Concrete Materials

Concrete Materials

Properties, Specifications, and Testing

2nd Edition - December 31, 1992

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  • Author: Sandor Popovics
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815516552

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This book presents an in-depth approach to concrete ingredients and their relationships to concrete by discussing their properties, pertinent test methods, specifications, proper use and selection, and solutions to problems in practice. The approach is practice oriented, and the book assists in the improved application of concrete through a thorough understanding of its ingredients. This is aided by the discussion of certain fundamental aspects and relationships in quantitative forms, and by also presenting the interpretation of research and experience. An extensive bibliography is included.The book is a current, organized summary of knowledge concerning concrete-making materials, which will enable the engineer/user to make the best possible product using these materials.


Technologists, practitioners, engineers, architects, concrete manufacturers, material scientists, cement scientists, students.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction
    2. Portland Cement - Types, Properties and Specifications
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 History of Portland Cement
    2.3 Manufacture
    2.4 Composition of Portland Cement Clinker
    2.5 Types of Portland Cement
    2.6 Blended Portland Cements
    2.7 Technically Important Properties of Portland Cement - Testing and Specifications
    2.8 Uniformity of Cements
    2.9 Sampling
    2.10 Storage of Cements
    3. Hydration of Portland Cement
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Reactions in Early Hydration and Setting
    3.3 Reactions in the Hardening Process
    3.4 Mechanism of Hydration
    3.5 Structure of the Cement Paste
    3.6 Effect of Cement Composition on the Strength Development - Mathematical Models
    4. Hydraulic Cements Other Than Standard Portland
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 High-Alumina Cement
    4.3 Expansive Cement
    4.4 Special Portland Cements
    4.5 Other Hydraulic Cementing Materials
    4.6 Latent Hydraulic Materials
    4.7 Fly Ash and Silica Fume
    4.8 Selection of Cements
    4.9 Future of Cements
    5. Water
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Mixing Water
    5.3 Water for Curing and Washing
    6. Admixtures
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Classification
    6.3 Air-Entraining Admixtures
    6.4 Accelerating Admixtures
    6.5 Water-Reducing Admixtures and Set-Controlling Admixtures
    6.6 Polymers
    6.7 Other Chemical Admixtures
    6.8 Finely Divided Mineral Admixtures
    6.9 Storage, Sampling, and Testing
    6.10 Future of Admixtures
    7. Mineral Aggregates - General
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Classification of Aggregates
    7.3 Sampling of Aggregates
    8. Mineral Aggregates - Physical Properties
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Specific Gravity and Solid Volume
    8.3 Absorption, Moisture Content, and Permeability
    8.4 Unit Weight, Voids Content, and Bulking
    8.5 Strength, Toughness, Hardness, and Deformability
    8.6 Thermal Properties
    8.7 Durability and Soundness
    8.8 Porosity in Aggregates
    8.9 Wear and Skid Resistance
    9. Chemical Properties of Aggregates
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Deleterious Materials
    9.3 Reactivity of Concrete Aggregates
    9.4 Deterioration of Aggregates by Chemical Attacks from Outside
    10. Geometric Properties of Aggregates
    10.1 Shape and Surface Texture of Particles
    10.2 Particle Size
    10.3 Sieves and Screens
    10.4 Grading
    10.5 Sieve Test
    10.6 Grading Curves
    10.7 Grading Representation in Triangular Diagram
    10.8 Numerical Characterization of Grading
    10.9 Average Particle Size of the Complete Grading
    11. Fineness Modulus and Specific Surface
    11.1 Fineness Modulus
    11.2 Experimental Justification of the Fineness Modulus
    11.3 Optimum Fineness Moduli
    11.4 Specific Surface
    11.5 Critique of the Specific Surface and Other Numerical Characteristics
    11.6 Attempts to Improve Numerical Grading Characterization
    12. Grading Evaluation and Specification
    12.1 Grading Evaluation
    12.2 Grading Specification in General
    12.3 Specification of Maximum Particle Size
    12.4 Specification of the Sand and Fine Sand Contents
    12.5 Specification of the Grading Curve
    12.6 Grading Specification with Limit Curves
    12.7 Grading Specification on Percentage Passing-Retained Basis
    12.8 Grading Specifications with Particular Conditions
    12.9 Specifications with Fineness Modulus
    12.10 Critical Comparison of Various Methods for Grading Evaluation
    13. Internal Structure of Concrete and its Optimization
    13.1 Aggregate Grading and the Internal Structure of Concrete
    13.2 Need for Blending Aggregates
    13.3 General Theory of Blending
    13.4 Improvement of Grading
    13.5 Blending of Two Aggregates
    13.6 Graphical Methods for Blending Proportions
    13.7 Graphical Method by Rothfuchs
    13.8 British Method
    13.9 The Triangular Method
    13.10 Critical Comparison of the Methods for Blending Proportions
    14. Lightweight and Heavyweight Aggregates
    14.1 Introduction
    14.2 Lightweight Aggregates
    14.3 Types of Lightweight Aggregates
    14.4 Possible Problems Related to Lightweight Aggregates
    14.5 Requirements and Test Methods for Lightweight Aggregates
    14.6 Heavyweight Aggregates
    14.7 Possible Problems Related to Heavyweight Aggregates
    14.8 Requirements and Test Methods for Heavyweight Aggregates
    15. Handling and Selection of Aggregates
    15.1 Aggregate Handling
    15.2 Selection of Aggregates
    15.3 Future of Aggregates

Product details

  • No. of pages: 674
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 1992
  • Published: December 31, 1992
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815516552

About the Author

Sandor Popovics

Affiliations and Expertise

Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA

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