Comparative Biochemistry V1

Comparative Biochemistry V1

A Comprehensive Treatise

1st Edition - January 1, 1960

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  • Editor: Marcel Florkin
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144469

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Description

Comparative Biochemistry: A Comprehensive Treatise, Volume I: Sources of Free Energy focuses on the desire to provide a sound, critical, and provocative summary of knowledge in comparative biochemistry, including thermodynamics, biological systems, oxidation, visual systems, and aerobic and anaerobic reactions of inorganic substances. The selection first offers information on the introduction to comparative biochemistry and thermodynamics of living systems. Discussions focus on comparative point of views in biology and biochemistry, classical thermodynamics, reaction rates in chemical and biological systems, and thermodynamics of open systems. The text then ponders on comparative mechanisms for fatty acid oxidation; phosphoric acid anhydrides and other energy-rich compounds; and onium compounds and their biological significance. The publication examines phototropism and phototaxis and distribution and evolution of visual systems. Topics include phototropism in plants, analysis of phototropic reaction, nature of photoreceptors, role of auxin in phototropism of plants, visual systems of vertebrates, and habitat relations. The book also tackles aerobic and anaerobic reactions of inorganic substances and comparative biochemistry of glycolysis. The selection is a dependable source of data for readers interested in the sources of free energy.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors to Volume I

    Preface

    Contents of Volumes II, III, and IV

    Guide to the Nomenclature

    1. An Introduction to Comparative Biochemistry

    I. The Comparative Point of View in Biology

    II. The Comparative Point of View in Biochemistry

    III. The Scope of Comparative Biochemistry 13

    References

    2. Thermodynamics of Living Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. Classical Thermodynamics

    III. Thermodynamics of Open Systems

    IV. Reaction Rates in Chemical and Biological Systems

    References

    3. Comparative Mechanisms for Fatty Acid Oxidation

    I. Energetics of Fatty Acid Oxidation

    II. Mechanism for Release of the Potential Energy in Fatty Acids

    III. Non-Energy-Yielding Systems

    IV. Mechanism of Odd-Chain Fatty Acid Oxidation

    V. Fatty Acid Oxidation—Comparative Aspects

    VI. Conclusion

    References

    4. Phosphoric Acid Anhydrides and Other Energy-Rich Compounds

    I. Introduction

    II. Chemical and Thermodynamic Aspects of "Energy-Rich" Compounds

    III. "Energy-Rich" Compounds in Biological Systems

    References

    5. Onium Compounds and their Biological Significance

    I. General Introduction, Natural Distribution, and Chemical Properties of Onium Compounds

    II. Aliphatic Quaternary Ammonium Compounds

    III. Heterocyclic Onium Compounds

    IV. Sulfonium Compounds

    V. Metabolism and Enzymology of Onium Compounds

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    6. Phototropism and Phototaxis

    I. Introductory

    II. "Phototropism" (The Phototactic Response) in Animals

    III. Phototropism in Plants

    IV. Analysis of the Phototropic Reaction

    V. The Role of Auxin in Phototropism of Plants

    VI. Nature of the Photoreceptors

    VII. Mechanisms

    References

    7. The Distribution and Evolution of Visual Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. Visual Systems of Vertebrates

    III. Habitat Relations: Freshwater Fishes Versus Marine Fishes and Land Vertebrates

    IV. Euryhaline Fishes

    V. Amphibia: Metamorphosis of Visual Systems

    VI. Vertebrate Visual Systems: Habitat Relations and Phylogeny

    VII. Lampreys

    VIII. Deep-Sea Fishes

    IX. Eels

    X. Invertebrates

    XI. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    8. Aerobic and Anaerobic Reactions of Inorganic Substances

    I. General Considerations

    II. Oxidation of Nitrogen Compounds

    III. Oxidation of Sulfur and Sulfur Compounds

    IV. Oxidation of Molecular Hydrogen

    V. Biological Litho-Oxidations of Secondary Importance

    References

    9. Comparative Biochemistry of Glycolysis

    I. Chemical Reactions Involved in Glycolysis

    II. Regulatory Factors

    III. Glycolysis in Specialized Tissues and Cells

    IV. Species and Tissue Specificities of Glycolytic Enzymes

    References

    10. Comparative Biochemistry of Electron Transport

    I. Introduction

    II. The Cytochrome Respiratory Chain

    III. Oxidative Phosphorylation

    IV. Other Respiratory Pathways

    V. Conclusion

    References

    11. Utilization of Thermal Energy by Living Organisms

    I. The Need of All Organisms for Thermal Energy: General Considerations

    II. Methods of Meeting Thermal Requirements

    III. Organisms with Unusual Thermal Requirements

    IV. Methods of Protection Against the Destructive Effects of Thermal Energy

    V. Thermal Energy as a Factor in Evolution

    Addendum

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 616
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1960
  • Published: January 1, 1960
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144469

About the Editor

Marcel Florkin

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