Computers and the Cybernetic Society

Computers and the Cybernetic Society

2nd Edition - January 1, 1984

Write a review

  • Author: Michael A. Arbib
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483272009

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (PDF)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order

Description

Computers and the Cybernetic Society, Second Edition examines the impact of computers on the cybernetic society and covers topics such as expert systems, management applications, and office automation. The idea of a computer program is considered, along with data banks and the movement and storage of information. Advances in computer technology are also discussed. Comprised of nine chapters, this book begins with an assessment of the interaction between computer developments and social pressures. The interplay between the exciting possibilities of computer networking and the social implications of computer technology is highlighted by focusing on planning networks and public information networks. The next two chapters provide a basic understanding of computers and programming by describing key concepts such as computer graphics, networks, microcomputers, and program design. The next five chapters give a comprehensive overview of the impact of computers on the cybernetic society. The final chapter explains how hardware works and describes the circuitry that computers use to execute a program at the level of machine-language instructions. This monograph is intended for both students and instructors in the fields of computer science and cybernetics.

Table of Contents


  • 1 Social Issues in the Cybernetic Society

    Introduction

    The Computer Revolution

    The Design of Social Systems in a Free Society

    Networks in National and International Politics

    Public-Information Networks

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    2 About Computers and Programs

    2.1 The Idea of a Program

    Programming a Simple Robot

    Programs in Perspective

    A Digital Wristwatch

    Bugs and Learning

    A Walk through the Computer Center

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    2.2 Moving and Storing Information

    The Shape of a Computer System

    Coding

    Payroll Job

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    2.3 Translators, Operating Systems, and Time-Sharing

    Translators

    Operating Systems

    Time-Sharing

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    3 Advances in Computer Technology

    3.1 Graphics and Networks

    Computer Graphics

    The Squiral Nebula

    Computer Networks

    Computer Conferencing

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    3.2 The Shrinking Machine and Personal Computers

    Hardware Trends and Microcomputers

    New Uses for Microcomputers

    The Shrinking Machine

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    3.3 Writing and Rewriting Large Programs

    Large Programs

    Top-Down Design

    Programming Teams

    Program Validation

    Rewriting

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    4 The Rise of the Data Bank

    4.1 Data-Base Management

    A Data Base for Airline Reservations

    The Problem of Security

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    4.2 Computers, Cash, and Crime

    The Checkless Society

    A Sampler of Computer Crimes

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    4.3 Data Banks and Privacy

    The Need to Control Data Banks

    The Privacy Act of 1974

    Implications and Developments

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    5 Artificial and Natural Intelligence

    5.1 Brains, Minds, and Computers

    An Overview of the Brain

    Cooperative Computation

    Control of Movement

    Sight

    Brain Technology

    Mind and Mechanism

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    5.2 Robotics and Planning

    Scene Analysis

    Planning

    Recursion

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    5.3 Natural Language Understanding and Expert Systems

    Syntax and Semantics

    Talking about the Blocks World

    Speech Understanding

    Expert Systems

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    6 Simulating Complex systems

    6.1 The Idea of Simulation

    The State of a System

    Negative Feedback

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    6.2 Prey and Predators

    Isolated Species

    Putting the Species Together

    Solving the Problem

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    6.3 Management Simulation

    Fundamentals of Systems Dynamics

    The Compound-Interest Model

    The Inventory Management Model

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    6.4 World Simulation

    Garbage In/Garbage Out

    The Limits to Growth

    A Regional Approach to Global Planning

    The Danger of Despair

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    7 Learning and Working

    7.1 Computers in Education

    Drill and Practice CAI

    Tutorial CAI

    Dialog-Inquiry CAI

    The Computer as an Aid to Discovery

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    7.2 Information Flow in the Cybernetic Society

    Making the News Responsive

    Computers and Communication

    The Computerized Library

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    7.3 Automation in Industry and the Office

    The Industrial Revolution

    From Assembly Line to Automation

    Automation and the Unions

    Cars and Computers

    Office Automation

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    8 Networks and Politics

    8.1 Networks for Planning

    The Idea of a Planning Network

    Networks for Local Planning

    Networks for Distributed Planning

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    8.2 Democracy in the Computer Age

    What Is Democracy?

    Decisions Take Time and Knowledge

    Information Networks

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    8.3 Computers in War and Peace

    Guided Missiles

    Sensor Arrays

    Some Moral Issues

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    8.4 A Brain for Planet Earth

    Grand Aims and Realistic Subgoals

    The Diversity of Nation-States

    From Regional Simulations to Global Networks

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    9 Down and Up from Machine Language

    9.1 How Hardware Works

    Instructions and Data in Memory

    An Instruction Set

    Getting Information in and out of Memory

    How the Computer Follows a Program

    The FETCH Cycle for (109) = ADD 37

    The EXECUTE Cycle for ADD 37

    The FETCH Cycle for (110) = JMP 114

    The EXECUTE Cycle for JMP 114

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    9.2 Programming and Compiling

    Adding 100 Numbers

    Compiling

    Summary

    Glossary Words

    Exercises

    Suggestions for Further Reading

    Glossary

    Name Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 512
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1984
  • Published: January 1, 1984
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483272009

About the Author

Michael A. Arbib

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Computers and the Cybernetic Society"