Contributions to Thermal Physiology

Contributions to Thermal Physiology

Satellite Symposium of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences, Pécs, Hungary, 1980

1st Edition - January 1, 1981

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  • Editors: Z. Szelényi, M. Székely
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483190211

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Description

Advances in Physiological Sciences, Volume 32: Contributions to Thermal Physiology is a collection of papers that details the advances in the understanding of the thermal aspects of physiology. The first part of the title presents articles about central nervous control of body temperature, while the second part covers papers about fever. Next, the selection deals with brain cooling, along with thermoregulation and sleep. The fifth part covers phylogenic aspects of temperature regulation, while the sixth part tackles acclimation. Next, the selection talks about age-related difference in temperature regulation and the peripheral effector mechanisms. The text also covers the brown adipose tissue and the relevance of exercise in regulating body temperature. The book will be of great interest to students, researchers, and practitioners of medicine and biology.

Table of Contents


  • Foreword

    Central Nervous Control of Body Temperature

    Functional Anatomy of the Hypothalamus from the Point of View of Temperature Regulation

    CNS Control of Body Temperature

    Self Correction of Spinal Temperature by Rats

    Behavioral and Autonomic Cold Defense of Pigeons Modified by Central and Peripheral Thermal Stimulation

    Effects of Nucleus Raphe Lesions and P-CPA on Temperature Regulation and Day-Night Rhythm of Body Temperature in Pigeons

    Influence of Low Ambient Temperature on Camp Concentration in the Preoptic Region of the Rat

    Role of Dopamine in Thermoregulatory Mechanisms in the Rat

    Thermoregulatory Changes Following the Menopause

    Effects of Central Administration of Peptides on Body Temperature of the Rabbit

    Thermoregulatory Responses to Intrahypothalamic Injections of TRH in Pigeons

    The Effect of Capsaicin on Thermoregulation and Thermosensitive Neurons in the Neonatal Rat

    Thermolytic Mechanisms in Capsaicin-Desensitized Rats

    Impairment in Thermoregulatory Behavior Induced by Capsaicin

    Different Afferent Temperature Inputs of Single Dorsal Horn Neurones in Rats

    Convergency of Different Temperature Sensitive Afferents to Rat Dorsal Horn Neurones Revealed by Stimulation of Scrotal Temperature Receptors with Ca

    Effect of Acute Increase in Body Temperature on the Excitatory and Inhibitory Synaptic Transmission of Fish Spinal Cord

    The Control of Shivering by the Afferents from Thermoreceptors of the Subcutaneous Veins

    Thermosensitivity of Single Units in the Hypothalamic Slices In Vitro

    Thermoreactivity and Thermosensitivity of Rostral Brainstem Neurons in an Avian Species, the Pekin Duck

    Cold Defense Activity of Pekin Ducks during General Hypothermia in Comparison to Heat Defense during Hyperthermia: Effect of POAH Cooling on Threshold and Gain

    Responses of Single Units of the Thermosensitive Preoptic Area (POA) to Hypercapnia

    Correlations between Neuronal Responses in Different Nuclei of the Thermoafferent System

    Threshold Characteristics of Central Thermoresponsive Neurons

    Tail Temperature in Rat during Thermal Stimulation of the Hypothalamus and Scrotum

    Thermoregulatory Pathways from Cutaneous Thermoreceptors to the Hypothalamus via Noradrenergic and Serotonergic Pontine Regions

    Effects of Single Waves of Cortical Spreading Depression on Thermoregulatory Behavior

    Hypothalamic and Reticular Lesions Produced by Chronically Implanted Electrodes: Effects on the Hibernation Cycle of Spermophilus lateralis

    The Cause of Restraint Hypothermia Induced in Cold Exposed Rats

    Fever

    Fever in Early Life

    Survival Value of Fever

    Control Mechanisms of Fever

    Responses of Lizards to Pyrogens

    Reduction of Plasma Zinc and Iron Concentrations in Febrile Cows with E. Coli Mastitis. The Role of Endotoxin

    Emotional Fever and Salicylate

    The Effects of a Protein Synthesis Inhibitor on the Thermoregulatory Responses to Bacterial Pyrogen, Endogenous Pyrogen and to Prostaglandin E2

    Effector Activities during Onset-Phase of Fever in Rabbits

    Change in Lysosomal Enzyme Activity during LPS Fever in the Ox

    Behavioral and Autonomic Responses to Pyrogen in Newborn Rabbits

    Brain Cooling

    Selective Brain Cooling: An Important Component of Thermal Physiology

    Exercise Induced Selective Brain Cooling in the Ox

    Pyrogen Fever and Selective Brain Cooling in the Ox

    Effects on Heat Production of Cooling Preferentially the Head of the Conscious Goose

    Thermoregulation and Sleep

    Sleep and Temperature Regulation

    Interaction between Emotional Arousal and Thermoregulation in the Rabbit

    Role of the Preoptic Thermosensitive Zone in Sleep Behavior

    Thermoregulatory Effector Mechanism Activity during Sleep in Pigeons

    Bioelectrical Activity and Temperature of the Brain during Emotional Responses

    Rectal Temperature Patterns during Sleep Related to Room Temperature

    Phylogenic Aspects of Temperature Regulation

    Evolution from Ectothermia towards Endothermia

    Thermoregulation in Dinosaurs

    Temperature Compensation of General and Tissue Metabolism under Poikilo-, Hetero- and Homeothermia

    The Effects of Temperature on Heat Exchange and Oxygen Consumption in Two Sympatric New Zealand Lizards

    Acclimation

    Basic Mechanisms in Longtime Thermal Adaptation

    Acclimatization to Heat in Man: Giant or Windmill? A Critical Reappraisal

    Upward Shifting of the Central Temperature in Adaptation to Chronic Heat and High Altitude

    Comparison of Sweating Reactions between Subtropical and Temperate Natives

    Morphological Changes of the Eccrine Sweat Glands of Japanese Monkey after Heat Acclimation: The Mechanism of Peripheral Adaptation

    Heat Tolerance and Evaporative Heat Loss in Various Strains of Rats

    Cold Acclimation in the Secretory Function of the Exocrine and Endocrine Pancreas of Rats

    Glucagon and Temperature Acclimation

    The Resting Membrane Potential of Muscle Fibers during Cold Adaptation

    The Cooling Rate of Swimming Rats as a Measure of Cold Tolerance

    Effect of Heat on Biosynthesis of Mitochondrial Protein Components and ATPase in the Rat Liver

    Age-Related Differences in Temperature Regulation

    Ontogeny of Temperature Regulation: Prenatal Features

    Minimal Metabolic Rate (MMR) of the 3-12-Hour Newborn Rabbit Increased by Maternal Cold Acclimation or Triiodothyronine Treatment

    Inhibition of Metabolism by Reverse T3 (3,3', 5'-Triiodothyronine) in the Lamb

    The Central Effect of Noradrenaline and Dopamine on Thermoregulation in the Newborn Guinea Pig

    Annual Blood Catecholamine, Thyroxine, Lipid and Glucose Levels in Growing and Fully-Grown Reindeer

    The Effect of Age, Ambient Temperature, Hypoxia and Hypercapnia on Body Temperature and Thermoregulatory Heat Production in the Guinea Pig

    Dopaminergic Involvement in Thermoregulatory Deficits in Elderly Rodents

    Thermoregulation in Humans of Different Ages during Thermal Transients

    Peripheral Effector Mechanisms

    Peripheral Effector Mechanisms of Temperature Regulation — Regulation by Vascular Activities

    Reflex and Myogenic Components of Vascular Thermoregulatory Reactions

    Cold-Induced Vasomotor Oscillation in Rabbit's Ear and the Effector Mechanisms

    Paradoxical Effects of Temperature on Skin Arteriovenous Anastomoses

    Hypothalamic Heating in the Dog and the Effect of Alpha and Beta Blockade on Blood Flow to the Tongue and Nose

    The Importance of Pilomotor Response in Temperature Regulation

    Peripheral Effector Mechanisms of Temperature Regulation - the Regulation of Sweating Activities in Primates

    Heat Induced Regional Sweating in Resting Subjects

    Dermatomal Inhibition of Sweating by Skin Pressure

    Influence of Circadian Rhythm on Evaporative Heat Loss in Birds

    Peripheral Effector Mechanisms of Thermoregulation - Regulation of Panting

    Reduced Hyperthermic Response to Intraventricular Noradrenaline in Dehydrated Rabbits

    The Activity of Motor Units of the Cat Intercostal Muscles during Cold Shivering

    Importance of Blood Flow to Calorigenic Organs in Non-Shivering Thermogenesis Induced by Norepinephrine

    The Role of the Product of Arterial Concentration of Noradrenaline and Transcapillary Flow in the Thermogenic Control System

    Mechanisms of Propranolol Induced Hypothermia in Birds

    Shivering during Tonic Immobility in Birds

    Baroreflexive and Other Components in the Inhibition of Shivering by Noradrenaline (NA) in the Pigeon

    Glucose Uptake by Skeletal Muscle from Acute Cold Exposed Diabetic Rats

    A Linear Model of Heat Transfer through Multi-Layer Clothing Assemblies

    Measurements of Thermal Insulation Values of Clothing Assemblies

    Brown Adipose Tissue

    Current Topics in Brown Adipose Tissue Research

    A Possible Metabolic Effect of Membrane Depolarization in Brown Adipose Tissue

    Physiological Uncoupling in Brown Fat Mitochondria

    Peroxisomes in Brown Fat

    Gap Junctional and Sympathetic Nerve Development in the Rat Brown Adipose Tissue

    Characterization of (³H)Dihydroergocryptine Binding Sites on Intact Brown Adipocytes

    An Attempt to Differentiate between α- and ß-Adrenergic Respiratory Responses in Hamster Brown Fat Cells

    The Influence of Thyroxine on Brown Fat Thermogenesis

    Differentiation of the Brown Adipose Tissue in the Hamster: Evidence of a Trophic Role of the Sympathetic Innervation

    Reactivation of Brown Adipose Tissue on Obese Hyperglycemic ob/ob Mice by Cold-Adaptation

    Effects of Cold and Hypoxia on Diet-Induced Thermogenesis

    Functional Changes in Brown Adipose Tissue of Diabetic-Obese (db/db) Mice

    Brown Fat Reaction to Extreme Exposures

    Effects of Cold Exposure on Lipoprotein Lipase Activity in Brown Adipose Tissue of Mice

    Perinatal Regulation of Brown Fat Lipid Metabolism; Effect of Ambient Temperature

    The Functional Efficacy of BAT in Cold and After Noradrenaline Injection: Dependence on Size of Animal and on Integumental Isolation Value

    Exercise and Performance

    Exercise and Temperature Regulation

    Respiratory and Circulatory Adjustments in Evaporative Heat Loss of Dogs at Rest and Exercise

    Effects of Heatstroke, Dehydration and Exercise on Blood Enzyme Levels in the Dog

    Rational Indices of Heat Stress and Strain in Warm Environments

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 578
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1981
  • Published: January 1, 1981
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483190211

About the Editors

Z. Szelényi

M. Székely

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