Combined Cycle Systems for Near-Zero Emission Power Generation

Combined Cycle Systems for Near-Zero Emission Power Generation

1st Edition - April 12, 2012
  • Editor: Ashok Rao
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857090133
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096180

Purchase options

Purchase options
Available
DRM-free (EPub, PDF, Mobi)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order

Description

Combined cycle power plants are one of the most promising ways of improving fossil-fuel and biomass energy production. The combination of a gas and steam turbine working in tandem to produce power makes this type of plant highly efficient and allows for CO2 capture and sequestration before combustion. This book provides a comprehensive review of the design, engineering and operational issues of a range of advanced combined cycle plants.After introductory chapters on basic combined cycle power plant and advanced gas turbine design, the book reviews the main types of combined cycle system. Chapters discuss the technology, efficiency and emissions performance of natural gas-fired combined cycle (NGCC) and integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) as well as novel humid air cycle, oxy-combustion turbine cycle systems. The book also reviews pressurised fluidized bed combustion (PFBC), externally fired combined cycle (EFCC), hybrid fuel cell turbine (FC/GT), combined cycle and integrated solar combined cycle (ISCC) systems. The final chapter reviews techno-economic analysis of combined cycle systems.With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Combined cycle systems for near-zero emission power generation is a standard reference for both industry practitioners and academic researchers seeking to improve the efficiency and environmental impact of power plants.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive review of the design, engineering and operational issues of a range of advanced combined cycle plants
  • Introduces basic combined cycle power plant and advanced gas turbine design and reviews the main types of combined cycle systems
  • Discusses the technology, efficiency and emissions performance of natural gas-fired combined cycle (NGCC) systems and integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) systems, as well as novel humid air cycle systems and oxy-combustion turbine cycle systems

Readership

Industry practitioners and academic researchers seeking to improve the efficiency and environmental impact of power plants

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

    Preface

    Chapter 1: Combined cycle power plants

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Typical cycles

    1.3 The Brayton cycle (gas turbine)

    1.4 The Rankine cycle (steam turbine)

    1.5 The Brayton-Rankine cycle (gas turbine and steam turbine)

    1.6 Combined cycle power plant configurations

    1.7 NOx emissions

    1.8 Carbon capture and sequestration

    1.9 Plant operation

    1.10 Availability and reliability

    1.11 Major equipment

    Chapter 2: Advanced industrial gas turbines for power generation

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Gas turbine compressors

    2.3 Gas turbine combustors

    2.4 Gas turbine expander

    Chapter 3: Natural gas-fired combined cycle (NGCC) systems

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Technology, system design and equipment

    3.3 Criteria pollutants control

    3.4 Advantages and limitations

    3.5 Future trends for improvements in performance and emissions

    Chapter 4: Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) systems

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Technology, system design and equipment

    4.3 Prevention and control of pollutant emissions

    4.4 Advantages and limitations

    4.5 Future trends

    4.6 Conclusion

    4.7 Sources of further information

    Chapter 5: Novel cycles: humid air cycle systems

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Water mixing for power augmentation and NOx control

    5.3 Steam injected gas turbine (STIG) cycles

    5.4 Recuperated water injected (RWI) cycles

    5.5 Evaporative cycles

    5.6 Comparative performance analysis of natural gas-fired humidified air gas turbine cycles

    5.7 Water quality and condensate recovery

    5.8 Further application of humid air turbine (HAT) cycles

    5.9 Conclusions

    5.10 Sources of further information

    5.12 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 6: Novel cycles: oxy-combustion turbine cycle systems

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Oxy-fuel power cycle configurations

    6.3 Component and performance considerations

    6.4 Cycle operation and prospects for coal applications

    6.5 Conclusion

    Chapter 7: Pressurized fluidized bed combustion (PFBC) combined cycle systems

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Fluidized bed combustion: an overview

    7.2 Pressurized fluidized bed combustion

    7.4 Environmental performance

    7.5 Industrial power plants employing PFBC technology

    7.6 Improvements in thermal performance and environmental signature

    7.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 8: Externally fired combined cycle (EFCC) systems

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Background

    8.3 Early efforts in externally fired systems

    8.4 Large-scale EFCC programs

    8.5 Foster Wheeler high-performance power systems (HIPPS)

    8.6 United Technologies Research Center (UTRC) HIPPS

    8.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 9: Hybrid fuel cell gas turbine (FC/GT) combined cycle systems

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 The hybrid FC/GT concept

    9.3 Background

    9.4 Design considerations

    9.5 Cycle configurations

    9.6 Hybrid FC/GT system performance

    9.7 Hybrid system dynamic operation potential

    9.8 Commercialization status

    9.9 Conclusion

    9.11 Appendix: glossary

    Chapter 10: Integrated solar combined cycle (ISCC) systems

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Technology, system design and equipment

    10.3 Example of the evaluation process for an ISCC

    10.4 Additional considerations

    10.5 Advantages and limitations

    10.6 Past and future trends

    10.7 Conclusion

    10.8 Acknowledgment

    10.10 Appendix: abbreviations

    Chapter 11: Techno-economic analysis of combined cycle systems

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Techno-economic analysis (TEA) methodology

    11.3 Techno-economic analysis of pulverized coal-fired power plants with carbon capture

    11.4 Techno-economic analysis of natural gas-fired gas turbine combined cycle power plants with carbon capture

    11.5 Techno-economic analysis of coal-fired integrated gasification combined cycle power plants with carbon capture

    11.6 Advantages and limitations

    11.7 Summary

    11.8 Sources of further information

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 360
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: April 12, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857090133
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096180

About the Editor

Ashok Rao

Ashok Rao is Chief Scientist for Power Systems at the Advanced Power and Energy Program, University of California. He has an international reputation for his research into combined cycle technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of California, USA