Creativity - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780124105126, 9780124105225

Creativity

2nd Edition

Theories and Themes: Research, Development, and Practice

Authors: Mark Runco
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124105126
eBook ISBN: 9780124105225
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 10th March 2014
Page Count: 520
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Description

An integrative introduction to the theories and themes in research on creativity, the second edition of Creativity is both a reference work and text for courses in this burgeoning area of research. The book begins with a discussion of the theories of creativity (Person, Product, Process, Place), the general question of whether creativity is influenced by nature or nurture, what research has indicated of the personality and style of creative individuals from a personality analysis standpoint, and how social context affects creativity. This wide-ranging work then proceeds to coverage of issues such as gender differences, whether creativity can be enhanced, if creativity is related to poor mental or physical health, and much more.

The book contains boxes covering special interest items, including one-page biographies of famous creative individuals, and activities for a group or individual to test or encourage creativity, as well as references to Internet sites relating to creativity.

Key Features

  • Includes all major theories and perspectives on creativity
  • Consolidates recent research into a single source
  • Includes key terms defined and text boxes with interesting related material
  • Single authored for clarity and consistency of presentation

Readership

Researchers and applied professionals interested in creativity, Div 10 APA, profs teaching creativity as a course

Table of Contents

Dedication

Preface

1: Cognition and Creativity

Introduction

Creativity and Intelligence

Analogical Thinking and Metaphor

Transformational Capacity

Problem Solving

Problem Finding

Stage Models of Creative Cognition

Restructuring and Insight

Experience, Expertise, Information, and Insight

Intuition

Unconscious Processes and Creative Cognition

Perception and Creativity

Synaesthesia

Mindfulness

Overinclusive Thinking

Conclusions

2: Developmental Trends and Influences on Creativity

Introduction

Trends and Stages of Development

Peer Status and Creativity

Adult Development

Conclusions

3: Biological Perspectives on Creativity

Introduction

Hemispheric Asymmetry and the Split Brain

Handedness and Hemisphericity

Brain Waves and the Electroencephalogram

Prefrontal Cortex

Hierarchies within the Brain

The Cerebellum and Creativity

The Emotional Brain

Manipulations of the Human Brain

The Brain of Albert Einstein

Altered States and Brain Function

Different Tasks, Different Structures, and Networks

Genetic Basis of Creative Potential

Conclusions

4: Health and Clinical Perspectives

Introduction

Affective Disorders

Affect and Mood

Suicide

Stress

Anxiety

Alcoholism and Drug Abuse

Primary and Secondary Process

Psychosis and Psychoticism

ADHD and Creativity

Physical Impairments

Adaptability and Maladaptations

Encouraging Creativity

Self-Actualization and the Courage to Create

Conclusions

5: Social, Attributional, and Organizational Perspectives

Introduction

Social Influences on Environments and Settings

Social Judgment

Concerns with Social and Attributional Perspectives

Bias in Social Judgment

Collaboration and Creativity

Competition and Creativity

Person–Environment Interactions

Professional Marginality

Organizational Theories

Organizational Climate

Leaders and Leadership

Organizational Attitude

Communitarianism and Creativity

Aggregate Creativity and Society at Large

Human Capital and the Creative Class

Conclusions

6: Educational Perspectives

Introduction

The Ideal Student

Implicit Theories of Teachers

Teaching Experience

Classroom Environment and Setting

Teachers and Mentors

Ego Strength and Self-Efficacy

Creative Attitudes

Enhancing Imagery and Artistic Skills

Problem Finding and Education

Remote Models

Brainstorming

Information and Creativity

Explicit Instructions

Learning Theories

Goodbye Teacher

Generalization and Maintenance

Meta-Cognition

Disadvantaged Children and Reinforcement

Gifted Students

Conclusions

7: History and Historiometry

Introduction

Historical Analyses

Prehistory

Zeitgeist as Historical Process

A Genius Ahead of His or Her Time?

Multiple Discoveries and Simultaneities

Tools and Creativity

Lamarckian Evolution and Change

Domain Differences and Domain-Specific Microgeister

Creating our Sense of Self

Economic Changes Influencing Culture and History

Creativity in Portland, Oregon

Serendipity

War and Religion

Trigger Effects and Emergenesis

Matthew, Pygmalion, and Founder Effects

The Individual in History

Limitations and Disadvantages of the Historical Approach

Productivity

Reputational Paths

Art History

Romanticism

Creativity in Social Context

Conclusions

8: Culture and Creativity

Introduction

Collectivism and Creativity

Families, Education, and Values

Cross-Cultural Comparison Error

Stop Rules, Conventions, and Cultural Inhibition

Tolerance, Talent, and Technology

Empirical Studies

Family and Education

Cultural Traditions and Creativity

Creativity in Organizations and Business

Cultural Products and Processes

Implicit Theories

Cultural Metaphors for Creativity

Conclusions

9: Personality and Motivation

Introduction

Personality Assessment and Research

Longitudinal Studies

Personality of Art Students

Autonomy, Independence, and Nonconformity

Self-Control

Controlled Weirdness

Deviance

Psychoticism

Impulsivity and Adventurousness

Contrarianism

Childlike Tendencies, Playfulness, Daydreaming, and Paracosms

Perseverance and Persistence

Openness to Experience

Anxiety

Tolerance of Ambiguity

Sensitivity

Confidence

Self-Promotion

Introversion

Paradoxical Personalities and ANTINOMIES

Self-Actualization

Motivation

Values

Creative Personal Identity and Creative Personal Efficacy

Values, Risk Tolerance, and Psychological Androgyny

Conclusions

10: Creativity and Politics

Creative Political Products

Which Specific Political Factors Influence Creativity?

Individualism and Freedom

Political Events

Conservatism

Conclusions

11: Creativity and Philosophy

Philosophy in Everyday Decision Making

Subjectivity and Objectivity

Existentialism and the Creative Synthesis of Opposites

Transcendence

Philosophy of Science

Philosophy and Art

Pragmatism

Conclusions

12: Enhancement and the Fulfillment of Potential

Introduction

Tactical Creativity and Metacognition

Shift Perspectives

Turn the Situation Upside Down

Find or Apply an Analogy

Borrow, Adapt, or Steal Tactics

Consider the Natural World

Simplify

Experiment

Deviation Amplification

Persistence

Travel

Question Assumptions

Redefine the Problem or Situation

Keep an Open Mind

Contrarianism

Don’t be a Damn Fool

Let it Happen

Avoidance Tactics

Flexible Use of Tactics

Programs and Multiple Step Methods for Creative Thinking

Ideal

Tactics for Organizations

Competition

Enhancement in the Classroom

Creativity and Education of Older Adults

Tactics Specifically for Discovery

Techniques for Invention

Triz

Analyses of Enhancement Efforts

Conclusions

13: Conclusion: What Creativity is and What it is Not

Introduction

Imagination

Originality

Innovation and Creativity

Invention Versus Creativity

Discovery and Creativity

Discovery of Chaos

Serendipity and Chance

Creativity as Irrational or Rational

Pseudo-Creativity

Art and Mating Display and the Reproductive Benefits

Flexibility

Proactive Creativity

Distribution of Creative Talents

Conclusions

Final Comments

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
520
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780124105225
Hardcover ISBN:
9780124105126

About the Author

Mark Runco

Mark Runco has studied creativity and innovation for 35 years. He holds a PhD in Cognitive Psychology and is Professor at the University of Georgia, as well as Distinguished Research Fellow at the American Institute for Behavioral Research and Technology. His PhD is in Cognitive Psychology from the Claremont Graduate School. He also earned his MA and his BA from Claremont. He is founding Editor of the Creativity Research Journal and is on the Editorial Board of Creativity and Innovation Management, the Journal of Creative Behavior and various other academic journals. He is co-editor of the Encyclopedia of Creativity (1999, 2011) and in 2015 he collaborated with the International Center for Studies in Creativity to introduce two new academic journals, Business Creativity and the Creative Economy and the Journal of Genius and Eminence.

Dr. Runco was Adjunct Professor at the Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration and the Torrance Professor and Director of the Torrance Creativity Center at UGA. He is Past President of the American Psychological Association’s Division 10.

Dr. Runco has published over 200 articles, chapters, and books on creativity and innovation.

Affiliations and Expertise

Torrance Center for Creativity and Talent Development, USA