It is estimated that about 40% of the annual production of metals is used to repair or replace materials damaged by corrosion. Corrosion causes waste of the natural material and energy resources, it creates serious materials problems for many technologies and adversely affects almost every area of engineering. The use of metals in various aggressive environments has resulted in an extremely wide diversity of corrosion problems. This book presents a collection of concise reviews written by experts in the field on selected topics of metallic corrosion and on some aspects of interaction of hydrogen with metals. A comprehensive range of problems is examined including localized corrosion, high temperature corrosion in liquid metals and molten salts, transport control in corrosion processes, entry of hydrogen into metals, hydrogen embrittlement, and hydrogen reactions with metals. The variety of topics covered in the book will provide corrosion scientists, engineers, university lecturers and students alike with an interdisciplinary approach to solving problems of materials degradation and surface processes in metal corrosion.

Table of Contents

Parts: I. Corrosion of Metals. 1. Nucleation and development of pitting corrosion in iron and steel (Z. Szklarska-Śmialowska). 2. Stress corrosion cracking of structural steels in nitrate solutions (J. Flis). 3. Corrosion of structural materials in metal-cooled nuclear reactors (E. Hajewska). 4. Corrosion in molten salts - A thermodynamic approach (L. Suski). 5. Rotating disc in the transport of reactants during corrosion of copper, iron, and zinc with hydrogen and oxygen depolarization (Z. Zembura). 6. Displacement as a particular case of corrosion (J. Sedzimir). II. Interaction of Hydrogen with Metals and their Resultant Deterioration. 7. Effects of the interaction of hydrogen from the gas phase with the surface of transition metals (W. Palczewska, A. Frackiewicz). 8. Electrochemical aspects of hydrogen entry into iron and steel from aqueous solutions (T. Zakroczymski). 9. Dissolution and diffusion of hydrogen in iron and steel (W. Raczýnski). 10. Effect of hydrogen on mechanical properties and dislocation structure of iron and steel (E. Łunarska-Borowiecka, A. Zieliński). 11. Change in the real structure of nickel due to the Ni-&bgr; NiH phase transformation (A. Janko, J. Pielaszek). 12. Ionization of hydrogen on the surface of metals in aqueous solutions of electrolytes (A. Sadkowski et al.). 13. Effect of the oxide and sulphide inclusions on the absorption and permeation of hydrogen in steel (J. Foryst). Index.


© 1991
Elsevier Science
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@from:Michael Schorr @qu:...written by experts who have contributed considerably with their own research to the subjects presented. @source:Corrosion Reviews