Computer Systems for Human Systems - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080230290, 9781483145709

Computer Systems for Human Systems

1st Edition

Authors: Ada Demb
eBook ISBN: 9781483145709
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1979
Page Count: 204
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Description

Computer Systems for Human Systems focuses on the human dynamics associated with the implementation of centralized computer systems. Based on a study conducted in 1974 and 1975 in the United States, it describes a coherent framework for the management of information systems development. This framework is designed to provide those involved in the development and implementation of computer-based information systems (decision-support systems) with an outline of the analytic resources available to them as they set about their complex task.

Comprised of 11 chapters, this book begins with a review of the research and conventional wisdom from the information systems literature and a list of 32 "myths" or "predictions." Major concepts from organization development theory and research are then outlined, with emphasis on the management of change and internal organizational dynamics. These concepts are then applied to the findings from earlier chapters to systematize the "predictions" and to provide a more general analytic framework for the management of information system development. Subsequent chapters present a case study of a 10-campus college system which decided to centralize all computer facilities in 1972. The study examines progress, the impacts of the system on management activity, and managerial response to the system. The final chapter summarizes the findings from the field study, relates them to the concepts and predictions outlined earlier, and generates a set of recommendations for management action.

This monograph will be of interest to systems designers, information systems managers, and those involved with computer-based systems.

Table of Contents


List of Tables


List of Figures


Preface


Chapter 1 Introduction


The Approach


Information Systems Literature: The Conventional Wisdom


Organization Development Theory


The Field Study


General Implications for Management


Chapter 2 Impacts on Organizations and Management


Managers and Their Context


The Relationship of MIS to Management Functions


Development of Staff and Computer Facilities


Chapter 3 Implementation


The Research: Variables Analyzed


Prescriptive Literature


Examples from Higher Education


Chapter 4 The Great Debate: Centralized vs. Decentralized EDP Systems


Introduction


Hardware


Data Base


Staff


Software


The Debate Issues


Summary of Issues from the Information Systems Literature


Chapter 5 Organizational Change


Introduction


A Model for Planned Change


Complementarity with MIS Research


Chapter 6 Organizational Impacts


Introduction


Individual Actors


Group Actors


Interactions Among Actors


The Content of Interactions


Summary


Chapter 7 The Field Study


The Research Site: A Brief Description


Participation in the Study


Chapter 8 Data Collection


The Interview Process


The Questionnaire


Historical and Other Descriptive Data


Framework for Case Analysis


Chapter 9 Computer Systems Old and New


Chronology


The State of Computing, 1972


Recommendations for the New System


The State of Computer Activities, 1974, Winter


Summary


Chapter 10 Reactions to the

Details

No. of pages:
204
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1979
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483145709

About the Author

Ada Demb

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