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Countermeasures to Airborne Hazardous Chemicals - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780815512325, 9780815516798

Countermeasures to Airborne Hazardous Chemicals

1st Edition

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Authors: J.M. Holmes C.H. Byers
Hardcover ISBN: 9780815512325
eBook ISBN: 9780815516798
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 31st December 1990
Page Count: 343
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Description

Presents a study which reviews the entire spectrum of activities, recommends appropriate action, and gives technical guidance. the information in the book is from Countermeasures to hazardous chemicals, prepared for the Federal Emergency Management Agency, April 1989. No index. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. The Nature of the Threat û Task 1
  3. Existing Responsibilities and Instructional Options-Task II
  4. 1 Federal Responsibilities
  5. 2 State and Local Responsibilities
  6. 3 Private Sector Activities
  7. 4 Overlaps and Gaps in Responsibilties and Programs
  8. 5 Prevention
  9. 6 Response Systems
  10. 7 Training
  11. Technical Options for Countermeasures-Task III
  12. 1 Characterization of Emergency Releases
  13. 2 Technical Basis for Needed Countermeasures
  14. 3 Evaluation of Available Resources
  15. 4 New Technical Approaches
  16. 5 Methodology for Ranking of Chemical Hazards
  17. Introduction
  18. Overview of Recent Chemical Emergencies
  19. 1 Bhopal Disaster
  20. 2 Pemex Disaster
  21. 3 Incident at Institute, West Virginia
  22. 4 Acute Hazardous Events Data Base
  23. Relative Accident Frequencies and Severity
  24. 1 Relative Accident Frequency by Sector
  25. 2 Relative Accident Severity by Sector
  26. 3 Relative Accident Frequencies and Severity by Hazardous Chemical
  27. 4 Events Involving Death or Injury
  28. Current Responsibilities
  29. 1 Prevention
  30. 2 Planning
  31. 3 Response
  32. 4 Training
  33. Federal and State Statutes for Hazardous Materials
  34. 1 Clean Water Act (CWA) of 1977
  35. 2 Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (HMTA)
  36. 3 Clean Air Act of 1970 and Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977
  37. 4 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) of 1976
  38. 5 Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980
  39. 6 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
  40. 7 Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) of 1986
  41. 8 Occupational Safety and Health Act
  42. 9 State Statutes for Hazardous Materials
  43. Federal Agency Responsibilities and Programs
  44. 1 Federal Emergency Mangement Agency
  45. 2 National Response Center (NRC)
  46. 3 National and Regional Response Teams
  47. 4 Environmental Response Team (ERT) and National Strike Force
  48. 5 Environmental Protection Agency
  49. 6 Department of Transportation Research and Special Programs Administration
  50. 7 U.S. Coast Guard (USCG)
  51. 8 Department of Labor Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA)
  52. 9 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Hazardous Materials Response Branch
  53. State of Tennessee
  54. Local/Regional Responsibilities û Memphis/Shelby County, Tennessee
  55. Industrial and Private Initiatives
  56. 1 CMC Community Awareness and Emergency Response Program (CAER)
  57. 2 CMA Chemical Transportation Emergency Center (CHEMTREC)
  58. 3 CMA CHEMNET Network
  59. 4 CMA Chemical Referral Center (CRC)
  60. 5 Chlorine Institute Emergency Plan (CHLOREP)
  61. 6 NACA Pesticide Safety Team (PSTN)
  62. 7 Association of American Railroads Field Force
  63. 8 Hazardous Materials Advisory Council-Information Services
  64. 9 AlChE Center for Process Safety
  65. 10 Institute of Hazardous Materials Management
  66. Survey of Responsibility Gap
  67. 1 Planning
  68. 2 Prevention
  69. 3 Response Systems
  70. 4 Training
  71. Survey of Technical Options
  72. Characterization of Emergency Releases
  73. 1 Characterization of Disaster Level
  74. 2 Types and Extent of Response Required
  75. Technical Basis For Needed Countermeasures
  76. Evaluation of Available Resources
  77. 1 Vapor Hazard Control
  78. 2 Emergency Equipment
  79. 3 Emergency Warning and Evacuation Systems
  80. 4 Hazmat Monitoring and Ambient-Air Dispersion Modeling Systems
  81. 5 Toxic Gas Dispersion Modeling
  82. 6 Hazards Evaluations of Processing Facilities Handling Toxic Materials
  83. 7 Emergency Response Information and Data Bases
  84. 8 Community and Facility Planning for Toxic Chemical Emergencies
  85. New Technical Approaches
  86. 1 Prevention of Chemical Accidents
  87. 2 Detection and Warning Systems
  88. 3 Minimizing Transportation Risks
  89. 4 Large-Scale Test Facilities
  90. 5 Miscellaneous Countermeasures
  91. Methodology For Ranking of Chemical Hazards
  92. 1 Toxicity Level
  93. 2 Fire and Explosion Hazards
  94. 3 Mobility in the Atmosphere
  95. 4 Domestic Production/Location
  96. 5 Domestic Shipments
  97. 6 Overall Rating Procedure
  98. Proposed Hazardous Materials Rating System
  99. 1 Selection of Hazardous Materials
  100. 2 Overall Categorization of Hazardous Materials
  101. 3 Results of Material Categorization
  102. Summary and Conclusions for Technical Options
  103. 1 Characterization of Emergency Releases
  104. 2 Technical Basis for Needed Countermeasures
  105. 3 Evaluation of Available Resources
  106. 4 New Technical Approaches
  107. 5 Methodology for Banking of Chemical Hazards 19 References 20 Appendix

Details

No. of pages:
343
Language:
English
Copyright:
© William Andrew 1990
Published:
31st December 1990
Imprint:
William Andrew
Hardcover ISBN:
9780815512325
eBook ISBN:
9780815516798

About the Authors

J.M. Holmes

C.H. Byers

Ratings and Reviews