Conn's Handbook of Models for Human Aging - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780128113530

Conn's Handbook of Models for Human Aging

2nd Edition

Editors: Jeffrey Ram P. Michael Conn
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128113530
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st May 2018
Page Count: 1184
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Description

Conn's Handbook of Models for Human Aging, Second Edition presents key aspects of biology, nutrition, factors affecting lifespan, methods of age determination, use in research and the disadvantages/advantages of use. Using a multidisciplinary approach, this updated edition is designed as the only comprehensive, current work that covers the diversity in aging models. Chapters on comparative models explore age-related diseases, including Alzheimer's, joint disease, cataracts, cancer and obesity. Also included are new tricks and approaches not available in primary publications. This must-have handbook is an indispensable resource for researchers interested in the mechanisms of aging, gerontologists, health professionals, allied health practitioners and students.

Key Features

  • Combines both the methods of study for human aging and animal models
  • Provides a historical overview and discussion of model availability, key methods and ethical issues
  • Contains over 200 full color illustrations

Readership

Researchers interested in the mechanisms of aging, gerontologists, health professionals, and allied health professionals and students

Table of Contents

I. Aging in Humans 
Chapter 1.  Werner Syndrome as a model of human aging
Chapter 2.  Premature aging syndrome
Chapter 3.  Models, Definitions, and Criteria of Frailty
Chapter 4. Immunological methods and the concept of inflamm-aging in the study of human aging
Chapter 5. VULNERABILITY AND EXPERIENTIAL HEALTH IN OLD AGE – a qualitative perspective
Chapter 6. Body composition analysis in older adults
Chapter 7. Using Computational Models to Study Aging
Chapter 8. A framework for uncovering the roles of calories and macronutrients in health and aging
Chapter 9. Female Reproductive Aging: From Consequences to Mechanisms, Markers, and Treatments
Chapter 10. Adrenopause
Chapter 11. What sets Iceland apart in understanding human aging
II. Animal models:  Vertebrates 
Chapter 12. Reproductive Tract Lesions in Aged Chimpanzees
Chapter 13. Age-related changes to the bony structure and musculature of the shoulder in a nonhuman primate model
Chapter 14. The dog as a model for aging research
Chapter 15. Dogs as a Spontaneous Model for Early Alzheimer's Disease
Chapter 16. Determining cause of death and contributing causes of death in rodent aging studies
Chapter 17. Rat Models of Cognitive Aging
Chapter 18. Life Extension in Dwarf Mice
Chapter 19. Extension of Lifespan in Laboratory Mice
Chapter 20. Development and Validation of ECG analysis algorithm in mice
Chapter 21. Old mouse lemur: behavior, cognition and neuropathology
Chapter 22. Birds as models for the biology of aging and aging-related disease: an update
Chapter 23. Telomeres and Telomerase in Birds: Measuring Health, Environmental Stress and Longevity
Chapter 24. Zebrafish model for investigating the integrated control of reproduction
Chapter 25. Modelling aging and age-associated pathology in zebrafish
Chapter 26. The use of mature zebrafish (Danio rerio) as a model for human aging and disease
Chapter 27. Piscine polemics; Small tropical fish species as models for aging research
Chapter 28. The short-lived African turquoise killifish (Nothobranchius furzeri): a new model system for research on aging
III. Cellular models and invertebrates 
Chapter 29. A Budding Topic: Modeling Aging and Longevity in Yeast
Chapter 30. The Budding and Fission Yeast Model Systems for Aging Biology: Rapid Advancement with New Technologies
Chapter 31. Podospora anserina: a filamentous fungus with a strong mitochondrial etiology of aging
Chapter 32. Invertebrates as model organisms for research on aging biology
Chapter 33. Invertebrate models for the study of the effects of age on neurotransmitter release
Chapter 34. Impact of Chronic Exercise on Invertebrate Functional Aging
Chapter 35. The virtues and challenges of multidimensional analyses of whole brains during aging with single cell resolution
Chapter 36. Rotifers as a Model for the Biology of Aging
Chapter 37. The Potential of Comparative Biology to Reveal Mechanisms of Aging in Rotifers
Chapter 38. Hydra, a model system for deciphering the mechanisms of aging and resistance to aging
Chapter 39. Regeneration and Aging in The Tunicate Ciona intestinalis
Chapter 40. Honeybee Workers as Models of Aging
IV. Disease models 
Chapter 41. APPROACHES TO THE ASSESSMENT OF FRAILTY IN ANIMAL MODELS
Chapter 42. Genotype and sex differences in life expectancy in transgenic AD mice
Chapter 43. Animal models of vascular cognitive impairment and dementia
Chapter 44. ALZHEIMER’S DEMENTIA DRUG DISCOVERY: TARGETING SYNAPTIC GLUTAMATE UPTAKE
Chapter 45. A Transgenic Monkey Model of Huntington’s Disease
Chapter 46. PARKINSON’S DISEASE IN HUMANS AND IN NON-HUMAN PRIMATE AGING AND NEUROTOXIN MODELS
Chapter 47. GENETIC MODELS OF PARKINSON’S DISEASE AND THEIR STUDY IN NON-HUMAN PRIMATES
Chapter 48. Impact of the Aged Brain Environment on Gene Therapy for Parkinson’s Disease
Chapter 49. Cell Therapy for Parkinson's Disease
Chapter 50. Genetics of progeria and aging
Chapter 51. Progeria mouse models
Chapter 52. Models of Hypertension in Aging
Chapter 53. Osteoporosis and Cardiovascular Disease in the Elderly
Chapter 54. The role of the tumor microenvironment in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and preclinical models to study it
V. Organ systems 
Chapter 55. Alopecia
Chapter 56. Experimental Models of human skin aging
Chapter 57. Muscle deconditioning and aging: experimental models
Chapter 58. Models of Immune Aging
Chapter 59. Sex and the aging immune system
Chapter 60. Rodent Models of Ovarian Failure
Chapter 61. ROLE OF SEX AND AGING IN MUCOSAL HEALTH
Chapter 62. Leydig Cell Development and Aging in the Brown Norway Rat: Mechanisms and Consequences
Chapter 63. Models of aging Kidney: Implications on kidney health and disease
Chapter 64. AGE-ASSOCIATED CHANGES IN STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE AGING HUMAN LUNG
Chapter 65. Glucose, insulin and brain aging
Chapter 66. Pathology of brain aging and animal models of neurodegenerative diseases
Chapter 67. Leptin and aging in animal models
Chapter 68. Age-Related Changes to Bone Structure and Quality in Rodent Models
VI. Mechanisms 
Chapter 69. Dielectric properties of biological tissues; variation with age
Chapter 70. Experimental Models of Tau Aggregation
Chapter 71. Aging of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Chapter 72. Helicases and their relevance to aging
Chapter 73. Genetics of human aging
Chapter 74. Epigenetics of brain Aging
Chapter 75. The Circadian Clock and the Aging Process
Chapter 76. Super DNAging-New insights into DNA integrity, genome stability and telomeres in the oldest old
Chapter 77. Model of Chaperones in Aging
Chapter 78. Chaperone-mediated autophagy
Chapter 79. Resveratrol in Aging and Age-Related Diseases
Chapter 80. Resveratrol in experimental models and humans

Details

No. of pages:
1184
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2018
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Hardcover ISBN:
9780128113530

About the Editor

Jeffrey Ram

Jeffrey L. Ram is Professor of Physiology at the Wayne State University School of Medicine and the Director of the Belle Isle Aquarium Laboratory in Detroit, MI USA. After receiving a B.A. Magna cum Laude degree in Physics from the University of Pennsylvania (1967) and being a Thouron Scholar at Cambridge University (1967-1968), he earned a Ph.D. degree in Biochemistry and Neurophysiology from the California Institute of Technology (1974). Following post-doctoral research at the University of California Santa Cruz, and a fellowship at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, MA USA, he joined the faculty in the Department of Physiology of Wayne State University in 1977. Ram is known for his studies of the endocrine, neural, and pharmacological control of reproduction, muscle, and digestive physiology in invertebrate model systems, especially Aplysia, his research on invasive mussels, and recent studies on aquatic biodiversity. Together with Dr. Mahadev Murthy (NIH) he developed symposia and publications on the use of model systems for the study of aging, an activity that he has continued as President of the International Society for Invertebrate Reproduction and Development (2014 – 2017). Ram’s collaborations on vertebrate systems have included biodiversity studies of the fecal and oral microbiome of animals and people. He has authored or co-authored over 150 publications in these areas and edited the proceedings of several symposia, including a 10 paper issue on model systems for the study of aging for the Journal of Invertebrate Reproduction and Development. The work of his laboratory has been recognized by numerous grants from NIH, NSF, EPA, and various foundations such as the American Heart Association and the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation. Ram is an elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. As head of an NSF project to promote the interest of public school students in science and science careers, Ram works closely with the Belle Isle Aquarium and the Detroit Public Schools Community District to increase the public understanding of how scientists work and the importance and place of science in protecting the environment.

Affiliations and Expertise

Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, USA

P. Michael Conn

P. Michael Conn is the Senior Vice President for Research and Associate Provost, Texas Tech Health Sciences Center. He is The Robert C. Kimbrough, Professor of Internal Medicine and Cell Biology/Biochemistry. He was previously Director of Research Advocacy and Professor of Physiology and Pharmacology, Cell Biology and Development and Obstetrics and Gynecology at Oregon Health and Science University and Senior Scientist of the Oregon National Primate Research Center (ONPRC). He served for twelve years as Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of the ONPRC. After receiving a B.S. degree and teaching certification from the University of Michigan (1971), a M.S. from North Carolina State University (1973), and a Ph.D. degree from Baylor College of Medicine (1976), Conn did a fellowship at the NIH, then joined the faculty in the Department of Pharmacology, Duke University Medical Center where he was promoted to Associate Professor in 1982. In 1984, he became Professor and Head of Pharmacology at the University of Iowa College of Medicine, a position he held for eleven years. Conn is known for his research in the area of the cellular and molecular basis of action of gonadotropin releasing hormone action in the pituitary and therapeutic approaches that restore misfolded proteins to function. His work has led to drugs that have benefitted humans and animals. Most recently, he has identified a new class of drugs, pharmacoperones, which act by regulating the intracellular trafficking of receptors, enzymes and ion channels. He has authored or co-authored over 350 publications in this area and written or edited over 200 books, including texts in neurosciences, molecular biology and endocrinology. Conn has served as the editor of many professional journals and book series (Endocrinology, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Endocrine, Methods, Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science and Contemporary Endocrinology). Conn served on the National Board of Medical Examiners, including two years as chairman of the reproduction and endocrinology committee. The work of his laboratory has been recognized with a MERIT award from the NIH, the J.J. Abel Award of the American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, the Weitzman, Oppenheimer and Ingbar Awards of the Endocrine Society, the National Science Medal of Mexico (the Miguel Aleman Prize) and the Stevenson Award of Canada. He is the recipient of the Oregon State Award for Discovery, the Media Award of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology and was named a distinguished Alumnus of Baylor College of Medicine in 2012. Conn is a previous member of Council for the American Society for Cell Biology and the Endocrine Society and is a prior President of the Endocrine Society, during which time he founded the Hormone Foundation and worked with political leadership to heighten the public’s awareness of diabetes. Conn’s students and fellows have gone on to become leaders in industry and academia. He is an elected member of the Mexican Institute of Medicine and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is the co-author of The Animal Research War (2008) and many articles for the public and academic community on the value of animal research and the dangers posed by animal extremism. His op/eds have appeared in The Washington Post, The LA Times, The Wall Street Journal, the Des Moines Register, and elsewhere. Conn consults with organizations that are influenced by animal extremism and with universities and companies facing challenges from these groups.

Affiliations and Expertise

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, USA