Creating and Restoring Wetlands

Creating and Restoring Wetlands

From Theory to Practice

1st Edition - September 10, 2015

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  • Author: Christopher Craft
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124072329
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124076594

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Creating and Restoring Wetlands: From Theory to Practice describes the challenges and opportunities relating to the restoration of freshwater and estuarine wetlands in natural, agricultural, and urban environments in the coming century. The underpinnings of restoration, driven by ecological (disturbance, dispersal, succession) theory, are described and applied to various activities (restoring hydrology, soils, and biota) that are used to improve the short- and long-term success of wetland restoration projects. Unforeseen problems that hinder restoration efforts and solutions to these problems are discussed in this comprehensive book that contains five sections and 13 chapters that include an introduction describing the defining characteristics of wetland – hydrology, soils, biota, the role of theory in guiding wetland succession, ecosystem development following restoration, and differentiating wetland reclamation, restoration, and creation, restoration of various estuarine and freshwater wetlands, case studies of estuarine and freshwater restoration and large-scale restoration, and finally, the future of wetland restoration.

Key Features

  • Explicitly links ecological theory to restoration efforts in a variety of freshwater and estuarine, natural, agricultural, urban landscapes, and wetland ecosystems
  • Contains case studies of small- and large-scale restoration activities ensuring relevance to individuals and organizations
  • Illustrates successes as well as failures of freshwater and estuarine wetland restorations in order to learn from them
  • Presents specific information on hydrology, biota, wetland succession, ecosystem development following restoration, and more


wetland scientists, restoration ecologists and practitioners (i.e., consultants) of wetland restoration.

Table of Contents

    • Acknowledgments
    • Part One. Foundations
      • 1. Introduction
        • Why Restore Wetlands?
        • Fundamental Characteristics of Wetlands
        • Setting Realistic Goals
        • Theory and Practice
      • 2. Definitions
        • Introduction
        • Wetland Characteristics
        • Definitions
        • Classification Systems
        • Legal Frameworks
        • Wetland Ecosystem Services
      • 3. Ecological Theory and Restoration
        • Introduction
        • Disturbance
        • Dispersal and Colonization
        • Succession
        • Ecosystem Development
        • Biological Invasions
      • 4. Consideration of the Landscape
        • Introduction
        • Stressors of Natural, Agricultural, and Urban Landscapes
        • Wetland Functions and Placement on the Landscape
        • The Need for a Watershed Approach
        • Selecting and Prioritizing Sites for Restoration
    • Part Two. Restoration of Freshwater Wetlands
      • 5. Inland Marshes
        • Introduction
        • Theory
        • Practice
      • 6. Forested Wetlands
        • Introduction
        • Theory
        • Practice
      • 7. Peatlands
        • Introduction
        • Peat—Origin, Composition, and Geographic Distribution
        • Peatland Succession
        • Theory
        • Practice
    • Part Three. Restoration of Estuarine Wetlands
      • 8. Tidal Marshes
        • Introduction
        • Theory
        • Practice
      • 9. Mangroves
        • Introduction
        • Theory
        • Practice
    • Part Four. From Theory to Practice
      • 10. Measuring Success
        • Introduction
        • Performance Standards
        • Trajectories of Ecosystem Development
      • 11. Case Studies
        • Introduction
        • Saline Tidal Marshes
        • Freshwater Marshes
        • Peat Bogs
        • Forested Wetlands
        • Urban Wetlands
      • 12. Restoration on a Grand Scale
        • Saline Tidal Marshes (Delaware Bay, USA)
        • Mesopotamian Marshes (Iraq)
        • Freshwater Marshes (Yellow River Delta, China)
        • Coastal Marshes (Mississippi River Delta, Louisiana)
        • Mangrove Reforestation (Mekong River Delta, Vietnam)
      • 13. Future of Wetland Restoration
        • Introduction
        • Population Growth and Global Food Demand
        • Eutrophication
        • Restoration in an Urban World
        • Climate Change
        • Wetland Restoration in the Twenty-First Century
    • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 358
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2015
  • Published: September 10, 2015
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124072329
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124076594

About the Author

Christopher Craft

Christopher Craft
Christopher Craft is the Janet Duey Professor of Rural Land Policy, O’Neill School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, Bloomington and University of Georgia Marine Institute, where he teaches courses in Environmental Science, Applied Ecology, Wetlands Ecology and Restoration Ecology. His introduction to wetland science began in 1983 when, as a new Ph.D. student, he began studying the ecosystem development of tidal marshes that had been created and restored along the North Carolina coast in the 1960s and 1970s. Since that time, Professor Craft has worked on restoration projects in freshwater wetlands of the Florida Everglades, Upper Klamath Lake (Oregon) and the agricultural Midwest, and in estuarine wetlands of the southeast (Sapelo Island, GA), New England and New York-New Jersey harbor. Professor Craft served as President of the Society of Wetland Scientists from 2008-2009. In 2012, he received the National Wetlands Award for Science Research, given annually by the Environmental Law Institute and six U.S. governmental agencies

Affiliations and Expertise

Janet Duey Professor of Rural Land Policy, O’Neill School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, Bloomington and University of Georgia Marine Institute, Sapelo Island, Georgia, USA

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