Comparative Neurochemistry

Comparative Neurochemistry

Proceedings of the Fifth International Neurochemical Symposium

1st Edition - January 1, 1964

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  • Editor: Derek Richter
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483156606

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Comparative Neurochemistry, a collection of papers presented at the Fifth International Symposium of Comparative Neurochemistry, held at St. Wolfgang, Austria in 1962, deals with variations in neurochemical mechanisms in different animal species. The book integrates the data derived from comparative studies in different disciplines and assesses their significance in relation to the understanding of nervous mechanisms in animals, including human. The papers are grouped into sections, which cover general topics on functional organization in different species; lipids, proteins, and ribonucleic acid; amino acids in different species; energy metabolism and function; neurosecretory mechanisms; and comparative neuropharmacology. The text will be of interest to biologists, zoologists, pharmacologists, chemists, neurologists, and researchers in the pharmaceutical and chemical industries.

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments

    I Functional Organization in Different Species

    1. The Inter-Relation of Secretory and Nervous Function in the Central Nervous System of Lower Animals

    2. Ontogeny of Behavior and Its Structural Basis

    3. Non-Specific Systems and Differences between Neurons in Lower Animals

    4. Myelin Formation and Neuron Histogenesis in Tissue Culture

    5. Cytoplasmic Networks in Neurons

    II Lipids, Proteins and Ribonucleic Acid

    1. A Comparative Study of the Lipids of the Invertebrate and Vertebrate Nervous System

    2. The Distribution of Proteolipids in Different Animal Species

    3. Metabolism of Lipoproteins in Different Species

    4. Protein Metabolism of the Brain during Hibernation

    5. Proteins and Enzymes of the Nervous System in Different Species

    6. Distribution and Metabolism of Ribonucleic Acid in the Vertebrate Central Nervous System

    III Amino Acids in Different Species

    1. Comparative Aspects of the Distribution of Ninhydrin-Reactive Constituents in Nervous Tissue

    2. Distribution of Amino Acids in the Brain in Different Species

    3. Brain Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase and Synthesis of γ-Aminobutyric Acid in Vertebrate and Invertebrate Species

    4. The Uptake of Amino Acids by the Brain in Various Species

    IV Energy Metabolism and Function

    1. Carbon Dioxide Fixation in Vertebrate and Invertebrate Nervous Tissue

    2. Respiratory and Glycolytic Enzymes and Acetylcholinesterase in Relation to Hibernation and Arousal

    3. The Operation of the Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle in Brain Mitochondrial Preparations

    4. The Ion Distribution in Neural Systems of Different Species in Relation to Their Electrical Properties

    5. The Blood-Brain Barrier System in Various Species with Special Reference to Urea

    6. A Comparative Study of Normal and Beta-Irradiated Rats

    V Neurosecretory Mechanisms

    1. A Study of Neurosecretory Cells in the Optic Tentacles of Certain Gastropods

    2. Class and Species Differences in the Distribution of Hypothalamo-Neurohypophysial Peptides

    3. Contribution à l'histoenzymologie comparée de l'hypophyse

    4. The Neurohumoral Control of Heart Rate in Crustaceans

    VI Transmitter Substances: Distribution and Metabolism

    1. Aspects of Biologically Active Substances in Insects

    2. Acetylcholine in Non-Nervous Tissues of Insects

    3. Choline Acetylase in the Evolution of the Brain in Vertebrates

    4. The Quantitative Distribution of 5-Hydroxytryptamine in the Nervous System, Eyes and Other Organs of Some Vertebrates

    5. Formation, Storage and Metabolism of Serotonin (5-Hydroxytryptamine) and Catecholamines in Lower Vertebrates

    6. The Distribution and Metabolism of Catecholamines and 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Human Brain

    7. The Distribution of Histamine in Cat and Human Brain

    VII Comparative Neuropharmacology

    1. Some Species Differences in the Responses of Animals to Drugs

    2. Studies on Norepinephrine and 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Various Species

    3. Drugs Affecting the Sympathetic Regulation of Lipid Transport

    4. Behavioral Correlates of 6-Hydroxylation and the Effect of Psychotropic Tryptamine Derivatives on Brain Serotonin Levels

    5. The Effects of Reserpine and LSD on Molluscs

    6. The Effect of Phenothiazines on Some Invertebrate Animals

    7. Actions of Drugs and Toxic Substances on Nervous Tissues in Culture

    8. Toxic Compounds and Biologically Active Substances in Insects

    9. Neurochemical Mechanisms in Relation to Anthelmintic Action

    10. Physiological Effects of Holothurin

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 504
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1964
  • Published: January 1, 1964
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483156606

About the Editor

Derek Richter

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