Description

Microbial natural products have been an important traditional source of valuable antibiotics and other drugs but interest in them waned in the 1990s when big pharma decided that their discovery was no longer cost-effective and concentrated instead on synthetic chemistry as a source of novel compounds, often with disappointing results. Moreover understanding the biosynthesis of complex natural products was frustratingly difficult. With the development of molecular genetic methods to isolate and manipulate the complex microbial enzymes that make natural products, unexpected chemistry has been revealed and interest in the compounds has again flowered. This two-volume treatment of the subject will showcase the most important chemical classes of complex natural products: the peptides, made by the assembly of short chains of amino acid subunits, and the polyketides, assembled from the joining of small carboxylic acids such as acetate and malonate. In both classes, variation in sub-unit structure, number and chemical modification leads to an almost infinite variety of final structures, accounting for the huge importance of the compounds in nature and medicine.

Key Features

* Gathers tried and tested methods and techniques from top players in the field. * Provides an extremely useful reference for the experienced research scientist. * Covers biosynthesis of Polyketides, Tarpenoids, Aminocoumarins and Crabohydrates

Readership

Researchers in cell, molecular and developmental biology; biochemists, pharmacologists, geneticists.

Table of Contents

Part 1: Polyketides Overview of polyketide biosynthesis A) Type I Structural studies i) Iterative Fungal PKSs/FASs Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) Enediynes ii) Modular Macrolides as a paradigm Macrolides - skipping and stuttering of modules Trans-AT class Polyethers Polyenes Polyketides in mycobacteria Docking of subunits Novel polyketides by genetic engineering De novo synthesis of pathway genes Precursor biosynthesis B) Type II In vitro analysis and engineering of novel compounds Bacterial fatty acid biosynthesis C) Type III In vitro / in vivo biochemical studies Structural studies Part 2: Terpenoids Enzymology and structural biology of terpenoid biosynthesis Part 3: Aminocoumarins Part 4: Carbohydrates Aminoglycosides Deoxysugar biosynthesis

Details

No. of pages:
398
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2009
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Electronic ISBN:
9780080923369
Print ISBN:
9780123745910
Print ISBN:
9780323164764

About the serial-volume-editor