Computers as Components

Computers as Components

Principles of Embedded Computing System Design

3rd Edition - May 9, 2012

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  • Author: Marilyn Wolf
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123884428

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Description

Computers as Components: Principles of Embedded Computing System Design, Third Edition, presents essential knowledge on embedded systems technology and techniques. Updated for today's embedded systems design methods, this volume features new examples including digital signal processing, multimedia, and cyber-physical systems. It also covers the latest processors from Texas Instruments, ARM, and Microchip Technology plus software, operating systems, networks, consumer devices, and more. Like the previous editions, this textbook uses real processors to demonstrate both technology and techniques; shows readers how to apply principles to actual design practice; stresses necessary fundamentals that can be applied to evolving technologies; and helps readers gain facility to design large, complex embedded systems. Updates in this edition include: description of cyber-physical systems; exploration of the PIC and TI OMAP processors; high-level representations of systems using signal flow graphs; enhanced material on interprocess communication and buffering in operating systems; and design examples that include an audio player, digital camera, and cell phone. The author maintains a robust ancillary site at http://www.marilynwolf.us/CaC3e/index.html which includes a variety of support materials for instructors and students, including PowerPoint slides for each chapter; lab assignments developed for multiple systems including the ARM-based BeagleBoard computer; downloadable exercises solutions and source code; and links to resources and additional information on hardware, software, systems, and more. This book will appeal to students in an embedded systems design course as well as to researchers and savvy professionals schooled in hardware or software design.

Key Features

  • Description of cyber-physical systems: physical systems with integrated computation to give new capabilities
  • Exploration of the PIC and TI OMAP multiprocessors
  • High-level representations of systems using signal flow graphs
  • Enhanced material on interprocess communication and buffering in operating systems
  • Design examples include an audio player, digital camera, cell phone, and more

Readership

Students in an embedded systems design course as well as researchers and savvy professionals schooled in hardware or software design.

Table of Contents

  • Dedication

    Foreword to the First Edition

    Preface to the First Edition

    Preface to the Second Edition

    Preface to the Third Edition

    Chapter 1. Embedded Computing

    Chapter Points

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Complex Systems and Microprocessors

    1.3 The Embedded System Design Process

    1.4 Design Example: Model Train Controller

    1.5 A Guided Tour of This Book

    1.6 Summary

    What we Learned

    Further Reading

    Chapter 2. Instruction Sets

    Chapter Points

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Preliminaries

    2.3 ARM Processor

    2.4 PICmicro Mid-Range Family

    2.5 TI C55x DSP

    2.6 TI C64x

    2.7 Summary

    What we Learned

    Further reading

    Chapter 3. CPUs

    Chapter Points

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Programming Input and Output

    3.3 Supervisor Mode, Exceptions, and Traps

    3.4 Co-Processors

    3.5 Memory System Mechanisms

    3.6 CPU Performance

    3.7 CPU Power Consumption

    3.8 Design Example: Data Compressor

    3.9 Summary

    What we Learned

    Further reading

    Chapter 4. Computing Platforms

    Chapter Points

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Basic Computing Platforms

    4.3 The CPU Bus

    4.4 Memory Devices and Systems

    4.5 Designing with Computing Platforms

    4.6 Consumer Electronics Architecture

    4.7 Platform-Level Performance Analysis

    4.8 Design Example: Alarm Clock

    4.9 Design Example: Audio Player

    4.10 Summary

    What we Learned

    Further reading

    Chapter 5. Program Design and Analysis

    Chapter Points

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Components for Embedded Programs

    5.3 Models of Programs

    5.4 Assembly, Linking, and Loading

    5.5 Compilation Techniques

    5.6 Program-Level Performance Analysis

    5.7 Software Performance Optimization

    5.8 Program-Level Energy and Power Analysis and Optimization

    5.9 Analysis and Optimization of Program Size

    5.10 Program Validation and Testing

    5.11 Design Example: Software Modem

    5.12 Design Example: Digital Still Camera

    5.13 Summary

    What we Learned

    Further reading

    Chapter 6. Processes and Operating Systems

    Chapter Points

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Multiple Tasks and Multiple Processes

    6.3 Multirate Systems

    6.4 Preemptive Real-Time Operating Systems

    6.5 Priority-Based Scheduling

    6.6 Interprocess Communication Mechanisms

    6.7 Evaluating Operating System Performance

    6.8 Power Optimization Strategies for Processes

    6.9 Example Real-Time Operating Systems

    6.10 Design Example: Telephone Answering Machine

    6.11 Design Example: Engine Control Unit

    6.12 Summary

    What we Learned

    Further reading

    Chapter 7. System Design Techniques

    Chapter Points

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Design Methodologies

    7.3 Requirements Analysis

    7.4 Specifications

    7.5 System Analysis and Architecture Design

    7.6 Quality Assurance

    7.7 Summary

    What we Learned

    Further reading

    Chapter 8. Networks and Multiprocessors

    Chapter Points

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Why Networks and Multiprocessors?

    8.3 Categories of Multiprocessors

    8.4 Distributed Embedded Systems

    8.5 MPSoCs and Shared Memory Multiprocessors

    8.6 Design Example: Video Accelerator

    8.7 Application Example: Compact Disc

    8.8 Summary

    Further Reading

    Glossary

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 528
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Morgan Kaufmann 2012
  • Published: May 9, 2012
  • Imprint: Morgan Kaufmann
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123884428

About the Author

Marilyn Wolf

Marilyn Wolf is Elmer E. Koch Professor of Engineering and Chair of the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of Nebraska Lincoln. She received her BS, MS, and PhD in electrical engineering from Stanford University. She was with AT&T Bell Laboratories from 1984 to 1989, was on the faculty of Princeton University from 1989 to 2007 and was Farmer Distinguished Chair in Embedded Computing Systems and GRA Eminent Scholar at the Georgia Institute of Technology from 2007 to 2019. Her research interests include cyber-physical systems, Internet-of-Things, embedded computing, embedded computer vision, and VLSI systems. She has received the IEEE Computer Society Goode Memorial Award, the ASEE Terman Award, and IEEE Circuits and Systems Society Education Award. She is a Fellow of the IEEE and ACM and a Golden Core member of IEEE Computer Society. She is the author of several successful Morgan Kaufmann textbooks: Computers as Components, Fourth Edition (2016); High-Performance Embedded Computing, Second Edition (2014); Embedded System Interfacing, First Edition (2019); and The Physics of Computing, First Edition (2016).

Affiliations and Expertise

Chair, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA

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