Combustion Emissions - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128191262

Combustion Emissions

1st Edition

Formation, Reaction, and Removal of Trace Metals in Combustion Products

Authors: Keith Schofield
Paperback ISBN: 9780128191262
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 2020
Page Count: 550
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Combustion Emissions: Formation, Reaction and Removal of Trace Metals in Combustion Products presents the latest scientific knowledge of the combustion field with a particular focus on the behavior of elements in this high temperature method of energy generation. Dr. Schofield describes methods of control and establishes a solid base of understanding for future research, which increases productivity for energy researchers in combustion. Encyclopedic in style and consistent in format, each chapter systematically presents a complete analysis of the combustion behavior of each element and guides the reader in resolving specific problems safely and successfully. This includes source levels in fuels and fuel usage, emission and pollutant release into the environment and environmental effects, condensed phase nature and gas phase chemistry, expected behavior and examples from real cases.

Societal impacts and environmental concerns are considered throughout, highlighting sustainability aspects across a diverse range of applications such as within power plants, automobiles and propulsion. The inclusion of dynamic data will benefit engineers and scientists connected to high-temperature chemical systems crossing all technical areas from energy systems.

Key Features

  • Presents the latest research in a very systematic way, and indicates the most plausible approaches for resolving specific energy problems
  • Includes methods of control and establishes a base of understanding for future research in energy systems
  • Analyses the individual behavior of 34 elements in turn, considering their chemistry, nature and environmental impacts in combustion.


Engineers working in energy and combustion, scientists in high-temperature energy settings, those concerned with environmental pollution and waste disposal, researchers of alternative fuels for energy

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
    2. Recent concepts
    3. The generalities that now are apparent
    4. The importance of temperature, interaction time and heterogeneous collision frequency constraints: fuel-rich or -lean differences
    5. The nature of flame gases free of non-metallic content
    6. The role of particles, ash or surfaces
    7. Trace species reported combustion behavior and the chemistry within the modern framework of understanding:
    7.1. Alkalis
    7.2. Aluminum
    7.3. Antimony
    7.4. Arsenic
    7.5. Barium
    7.6. Beryllium
    7.7. Bismuth
    7.8. Boron
    7.9. Cadmium
    7.10. Calcium
    7.11. Chromium
    7.12. Cobalt
    7.13. Copper
    7.14. Iron
    7.15. Lead
    7.16. Magnesium
    7.17. Manganese
    7.18. Mercury
    7.19. Molybdenum (Tungsten)
    7.20. Nickel
    7.21. Phosphorus
    7.22. Scandium
    7.23. Selenium
    7.24. Silver
    7.25. Strontium
    7.26. Thallium
    7.27. Tin (Germanium)
    7.28. Titanium
    7.29. Uranium
    7.30. Vanadium
    7.3.1 Yttrium
    7.32. Zinc
    7.33. Zirconium
    8. Summary and conclusions


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2020
1st January 2020
Academic Press
Paperback ISBN:

About the Author

Keith Schofield

Professor Emeritus, University of California Santa Barbara Dr. Keith Schofield is President/CEO of ChemData Research Corporation and Emeritus Research Professor at the Materials Research Laboratory, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA. He is currently developing and supplying the technology for a new, low cost method, to control mercury emissions from coal combustors. Before taking up this position in 2009, Dr. Schofield was a Research professor at the University of California studying the combustion chemistry of traces of mercury and other trace metals that exist in fuel emissions. He is the CEO of ChemData Research and is a member of The Combustion Institute. He received his PhD in Physical Chemistry, and studied for his BA, from Cambridge University, United Kingdom.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor Emeritus, University of California Santa Barbara, CA, USA

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