Concise Encyclopedia of Educational Linguistics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080431635, 9780080502786

Concise Encyclopedia of Educational Linguistics

1st Edition

Editors: B. Spolsky
Hardcover ISBN: 9780080431635
eBook ISBN: 9780080502786
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 20th August 1999
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The volume comprises 232 thematically organised articles based on the highly successful Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics and the International Encyclopedia of Education (2nd edition) revised and, where necessary, updated and supplemented throughout. Dealing with all topics at the intersection between education and language, the work will prove an invaluable reference for all researchers in the field. Never has there been more intense debate over different attitudes and approaches to teaching and language. This volume will provide a state of the art description of all the topics of interest to language educators and all those concerned with making and implementing policy in language education. Fundamental topics include: the social context, society, national, school and curricular policy, literacy and oracy, language acquisition, bi- and plurilingualism, testing, TEFL, TESOL, SLA.


For schools and colleges of education, linguistics departments, researchers, teachers and students of applied linguistics, TESOL and TEFL.

Table of Contents

Introduction to the Field. General introduction: the field of educational linguistics (B. Spolsky). Applied linguistics (D.A. Wilkins). Educational linguistics (K. Perera). Ethics in educational linguistics (A. Davies). Linguistics and language learning (B. Spolsky). The Social Context. Society. Bilingualism, societal (M. Blanc). Diglossia (A. Hudson). Language loyalty (R. Mesthrie). Linguicide (T. Skuttnab-Kangas, R. Phillipson). Minority languages (J.M.Y. Simpson). Minority language rights (R. Phillipson, T. Skuttnab-Kangas). Multilingual states (D.D. Laitin). Multilingualism (C.B. Paulston). Socialization (C.B. Cazden). Sociolinguistics (D.R. Preston). Standardization (E. Haugen†). Sweden: immigrant languages (S. Boyd). Teaching endangered languages (L. Hinton). National Policy: National Language Policy and Education. Australian indigenous languages (T. Shopen). Australian minority languages (M. Clyne). Canadian language education policy (I. Pringle). Indian language education policy (Bh. Krishnamurti). Irish language education policy (T. Hickey). Japanese language education policy (T. Shimaoka). Language diffusion policy (C.G. MacLean). Language education policy—Africa (S.G.M. Ridge). Language education policy—Arabic speaking countries (Y. Suleiman). Language education policy-Asia (B.H. Jernudd). Language education policy—Europe (J.L.M. Trim). Language education policy—Former Soviet Union (L.A. Grenoble). Language education policy—Latin America (N.H. Hornberger). Language education policy-Pacific (R.B. Kaplan). Maori language revitalization (J.J. McCaffery). National languages (C.M. Eastman). National language policy and education (R.D. Lambert). Wales: language education policy (R. Morris Jones). Literacy and Oracy. Literacy (C.J. Daswani). Literacy: metalinguistic awareness (M. Herriman). Literacy: phonological awareness (P.E. Bryant). Literacy: research and method (D.A. Wagner). Oracy (A.M. Wilkinson). Postliteracy (L. Benton). Traditional religious education and literacy in developing countries (D.A. Wagner). The Home—School Language Gap. African American vernacular English (I.F. Hancock). Ann Arbor case (I.F. Hancock). Black English (UK) (M. Dalphinis). Educational failure (J.R. Edwards). Gender and language (J. Swann). Home and school language (M. MacLure). Prescriptive and descriptive grammar (C. Cullen). Standard English (M. Farr, A.F. Ball). The Individual Learner. Language Acquisition. Becoming bilingual (C. Letts). Grammar acquisition (H. Tager-Flushberg). Input and interaction (B.J. Richards, C. Gallaway). Language acquisition (P. Fletcher). Language acquisition: formal models and learnability (M. Atkinson). Language and the brain (J.M. Gurd, J.C. Marshall). Phonology in language acquisition (M.L. Edwards). Vocabulary in language acquisition (M.D. Barrett). Challenged Learners. Deafness and sign language instruction (S. Wilcox). Language disorders (S.L. James). Pathology: intervention (B. Byers Brown†). Pathology: overview (J.M. Cooper). Reading and writing disorders (B. Byers Brown†). The blind child (M. Garman). Second Language Processing. Age in second language learning (T. Scovel). Bilingualism, individual (F. Grosjean). Listening in a second language (M. Rost). Reading in a second language (A.H. Urquhart). Speaking in a second language (G. Yule). Writing in a second language (U. Connor). The School Context. School and Classroom. Bilingual education (M.E. Brisk). Classroom language (N. Mercer). Discourse in the language classroom (D. Allwright). Language across the curriculum (D.J. Corson). Observing classroom language (A.D. Edwards, D.P.G. Westgate). Pedagogy (A. Luke, C. Luke). School language policies (D.J. Corson). Textbooks (F.I. Davies). Dictionaries. Dictionaries for language learners (R.A. Carter, N. Schmitt). Lexicology (A.P. Cowie). Prescription in dictionaries (L.C. Mugglestone). Electronic Age. Computer-assisted language learning (J.D. Fox). Educational linguistics on the Web (L. Selinker, C. Kinahan). Language laboratory (A.G. Sciarone). New information technology in language education (E.K.L. Ng). Teaching Language. National Curricula. English teaching curriculum (England and Wales) (K. Perera). English teaching in Australia (M.O. Meiers). English teaching in Canada (I. Pringle). English teaching in England and Wales (R. Carter). English teaching in Scotland (R. Cairns). English teaching in USA (R.E Shafer†). French teaching in France (D. Ager). National oracy project (J.A. Johnson). National writing projects (P. Czerniewska). Schools council UK (J.J. Pearce). Standards, scales, and guidelines (B. Spolsky). Grammar in Mother Tongue Teaching. Grammar in British schools (A.M. Philp). Grammar (Mother Tongue) (R. Dirven). Grammar teaching (Mother Tongue) (W.B. Elley). Language awareness (E.W. Hawkins). Systemic grammar applied (C.S. Butler). Reading in the Mother Tongue. Literature teaching (R.A. Carter). Miscue analysis (H. Arnold). Readability (C. Harrison). Reading: acquisition (J. Oakhill). Reading and writing disorders: intervention (M.J. Snowling, A. Edmundson). Reading: early (J. Masterson). Reading difficulties (M.J. Snowling). Reading inventories (E. Goodacre). Reading recovery (N. Hall). Reading teaching: materials (K. Perera). Reading teaching: methods (R. Beard). Reading: testing (P.D. Pumfrey). Reading: theories (G.E. MacKinnon). Spelling in the Mother Tongue.
Spelling (D. Bentley). Spelling errors: English (C. Sterling). Spelling: invented (C. Read). Spelling: learning (N. Goulandris). Spelling tests (C. Sterling). Writing in the Mother Tongue. Writing: process approach (P. Czerniewska). Writing in school (J. Harris). Writing instruction (S.W. Freedman).

Teaching Additional Languages. Second and Foreign Language Learning. Basic English (W.T. Gordon). Communication strategies (N. Poulisse). Contrastive and error analysis (H. Ringbom). Culture (C. Morgan). Intercultural discourse (M. Clyne). Interlanguage (E. Tarone). Language for special purposes (A. Johns). Learning strategies (R.L. Oxford). Morphology (I.S.P. Nation). Motivation (Z. Dörnyei). Native speaker (A. Davies). Needs analysis (J.L. Clark). Second language learning (B. McLaughlin, S. Robbins). Second language learning: individual differences (R.L. Oxford). The teaching of English as a foreign language (G. Abbott). SLA (Second Language Acquisition). Lexis: acquisition (P. Meara). Phonology in second language acquisition (A.R. James). Second language acquisition: conversation (S.M. Gass). Second language acquisition: history and theories (K.R. Gregg). Second language acquisition: sign language (J.G. Kyle). Semantics (N. Dittmar). Syntax in second language acquisition (M.A. Sharwood Smith). Text (J. House). Second and Foreign Language Pedagogy. ASTP (B. Spolsky). Content-based instruction (CBI) (J. Crandall). Fluency and accuracy (I.S.P. Nation). Grammar teaching (Foreign Language) (D. Larsen-Freeman). History of second language teaching (A.P.R. Howatt). Immersion (R. Lyster). Intensity (K. Reeder). Language for special purposes: pedagogy (A. Johns). Listening: second language pedagogy (N.F. Whitney). Phonetic pedagogy (J.C. Catford). Pronunciation (D. Porter). Reading: second language (E. Williams). Second language teaching (D.A. Wilkins). Second language teaching methods (W.T. Littlewood). Speaking: second language pedagogy (M. Bygate). Starting early (J.L.M. Trim). Ulpan (B. Spolsky). Vocabulary: second language pedagogy (P.J. Scholfield). Writing: second language pedagogy (T. Hedge). Testing. Foreign language testing (R. Kelly). Language testing (B. Spolsky). Language testing: alternative methods (K. Smith). Language testing: fundamentals (A.J. Kunnan). Language testing: impact (E. Shohamy). Language testing in mother tongue (D. Spearritt). Language testing: methods (C.A. Chapelle). Language testing: users and uses (T. McNamara). The Profession. Institutions. Journals (A. Valdman). Professional associations (R. Young). Research centers (B. Spolsky). Summer institute of linguistics (J. Bendor-Samuel). People. Ascham, Roger (1515–68) (A.P.R. Howatt). Alatis, James Efstathios (1926– ) (E.M. Anthony). Candlin, Christopher N. (1940– ) (K. Sajavaara). Carroll, John Bissell (1916– ) (C.W. Stansfield). Caxton, William (ca. 1415–91) (W. Hüllen). Cazden, Courtney B. (1925– ) (P. Ulichny). Clay, Marie M. (1926– ) (S. McNaughton). Comenius, Jan Amos Komensky (1592–1670) (J.L.M. Trim). Cooper, Robert Leon (1931– ) (B. Spolsky). Corder, S. Pit (1918–90) (L. Selinker). Elphinston, James (1721–1809) (A.P.R. Howatt). Ferguson, Charles A. (1921–98) (J.A. Fishman). Finocchiaro, Mary Bonomo (1913–96) (J.E. Alatis). Fishman, Joshua A. (1926– ) (B. Spolsky). Greenbaum, Sidney (1929–96) (B. Aarts). Halliday, Michael Alexander Kirkwood (1925– ) (J. Fine). Haugen, Einar (1906–94) (N. Hasselmo). Heath, Shirley Brice (C.B. Cazden). Hill, Archibald A. (1902–92) (C.W. Hayes). Hornby, Albert Sidney (1898–1978) (A.P.R. Howatt). Hymes, Dell Hathaway (1927– ) (N.H. Hornberger). Jones, Daniel (1881–1967) (B.S. Collins). Kaplan, Robert B. (W. Grabe). Kennedy, Benjamin Hall (1804–89) (C.A. Stray). Krashen, Stephen D. (1941– ) (D.E. Eskey). Labov, William (1927– ) (S. Romaine). Lado, Robert (1915–95) (J.E. Alatis). Lambert, Wallace E. (1922– ) (G.R. Tucker). Lee, William Rowland (1911–96) (J.E. Alatis). Mulcaster, Richard (1532–1611) (A.P.R. Howatt). Nickel, Gerhard (1928– ) (K. Sajavaara). Nida, Eugene Albert (1914– ) (R.E. Longacre). Palmer, Harold Edward (1877–1949) (A.P.R. Howah). Passy, Paul Edouard (1859–1940) (J.A. Kemp). Paulston, Christina Bratt (1932– ) (M. Swain). Piaget, Jean (1896–1980) (M.L. Donaldson). Pitman, Sir Isaac (1813–97) (M.K.C. MacMahon). Quirk, Charles Randolph (1920– ) (J. Roberts). Ratke, Wolfgang (1571–1635) (J.B. Walmsley). Richards, I. A. (1893–1979) (J.P. Russo). Rivers, Wilga (1919– ) (R. Steele). Robinett, Betty Wallace (1919– ) (B.T. Downing). Smith, Henry Lee (1913–72) (C.A. Farley-Winer). Sonnenschein, Edward Adolf (1851–1929) (J.B. Walmsley). Stern, H. H. (David) (1913–87) (B. Harley, A. Weinrib). Strevens, Peter (1922–89) (H.G. Widdowson). Swain, Merrill K. (1944– ) (A. Cumming). Trim, John L.M. (J Sheils). Troike, Rudolph C. (1933– ) (G.R. Tucker). Tucker, G. Richard (1942– ) (J. Crandall). Twaddell, William Freeman (1906–82) (W.N. Francis). Valdman, Albert (1931– ) (B. Spolsky). Van Els, Theo (1936– ) (K. de Bot). Widdowson, H.G. (G. Cook).


© Pergamon 1999
Hardcover ISBN:
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About the Editor

B. Spolsky

Affiliations and Expertise

Bar-Ilan University, Israel


@from:Joyce Milambiling, University of Northern Iowa @qu:...a substantial, one-volume book that defines and presents many aspects of the field of educational linguistics.... very useful to have material on so many different aspects of language and education in one place, as well as to have access to bibliographies that have been compiled by these authors who come from such disparate disciplines.... Many of the contributors are internationally known for writing on their chosen topic...fulfills the mission of an encyclopedia in that the contents are a comprehensive treatment of a particular branch of knowledge and go beyond merely defining the topics and sub-topics.... Concise Encyclopedia of Educational Linguistics will be a valuable addition to the reference secton of libraries and to the reference book collections of scholars who would like to have an authoritative encyclopedia on educational linguistics. @source:LINGUIST List @from:Raphael Salkie, University of Brighton @qu:...a wide-ranging, informative resource which should be in every college library.... a rich and valuable book, and I shall recommend it often and enthusiastically to my students. It summarises a huge amount of material in an intelligible way, and readers will come away from it better informed, more effective and more civilised. @source:The Times Higher Education Supplement @from:John Edwards, St. Francis Xavier University, Canada @qu:This 'spin-off volume' is a very welcome one ... The single greatest strength of this collection is the expertise of the contributors. Spolsky has assembled here a stellar cast. Time and again one finds the articles to be written by just the authors one would have selected oneself. ... Overall, I find this an extremely useful compendium. ... It would be wrong to think of this encyclopedia solely in terms of students and beginners. Its level makes it a useful reference for all who wish a brief but intelligent resume of language areas outside their own expertise. @source:Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development @from:Peter D. Pumfrey @qu:...there is much here for any professional involved in research and practice related both to education and language. ...In its field, this book is an conceptual cornucopia. As a book of reference, its users will find it an invaluable research resource. ...Without a doubt, it is 'user-friendly' by virtue of its organisation and the excellent indexing. @source:Psychology of Education Review a successful reference source for all researchers in the field. It provides state-of-the-art description of all the topics of interest to language educators and all those concerned with making and implementing policy in language education. ...a most important reference book for all libraries in colleges, university departments and educational institutes. @source:Educational Book Review