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Cognitive Sophistication and the Development of Judgment and Decision-Making reviews the existing literature on the development of reasoning, judgment and decision-making, with a primary focus on measures from the heuristics and biases tradition. The book presents a model based on cognitive sophistication to examine the development of judgment and decision-making, including age related differences in developmental samples, associations with intellectual abilities and executive functions, and associations with dispositional tendencies that support judgment and decision-making. Additional sections cover the empirical findings of a longitudinal study conducted over seven years that tie together the discussed aspects related to cognitive sophistication.
This book will provide a much-needed description of the theoretical and conceptual issues, a review of empirical findings, and an integrative summary of the implications for developmental models of reasoning, judgment and decision-making.
- Explores whether individual heuristics and biases are associated
- Reviews individual differences in cognitive abilities and thinking dispositions
- Examines reasoning from the lens of cognitive sophistication
- Discusses the implications for models, including dual process models
- Tests and elaborates using empirical findings from a longitudinal study
Researchers and students who work in neuroscience, cognitive science, psychology, philosophy, and linguistics
- Defining judgment and decision making in development
2. What do we know about the development of judgment and decision-making based on age differences?
3. What do we know about the development of judgment and decision-making based on individual differences in cognitive abilities?
4. What do we know about the development of judgment and decision-making based on individual differences in dispositional tendencies?
5. Is performance positively associated on judgment and decision-making tasks in developmental samples?
6. Is judgment and decision-making in developmental samples associated with real-world outcomes?
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 2021
- 1st October 2021
- Academic Press
- Paperback ISBN:
Dr. Toplak’s research spans cognitive science and clinical research. She studies cognitive science models of rational thinking and decision-making in typically developing samples and in developmental psychopathology. She has published over 50 peer-reviewed papers and book chapters across the fields of decision-making and clinical research, including two books: Individual Differences in Judgement and Decision-Making: A Developmental Perspective (Psychology Press, 2016) and The Rationality Quotient: Toward a Test of Rational Thinking (MIT Press, 2018), the latter of which won the 2017 PROSE Award in Education Theory.
Associate Professor, Clinical Developmental Program, Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
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