored for clarity and consistency of presentation

Readership

Researchers and applied professionals interested in creativity, Div 10 APA, profs teaching creativity as a course

Table of Contents

  • Dedication

    Preface

    1: Cognition and Creativity

    Introduction

    Creativity and Intelligence

    Analogical Thinking and Metaphor

    Transformational Capacity

    Problem Solving

    Problem Finding

    Stage Models of Creative Cognition

    Restructuring and Insight

    Experience, Expertise, Information, and Insight

    Intuition

    Unconscious Processes and Creative Cognition

    Perception and Creativity

    Synaesthesia

    Mindfulness

    Overinclusive Thinking

    Conclusions

    2: Developmental Trends and Influences on Creativity

    Introduction

    Trends and Stages of Development

    Peer Status and Creativity

    Adult Development

    Conclusions

    3: Biological Perspectives on Creativity

    Introduction

    Hemispheric Asymmetry and the Split Brain

    Handedness and Hemisphericity

    Brain Waves and the Electroencephalogram

    Prefrontal Cortex

    Hierarchies within the Brain

    The Cerebellum and Creativity

    The Emotional Brain

    Manipulations of the Human Brain

    The Brain of Albert Einstein

    Altered States and Brain Function

    Different Tasks, Different Structures, and Networks

    Genetic Basis of Creative Potential

    Conclusions

    4: Health and Clinical Perspectives

    Introduction

    Affective Disorders

    Affect and Mood

    Suicide

    Stress

    Anxiety

    Alcoholism and Drug Abuse

    Primary and Secondary Process

    Psychosis and Psychoticism

    ADHD and Creativity

    Physical Impairments

    Adaptability and Maladaptations

    Encouraging Creativity

    Self-Actualization and the Courage to Create

    Conclusions

    5: Social, Attributional, and Organizational Perspectives

    Introduction

    Social Influences on Environments and Settings

    Social Judgment

    Concerns with Social and Attributional Perspectives

    Bias in Social Judgment

    Collaboration and Creativity

    Competition and Creativity

    Person–Environment Interactions

    Professional Marginality

    Organizational Theories

    Organizational Climate

    Leaders and Leadership

    Organizational Attitude

    Communitarianism and Creativity

    Aggregate Creativity and Society at Large

    Human Capital and the Creative Class

    Conclusions

    6: Educational Perspectives

    Introduction

    The Ideal Student

    Implicit Theories of Teachers

    Teaching Experience

    Classroom Environment and Setting

    Teachers and Mentors

    Ego Strength and Self-Efficacy

    Creative Attitudes

    Enhancing Imagery and Artistic Skills

    Problem Finding and Education

    Remote Models

    Brainstorming

    Information and Creativity

    Explicit Instructions

    Learning Theories

    Goodbye Teacher

    Generalization and Maintenance

    Meta-Cognition

    Disadvantaged Children and Reinforcement

    Gifted Students

    Conclusions

    7: History and Historiometry

    Introduction

    Historical Analyses

    Prehistory

    Zeitgeist as Historical Process

    A Genius Ahead of His or Her Time?

    Multiple Discoveries and Simultaneities

    Tools and Creativity

    Lamarckian Evolution and Change

    Domain Differences and Domain-Specific Microgeister

    Creating our Sense of Self

    Economic Changes Influencing Culture and History

    Creativity in Portland, Oregon

    Serendipity

    War and Religion

    Trigger Effects and Emergenesis

    Matthew, Pygmalion, and Founder Effects

    The Individual in History

    Limitations and Disadvantages of the Historical Approach

    Productivity

    Reputational Paths

    Art History

    Romanticism

    Creativity in Social Context

    Conclusions

    8: Culture and Creativity

    Introduction

    Collectivism and Creativity

    Families, Education, and Values

    Cross-Cultural Comparison Error

    Stop Rules, Conventions, and Cultural Inhibition

    Tolerance, Talent, and Technology

    Empirical Studies

    Family and Education

    Cultural Traditions and Creativity

    Creativity in Organizations and Business

    Cultural Products and Processes

    Implicit Theories

    Cultural Metaphors for Creativity

    Conclusions

    9: Personality and Motivation

    Introduction

    Personality Assessment and Research

    Longitudinal Studies

    Personality of Art Students

    Autonomy, Independence, and Nonconformity

    Self-Control

    Controlled Weirdness

    Deviance

    Psychoticism

    Impulsivity and Adventurousness

    Contrarianism

    Childlike Tendencies, Playfulness, Daydreaming, and Paracosms

    Perseverance and Persistence

    Openness to Experience

    Anxiety

    Tolerance of Ambiguity

    Sensitivity

    Confidence

    Self-Promotion

    Introversion

    Paradoxical Personalities and ANTINOMIES

    Self-Actualization

    Motivation

    Values

    Creative Personal Identity and Creative Personal Efficacy

    Values, Risk Tolerance, and Psychological Androgyny

    Conclusions

    10: Creativity and Politics

    Creative Political Products

    Which Specific Political Factors Influence Creativity?

    Individualism and Freedom

    Political Events

    Conservatism

    Conclusions

    11: Creativity and Philosophy

    Philosophy in Everyday Decision Making

    Subjectivity and Objectivity

    Existentialism and the Creative Synthesis of Opposites

    Transcendence

    Philosophy of Science

    Philosophy and Art

    Pragmatism

    Conclusions

    12: Enhancement and the Fulfillment of Potential

    Introduction

    Tactical Creativity and Metacognition

    Shift Perspectives

    Turn the Situation Upside Down

    Find or Apply an Analogy

    Borrow, Adapt, or Steal Tactics

    Consider the Natural World

    Simplify

    Experiment

    Deviation Amplification

    Persistence

    Travel

    Question Assumptions

    Redefine the Problem or Situation

    Keep an Open Mind

    Contrarianism

    Don’t be a Damn Fool

    Let it Happen

    Avoidance Tactics

    Flexible Use of Tactics

    Programs and Multiple Step Methods for Creative Thinking

    Ideal

    Tactics for Organizations

    Competition

    Enhancement in the Classroom

    Creativity and Education of Older Adults

    Tactics Specifically for Discovery

    Techniques for Invention

    Triz

    Analyses of Enhancement Efforts

    Conclusions

    13: Conclusion: What Creativity is and What it is Not

    Introduction

    Imagination

    Originality

    Innovation and Creativity

    Invention Versus Creativity

    Discovery and Creativity

    Discovery of Chaos

    Serendipity and Chance

    Creativity as Irrational or Rational

    Pseudo-Creativity

    Art and Mating Display and the Reproductive Benefits

    Flexibility

    Proactive Creativity

    Distribution of Creative Talents

    Conclusions

    Final Comments

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 520
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2014
  • Published: February 27, 2014
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124105225
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124105126

About the Author

Mark Runco

Mark Runco
Mark Runco, Director of Creativity Research & Programming, Southern Oregon University, Ashland OR, USA Mark Runco earned his Ph.D. in cognitive psychology from the Claremont Graduate School in California and has studied creativity ever since. He is currently a Director of Creativity Research & Programming, Southern Oregon University, Ashland OR, USA He began his teaching career as an assistant professor of psychology at the University of Hawaii, Hilo. He then taught at Cal State Fullerton for 22 years. He was also an adjunct professor at the Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration for nearly 15 years and lectured regularly at Universidad de Cantabria in Spain and Shaanxi Normal University in Xi'an, China. He is a distinguished consulting faculty member at the Saybrook Graduate University in San Francisco and remains on the University of Georgia Graduate Faculty Mark developed nine seminars on creativity, including "Creativity: What It Is and What It Is Not," "The Assessment of Creativity," "Creative Cognition," and "Social Contexts for Creativity." He is Fellow and past president of Division 10 (Psychology, Art, Creativity, and Aesthetics) of the American Psychological Association. Mark also founded the Creativity Research Journal, which he still edits, along with two new journals: Business Creativity and the Creative Economy, and the Journal of Genius and Eminence. In 2010, Mark published the "rCAB" (Runco Creativity Assessment Battery), a comprehensive battery of tests for the assessment of creativity. He has published over 300 articles, chapters, and books on creativity, its measurement and enhancement. His textbook Creativity: Theories and Themes: Research, Development, and Practice has been translated into 10 languages. The 3rd edition will be published in 2020. He also was an Editor-in-Chief of the Encyclopedia of Creativity, which was published in 1999 and the second edition, which was published in 2011.

Affiliations and Expertise

Torrance Center for Creativity and Talent Development, USA; Director of Creativity Research & Programming, Southern Oregon University, Ashland OR, USA

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