Communism in Europe

Communism in Europe

Continuity, Change, and the Sino-Soviet Dispute

1st Edition - January 1, 1964

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  • Editor: William E. Griffith
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483137438

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Communism in Europe: Continuity, Change, and the Sino-Soviet Dispute, Volume 1 focuses on the great changes in European communism and the role of several European Communist parties in Sino-Soviet rift. This book discusses the interaction between domestic and Sino-Soviet developments within the major European Communist states and parties. Organized into five chapters, this volume starts with an overview of the significant contribution of the Sino-Soviet rift in the consolidation of Polish moderation, ideological revisionism in Italian communism, and the extension of liberalization in Hungary. This text then examines the political and economic nationalism in Romania. Other chapters explore the internal retrogression and external rapprochement with Moscow in Yugoslavia. This book discusses as well the developments in European communism in general. The final chapter discusses the significance of the Tenth Congress of the Italian Communist Party (Partito comunista italiano). This book is a valuable resource for students, intellectual leaders, sociologists, and politicians.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One European Communism and the Sino-Soviet Rift



    East Europe: The Rightists

    East Europe: The Leftists

    West Europe: The Mass Parties in Italy and France

    West Europe: The Smaller Parties

    European Communism, the Common Market and the WFTU

    European Communist Reformism


    Chapter Two Yugoslav Communism

    The Background

    The Renewed Attempt at Rapprochement, 1957

    The Second Soviet-Yugoslav Break, 1957-1960

    The Retreat from Liberalization, 1961-1963

    Some Conclusions

    Chapter Three Polish Communism

    The Historical Background

    Between Hitler and Stalin, 1939-1945: The Rebirth of Today's Polish Communism and the Rise of Gomułka

    Gomułka and the Rightist Deviation, 1945-1948

    The Balance Between Tito and Mao, 1956-1958

    Gomułka's Own Road under Khrushchev's Protection

    Stabilization between Dogma and Reform, 1959-1961

    The Second Stalin Debate, 1961-1962

    Balance in Domestic Affairs, 1962-1963

    Difficult Balance in the Camp, 1962-1963

    The Specifics of Gomułkaism

    Chapter Four Hungarian Communism

    The International and National Framework

    Kádár's "Turn"

    The Personality of Kádár and of His Associates

    The Ideology of the New Regime

    Kádár and His Party

    The December 1956 Declaration

    The Stalinist Counterattack

    Kádár and Tito

    Hungarians and Chinese

    From the Execution of Imre Nagy to the New Collectivization

    Centrism in Kádár's Economic Policy

    Reinforcement of Kádár's Position and the Third Thaw, 1960-1964

    Kádárism: A Center-Right Communism

    Conclusion: Kádárism and Gomułkaism, Two Branches of Khrushchev's Centrism

    Appendix I: Tourism

    Appendix II: Hungarian Births and Abortions

    Appendix III: Text of the Declaration Read by Janos Kádár over Free Rossuth Radio on November 1, 1956

    Chapter Five Italian Communism


    The Roots of Revisionism

    The PCI Tenth Congress and the Polemics with the CCP

    The PCI's Relations with the PSI and the CGIL

    Changed PCI Attitude toward the CPSU


Product details

  • No. of pages: 416
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1964
  • Published: January 1, 1964
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483137438

About the Editor

William E. Griffith

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