The Concise Encyclopedia of Environmental Systems provides a concise overview of the current state of the art in the study of environmental systems. Contains specially commissioned articles and updated and revised articles from the acclaimed Systems & Control Encyclopedia. The subjects covered include: agricultural systems; atmospheric processes and air quality; ecosystems; environmental chemistry; geology, soil processes and geophysics; hydrology, fluid dynamics and water quality; marine processes; meteorology; and climatology. In addition, many of the articles cover the methodological procedures used in environmental systems analysis, with contributions on automatic control and management; computers in modelling and management; environmental planning; environmetric methods, including time-series analysis; mathematical modelling, including data-based, physically based and simulation modelling; remote sensing and image processing; uncertainty in environmental systems; and sensitivity analysis. The encyclopedia is extensively cross-referenced on two levels - to articles of direct relevance as well as to other articles which will provide the reader with more general background information.


For those working on environmental systems, or undergraduates and postgraduates studying environmental science (including ecology), engineering, or mathematics.

Table of Contents

Abiotic control mechanisms in terrestrial and freshwater environments. Aerosol chemical analysis. Aerosol particle size. Agricultural modelling. Agricultural soils: fate of toxic substances. Agricultural spraying systems. Air conditioning control systems. Air pollutants: automatic and continuous analysis. Air pollutants: deposition. Air pollution: monitoring systems. Air pollution: spline interpolation in pattern analysis. Air pollution: uncertainty of model predictions. Air quality modelling. Algal growth modelling. Automatic and adaptive control design. Bilinear equations in ecology. Biochemical oxygen demand. Bond graphs. Carbon cycle modelling. Catastrophe theory. Catastrophe theory in ecosystem analysis. Chaos theory. Chaotic dynamics. Chemical oxygen demand. Chemical stress in agriculture. Climatic data. Climatic variation. Component (structural) models of time series. Computer simulation. Computer technology in the water industry. Cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis. Data analysis: an overview. Data analysis: physical modelling approach. Data-based mechanistic models. Data-based time-series models. Data compression. Dispersion in rivers and estuaries. Dispersion in the environment. Dispersion of toxic substances in freshwater systems. Dissolved oxygen. Earth-atmosphere system: identification of optical parameters. Ecological disturbance theory. Ecological modelling. Ecological modelling: aggregation errors. Ecological modelling, hierarchical. Ecological modelling: new perspectives. Ecological modelling, stochastic. Ecosystem compartmental modelling. Ecosystem networks: measures of structure. Energy resources, renewable. Energy systems in ecology. Environmental modelling and the scientific method. Environmental modelling, physically based. Environmental modelling with advanced computers. Eutrophication modelling in freshwater systems. Extrapolation, interpolation and smoothing of nonstationary time series. Finite-difference method. Finite-element meth


© 1993
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About the editor

P.C. Young

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Environmental Systems and Director, Centre for Research on Environmental Systems and Statistics, Institute of Environmental & Biological Sciences, University of Lancaster, UK


@from:M.J. Rycroft @qu:...this is a most valuable volume. @source:Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestial Physics @from:Diane M. Calabrese @qu:...a wealth of intelligible information merits this book a place on reference shelves. @source:American Reference Book Annual