Comprehensive Nuclear Materials - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080560274, 9780080560335

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials

1st Edition

Editor-in-Chiefs: Rudy Konings
Hardcover ISBN: 9780080560274
eBook ISBN: 9780080560335
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 17th February 2012
Page Count: 3560
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Comprehensive Nuclear Materials discusses the major classes of materials suitable for usage in nuclear fission, fusion reactors and high power accelerators, and for diverse functions in fuels, cladding, moderator and control materials, structural, functional, and waste materials. The work addresses the full panorama of contemporary international research in nuclear materials, from Actinides to Zirconium alloys, from the worlds' leading scientists and engineers.

Key Features

  • Critically reviews the major classes and functions of materials, supporting the selection, assessment, validation and engineering of materials in extreme nuclear environment
  • Fully integrated with, a proprietary database containing useful cross-referenced property data on the lanthanides and actinides
  • Details contemporary developments in numerical simulation, modelling, experimentation, and computational analysis, for effective implementation in labs and plants


The work will be suitable for graduate students and above studying any materials aspect of nuclear science within academia, and engineering, as well as professional nuclear engineers and research scientists

Table of Contents

Fundamental Properties of Defects in Metals
Fundamental Point Defect Properties in Ceramics
Radiation-Induced Effects on Microstructure
Radiation-Induced Effects on Material Properties of Metals (Mechanical and Dimensional)
Radiation-Induced Effects on Material Properties of Ceramics (Mechanical and Dimensional)
The Effects of Helium in Irradiated Structural Alloys
Radiation Damage Using Ion Beams
Ab Initio Electronic Structure Calculations for Nuclear Materials
Molecular Dynamics
Interatomic Potential Development
Primary Radiation Damage Formation
Atomic-Level Level Dislocation Dynamics in Irradiated Metals
Mean Field Reaction Rate Theory
Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulations of Irradiation Effects
Phase Field Methods
Dislocation Dynamics
Computational Thermodynamics: Application to Nuclear Materials
Radiation-Induced Segregation
The Actinides Elements: Properties and Characteristics
Thermodynamic and Thermophysical Properties of the Actinide Oxides
Thermodynamic and Thermophysical Properties of the Actinide Nitrides
Thermodynamic and Thermophysical Properties of the Actinide Carbides
Phase Diagrams of Actinide Alloys
The U-F System
Zirconium Alloys: Properties and Characteristics
Nickel Alloys: Properties and Characteristics
Properties of Austenitic Steels for Nuclear Reactor Applications
Graphite: Properties and Characteristics
Neutron Reflector Materials (Be, Hydrides)
Proerties and Characteristics of SiC and SiC/SiC Composites
Proerties and Characteristics of ZrC
Properties of Liquid Metal Coolants
Uranium Oxide and MOX Production
Burnable Poison-Doped Fuel
Thermal Properties of Irradiated UO₂ and MOX
Radiation Effects in UO2
Fuel Performance of Light Water Reactors (Uranium Oxide and MOX)
Fission Product Chemistry in Oxide Fuels
Fuel Performance of Fast Spectrum Oxide Fuel
Transient Response of LWR Fuels (RIA)
Behaviour of LWR Fuel During Loss-of_Coolant  Accidents
Behaviour of Fast Reactor Fuels During Transient and Accident Conditions
Core Concrete Interaction
Metal Fuel
Nitride Fuel
Carbide Fuel
Thorium Oxide  Fuel
Actinide Bearing Fuels and Transmutation Targets
TRISO Fuel Production
TRISO-Coated Particle Fuel Performance
Advanced Concepts in TRISO Fuel
Inert Matrix Fuel
Composite Fuel (CERMET, CERCER)
Sphere-Pac and VIPAC Fuel
Uranium-Zirconium Hydride Fuel
Molten Salt Reactor Fuel and Coolant
Uranium Inter-Metallic Fuels (U-Al, U-Si, U-Mo)
Metal Fuel-Cladding Interaction
Ceramic Fuel-Cladding Interaction
Thermal Spectrum Control Rod Materials
Fast Spectrum Control Rod Materials
Oxide Fuel Performance Modelling and Simulation
Modeling of Fission-Gas Induced Swelling of Nuclear Fuels
Matter Transport in Fast Reactor Fuels
Modelling of Pellet Cladding Interaction
Metal Fuel Performance Modelling and Simulation
TRISO Fuel Performance Modelling and Simulation
Modeling of Sphere-Pac Fuel
Radiation Effects in Zirconium Alloys
Radiation Damage in Austenitic Steels
Ferritic Steels and Advanced Ferritic-Martensitic Steels
Radiation Effects in Nickel-Based Alloys
Radiation Damage of Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels
Radiation Effects in Refractory Metals and Alloys
Radiation Effects in SiC and SiC-SiC
Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Steels
Welds for Nuclear Systems
Radiation Effects in Graphite
Graphite in Gas-Cooled Reactors
Vanadium for Nuclear Systems
Fracture Toughness Master Curve of BCC Steels
Ceramic Breeder Materials
Tritium Barriers and Tritium Diffusion in Fusion Reactors
Tungsten as a Plasma-Facing Material
Carbon as a Fusion Plasma-Facing Material
Beryllium as a Plasma-Facing Material for Near-Term Fusion Devices
Physical and Mechanical Properties of Copper and Copper Alloys
Ceramic Coating as Insulators
Radiation Effects on the Physical Properties of Dielectric Insulators for Fusion Reactors
Corrosion and Compatibility
Water Chemistry Control in LWRs
Corrosion of Zirconium Alloys
Corrosion and Stress Corrosion Cracking of Ni-Base Alloys
Corrosion and Stress Corrosion Cracking of Austenitic Stainless Steels
Corrosion and Environmentally-Assisted Cracking of Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels
Performance of Aluminium in Research Reactors
Irradiation Assisted Stress Corrosion Cracking
Material Performance in Lead-Alloys
Material Performance in Molten Salts
Material Performance in Helium-Cooled Systems
Material Performance in Supercritical Water
Material Performance in Sodium
Spent Fuel Dissolution and Reprocessing Processes
Degradation Issues in Aqueous Reprocessing Systems
Spent Fuel as Waste Material
Waste Containers
Waste Glass
Ceramic Waste Forms
Metallic Waste Forms
Minerals and Natural Analogues


No. of pages:
© Elsevier Science 2012
Elsevier Science
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor-in-Chief

Rudy Konings

Rudy Konings is currently head of the Materials Research Unit in the Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU) of the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission. His research interests are nuclear reactor fuels and actinide materials, with particular emphasis on high temperature chemistry and thermodynamics. Before joining ITU, he worked on nuclear fuel related issues at ECN (the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands) and NRG (Nuclear Research and Consultancy group) in the Netherlands. Rudy Konings is editor of Journal of Nuclear Materials, and is professor at the Delft University of Technology (Netherlands), where he holds the chair of "Chemistry of the nuclear fuel cycle".

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute for Transuranium Elements, Karlsruhe, Germany


From the Foreword:
Nuclear materials” denotes a field of great breadth and depth, whose topics address applications and facilities that depend upon nuclear reactions. The major topics within the field are devoted to the materials science and engineering surrounding fission and fusion reactions in energy conversion reactors. Most of the rest of the field is formed of the closely related materials science needed for the effects of energetic particles on the targets and other radiation areas of charged particle accelerators and plasma devices. A more complete but also more cumbersome descriptor, thus, would be “the science and engineering of materials for fission reactors, fusion reactors, and closely related topics”. In these areas the very existence of such technologies turns upon our capabilities to understand the physical behavior of materials. Performance of facilities and components to the demanding limits required are dictated by the capabilities of materials to withstand unique and aggressive environments. The unifying concept that runs through all aspects is the effect of radiation on materials. In this way the main feature is somewhat analogous to the unifying concept of elevated temperature in that part of materials science and engineering termed “high-temperature materials.

Nuclear materials came into existence in the 1950s, and began to grow as an internationally recognized field of endeavor late in that decade. The beginning in this field has been attributed to presentations and discussions that occurred at the First and Second International Conferences on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, held in Geneva in 1955 and 1958. Journal of Nuclear Materials, which is the home journal for this area of materials science, was founded in 1959. The development of nuclear materials science and engineering took place in the same rapid growth time period as the parent field of materials science and engineering. And similarly to the parent field, nuclear materials draws together the formerly separate disciplines of metallurgy, solid-state physics, ceramics, and materials chemistry that were early devoted to nuclear applications. The small priesthood of first researchers in half a dozen countries has now grown to a cohort of thousands, whose home institutions are anchored in more than 40 nations.

The prodigious work, Comprehensive Nuclear Materials, captures the essence and the extensive scope of the field. It provides authoritative chapters that review the full range of endeavor. In the present day of glance and click “reading” of short snippets from the Internet, this is an old-fashioned book in the best sense of the word, which will be available in both electronic and printed form. All of the main segments of the field are covered, as well as most of the specialized areas and subtopics. With well over 100 chapters, the reader finds thorough coverage on topics ranging from fundamentals of atom movements after displacement by energetic particles, to testing and engineering analysis methods of large components. All the materials classes that have main application in nuclear technologies are visited, and the most important of them are covered in exhaustive fashion. Authors of the chapters are practitioners who are at the highest level of achievement and knowledge in their respective areas. Many of these authors not only have lived through a substantial part of the history sketched above, but they themselves are the architects. Without those represented here in the author list, the field would certainly be a weaker reflection of itself. It is no small feat that so many of my distinguished colleagues could have been persuaded to join this collective endeavor and to make the real sacrifices entailed in such time consuming work. I congratulate the Editor, Rudy Konings, and the associate Editors, Roger Stoller, Todd Allen and Shinsuke Yamanaka. This book will be an important asset to young researchers entering the field as well as a valuable resource to workers engaged in the enterprise at present. --Dr. Louis K. Mansur, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA, May 2011