Complex Enzymes in Microbial Natural Product Biosynthesis, Part B: Polyketides, Aminocoumarins and Carbohydrates - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123745910, 9780080923369

Complex Enzymes in Microbial Natural Product Biosynthesis, Part B: Polyketides, Aminocoumarins and Carbohydrates, Volume 459

1st Edition

Serial Volume Editors: David Hopwood
eBook ISBN: 9780080923369
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123745910
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 24th April 2009
Page Count: 398
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Table of Contents

Part 1: Polyketides

Overview of polyketide biosynthesis

A) Type I

Structural studies

i) Iterative

Fungal PKSs/FASs Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) Enediynes

ii) Modular

Macrolides as a paradigm Macrolides - skipping and stuttering of modules Trans-AT class Polyethers Polyenes Polyketides in mycobacteria Docking of subunits Novel polyketides by genetic engineering De novo synthesis of pathway genes Precursor biosynthesis

B) Type II

In vitro analysis and engineering of novel compounds Bacterial fatty acid biosynthesis

C) Type III

In vitro / in vivo biochemical studies Structural studies

Part 2: Terpenoids

Enzymology and structural biology of terpenoid biosynthesis

Part 3: Aminocoumarins

Part 4: Carbohydrates

Aminoglycosides Deoxysugar biosynthesis


Description

Microbial natural products have been an important traditional source of valuable antibiotics and other drugs but interest in them waned in the 1990s when big pharma decided that their discovery was no longer cost-effective and concentrated instead on synthetic chemistry as a source of novel compounds, often with disappointing results. Moreover understanding the biosynthesis of complex natural products was frustratingly difficult. With the development of molecular genetic methods to isolate and manipulate the complex microbial enzymes that make natural products, unexpected chemistry has been revealed and interest in the compounds has again flowered. This two-volume treatment of the subject will showcase the most important chemical classes of complex natural products: the peptides, made by the assembly of short chains of amino acid subunits, and the polyketides, assembled from the joining of small carboxylic acids such as acetate and malonate. In both classes, variation in sub-unit structure, number and chemical modification leads to an almost infinite variety of final structures, accounting for the huge importance of the compounds in nature and medicine.

Key Features

  • Gathers tried and tested methods and techniques from top players in the field.
  • Provides an extremely useful reference for the experienced research scientist.
  • Covers biosynthesis of Polyketides, Tarpenoids, Aminocoumarins and Crabohydrates

Readership

Researchers in cell, molecular and developmental biology; biochemists, pharmacologists, geneticists.


Details

No. of pages:
398
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2009
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780080923369
Hardcover ISBN:
9780123745910

About the Serial Volume Editors

David Hopwood Serial Volume Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

John Innes Centre and AFRC Institute of Plant Science Research, Norwich, UK