Comparative Nutrition Of Man and Domestic Animals  - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123955517, 9780323142984

Comparative Nutrition Of Man and Domestic Animals

1st Edition

Authors: H Mitchell
eBook ISBN: 9780323142984
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1962
Page Count: 724
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Description

Comparative Nutrition of Man and Domestic Animals, Volume I discusses practical phases in the evaluation of the nutrient requirements of man and his domesticated animals and the factors that modify these quanta. This book also covers various nutrients' biochemical nature, functions, and participation in the energy transactions of the body.
Organized into 11 chapters, the book initially discusses the principles of the basal metabolism and the activity increment and their role in evaluating maintenance requirement of human and animal for energy. The subsequent chapter focuses on the maintenance requirement of protein under stress and non-stress conditions. Other chapters discuss nutrient requirements for maintenance, such as water and minerals. The book also examines the nutrient requirements for muscle activities, growth, senescence, reproduction, and lactation. A discussion on the storage of nutritive material, such as water, protein, minerals, vitamins, and energy, is included.

This volume is an invaluable source for organic chemists, biochemists, animal physiologists, zoologists, and nutritionists.

Table of Contents


Preface

Contents of Volume II

Introduction

Section I: The Nutrient Requirements of the Animal Body. Requirements Represented by Nutrient Expenditures

1. The Maintenance Requirement of Energy: The Basal Metabolism

I. The Basal Metabolism

II . Basal Metabolism and Body Size

III. Factors Affecting the Basal Metabolism

References

2. The Maintenance Requirement of Energy: The Activity Increment

I. Measurement of Activity Increment

II. Mean Estimates and Variability of Activity Increment

References

3. The Maintenance Requirement of Protein

I. The Dichotomy Concept in Metabolism

II. The Dichotomy in Protein Metabolism

III. The Endogenous Metabolism of Nitrogen

IV. The Nature of the Endogenous Metabolism of Nitrogen and its Constancy

V. Relation between the Minimum Endogenous Nitrogen Metabolism and the Basal Metabolism of Energy

VI. Amino Acid Requirements for the Replacement of Endogenous Nitrogen Losses

VII. Is the Endogenous Loss of Nitrogen an Adequate Measure of the Net Protein Requirement for Maintenance?

VIII. Recapitulation

References

4. The Water Requirements for Maintenance

I. The Participation of Water in Body Functions

II. The Water Content of the Animal Body

III. The Water Compartments of the Body

IV. The Water Balance

V. The Requirements of Water for Maintenance

VI. Modification of Water Requirements by Prolonged Water Restriction

References

5. The Mineral Requirements of Maintenance

I. Occurrence of Minerals in Animal Tissues

II. Criteria of the Nutritional Essentiality of the Minerals

III. The Functions of Minerals in the Animal Body

IV. Mineral Requirements for Maintenance

V. Recapitulation

References

6. The Nutrient Requirements for Muscular Work

I. The Physiology and Biochemistry of Muscle

II. The Energetic Efficiency of Muscular Work

III. Factors Affecting the Energy Cost of Work

IV. The Nutrient Requirements of Muscular Work

Addendum

References

7. The Nutrient Requirements for Growth and Senescence

Part I. Growth

Part II. Senescence

8. The Storage of Nutrients in the Body, with Particular Reference to Fattening and Obesity

I. Introduction

II. The Storage of Water

III. The Storage of Protein

IV. The Storage of Minerals

V. Vitamin Storage

VI. The Storage of Energy

VII. Obesity

VIII. The Fattening of Farm Animals

IX. Obesity: Its Relation to Disease

X. Epilogue

References

9. The Nutrient Requirements for Mammalian Reproduction

I. Introduction

II. The Placenta

III. Length of Gestation Period

IV. Multiparity

V. Prenatal Growth

VI. The Heat Increment of Gestation

VII. Some Salient Features of the Metabolism in Pregnancy

VIII. The Total Nutrient Requirements for Pregnancy

References

10. The Nutrient Requirements for Lactation

I. Introduction

II. The Physiology of Lactation

III. The Biochemistry of Lactation

IV. The Nutrient Requirements for Milk Production

Addendum

References

11. The Nutrient Requirements for Egg Production

I. Introduction

II. The Domestic Fowl

III. The Nutrient Requirements of Poultry for Egg Production

References

Author Index

Subject Index




Details

No. of pages:
724
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1962
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323142984

About the Author

H Mitchell