Colour Design

Colour Design

Theories and Applications

1st Edition - June 6, 2012

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  • Editor: J Best
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081016480
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857095534

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Given its importance in analysing and influencing the world around us, an understanding of colour is a vital tool in any design process. Colour design provides a comprehensive review of the issues surrounding the use of colour, from the fundamental principles of what colour is to its important applications across a vast range of industries.Part one covers the main principles and theories of colour, focusing on the human visual system and the psychology of colour perception. Part two goes on to review colour measurement and description, including consideration of international standards, approval methods for textiles and lithographic printing, and colour communication issues. Forecasting colour trends and methods for design enhancement are then discussed in part three along with the history of colour theory, dyes and pigments, and an overview of dye and print techniques. Finally, part four considers the use of colour across a range of specific applications, from fashion, art and interiors, to food and website design.With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Colour design is an invaluable reference tool for all those researching or working with colour and design in any capacity.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive review of the issues surrounding the use of colour in textiles
  • Discusses the application of colour across a vast range of industries
  • Chapters cover the theories, measurement and description of colour, forecasting colour trends and methods for design enhancement


Designers, color technologists, color quality inspectors, product developers and anyone who uses color in their work; academics and students studying color and design

Table of Contents

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    Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles

    Part I: Colour and colour perception

    Chapter 1: What is colour?


    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Visible light

    1.3 Organising colours

    1.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 2: Variability in normal and defective colour vision: consequences for occupational environments


    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Vision information channels

    2.3 The concept of the luminous efficiency function

    2.4 Photoreceptor contrasts and the CIE (x,y) chromaticity chart

    2.5 Individual differences in colour vision

    2.6 Methods of assessing colour vision loss

    2.7 Anomaloscope variability in the parameters of the yellow match

    2.8 Colour assessment and diagnostics (CAD) test

    2.9 Colour in occupational environments

    2.10 Colour in healthcare

    2.11 Conclusions

    2.12 Sources of further information and advice

    2.13 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 3: Colour illusions and the human visual system


    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Illusions in the context of the human visual system

    3.3 From isolated colour to colour in context: some experiments

    3.4 Examples of the different groups of colour illusions

    3.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 4: Colour psychology: the emotional effects of colour perception


    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Colour preference: the longitudinal perspective 1970–2009

    4.3 Colour and psycho-physiological arousal

    4.4 Colour and subjective time estimation

    4.5 Colour and the subjective feeling of warmth

    4.6 Conclusions and further reading

    Chapter 5: Understanding colour perception and preference


    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 The origins and uses of colour vision

    5.3 Colour preference in humans

    5.4 Colour preference in animals

    5.5 Physiological effects of background and illumination colours: ‘warm’ vs ‘cool’ colours

    5.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 6: Predicting responses to colour


    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 A different approach

    6.3 The Wright Theory

    6.4 The process of colour specifying

    6.5 Conclusions

    Part II: Measuring and describing colour

    Chapter 7: International standards for colour


    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 CIE standard colorimetric observers

    7.3 CIE illuminants and sources

    7.4 Standards for measuring reflecting and transmitting materials

    7.5 Expressing colour in terms of chromaticity coordinates

    7.6 Other descriptors of chromaticity

    7.7 Colour difference evaluation

    7.8 Colour appearance

    7.9 Calibration, traceability and measurement uncertainty

    7.10 Future trends

    7.11 Conclusions

    7.12 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 8: Colour description and communication


    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Colour order systems

    8.3 Named colour systems

    8.4 Colour naming

    8.5 Instrumental measurement of colour

    8.6 Digital imaging systems

    8.7 Colour constancy

    8.8 Metamerism

    8.9 Colour standards

    8.10 Colour difference

    8.11 Computation of colour co-ordinates

    8.12 Derivation of the CIE 1931 standard observer

    8.13 Future trends

    8.14 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 9: Colour naming for colour communication


    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Mapping the terrain

    9.3 Previous colour naming studies

    9.4 Conducting a colour naming experiment over the internet

    9.5 An online colour naming model

    9.6 Colour naming selection guidelines

    9.7 Conclusions and future directions

    9.9 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 10: Colour specification and visual approval methods for textiles


    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Global colour supply chain

    10.3 Colour communication

    10.4 Colour specification

    10.5 Colour vision

    10.6 Tools for colour assessment

    10.7 Conclusions

    10.8 Acknowledgement

    10.9 Sources of further information

    Chapter 11: Colour management and approval methods in lithographic printing


    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Case study: typical procedures of a commercial print company

    11.3 International printing standards

    11.4 Colour management in practice

    11.5 Conclusions

    11.6 Sources of further information

    Part III: Colour, design and coloration

    Chapter 12: The history of colour theory in art, design and science


    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 The Reformation (c. 1520–c. 1550)

    12.3 The Counter-Reformation (c. 1550-c. 1610)

    12.4 Early Baroque (c. 1610–c. 1645)

    12.5 Baroque Classicism (c. 1645–c. 1715)

    12.6 High Baroque (c. 1715–c. 1770)

    12.7 Neo-Classicism (c. 1770–c. 1815)

    12.8 Romanticism (c. 1815–c. 1845)

    12.9 Victorian Classicism (c. 1845–c. 1885)

    12.10 Early Modernism (c. 1885–c. 1915)

    12.11 Modern Classicism (c. 1915–c. 1955)

    12.12 Late Modernism (c. 1955–c. 1985)

    Chapter 13: Enhancing design using color


    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Importance of context

    13.3 Color influence

    13.4 Color and depth perception

    13.5 Applying color to a surface

    13.6 Future trends

    13.7 Sources of further information

    Chapter 14: Understanding and forecasting colour trends in design


    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Colour trends

    14.3 Colour trend research

    14.4 The colour research process

    14.5 Colour forecasting

    14.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 15: Colour symmetry: the systematic coloration of patterns and tilings


    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Patterns and tilings: a historical perspective

    15.3 Principles of pattern geometry

    15.4 Colour symmetry

    15.5 Counterchange colouring

    15.6 Colour symmetry of higher orders

    15.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 16: The history of dyes and pigments: from natural dyes to high performance pigments


    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Cave paintings

    16.3 Dyes from ancient Egypt

    16.4 Pigments of ancient Egypt

    16.5 Greco–Roman dyes and pigments

    16.6 Medieval dyes and pigments

    16.7 Pigments of the industrial revolution

    16.8 Synthetic dyes

    16.9 Organic pigments

    16.10 Conclusions

    Chapter 17: Dye types and application methods


    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Dye selection

    17.3 Preparation of materials for dyeing

    17.4 Dyeing of cellulosic fibres

    17.5 Dyeing of protein fibres

    17.6 Dyeing of polyamide fibres

    17.7 Dyeing of polyester fibres

    17.8 Dyeing of acrylic fibres

    17.9 Fluorescent brightening agents

    17.10 Dyeing of fibre blends

    17.11 Dyeing machinery

    17.12 Conclusions

    Chapter 18: Colour printing techniques


    18.1 Hardcopy colour: analogue versus digital

    18.2 Colour theory in relation to printing

    18.3 An overview of halftoning and digital print technologies

    18.4 An overview and development of inks

    18.5 Inkjet papers and inks

    18.6 Recent and future trends in colour, printing inks and hardware

    18.9 Glossary

    Part IV: Colour and design in particular applications

    Chapter 19: Colour trends and selection in fashion design


    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Colour associations

    19.3 Key issues of colour in fashion design

    19.4 Case studies

    19.5 Conclusions

    19.6 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 20: Colour in interior design


    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 The role of an interior designer

    20.3 Colour psychology

    20.4 In the home: colour and its many moods

    20.5 Colour toolkit

    20.6 Factors that influence colour

    20.7 Colour in the public and commercial space

    20.8 Colour trends

    20.9 How cultural influences affect colour

    20.10 Conclusions

    20.11 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 21: Colour in food


    21.1 Introduction

    21.2 Colour, evolution and health

    21.3 Appearance

    21.4 Total appearance and expectations

    21.5 Assessment and measurement

    21.6 Halo effects, commercial exploitation and ethics

    21.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 22: Choosing effective colours for websites


    22.1 Introduction

    22.2 Choosing effective colours for websites

    22.3 HTML colours

    22.4 Colour harmony

    22.5 Users with special needs (disabled and colour-deficient users)

    22.6 Web content accessibility guidelines

    22.7 Conclusions

    22.8 Sources of further information

    Chapter 23: Evolution and colour change in works of art


    23.1 Introduction

    23.2 Art and Collectables

    23.3 Domestic display: commonsense preservation

    23.4 Sources of further information and advice


Product details

  • No. of pages: 672
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: June 6, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081016480
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857095534

About the Editor

J Best

Janet Best is internationally recognised as an expert in global textile colour management. Her work with inspirational designers and leading edge colour technology providers in fashion retail has developed the foundation for a vast international network of colour specialists including artists, designers, architects, colour chemists, scientists, psychologists and educators. Janet’s knowledge and passion for colour allows her to work seamlessly with a wide range of industries and professionals creating many successful entrepreneurial collaborations. Janet’s work is a clear demonstration that ‘colour has no boundaries’ and ‘every business is in the colour business’.

Affiliations and Expertise

Colour Management Consultant, UK

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