Coastal Flood Risk Reduction

Coastal Flood Risk Reduction

The Netherlands and the U.S. Upper Texas Coast

1st Edition - April 27, 2022

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  • Editors: Samuel Brody, Yoonjeong Lee, Baukje Kothuis
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323852524
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323852517

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Description

Coastal Flood Risk Reduction: The Netherlands and the U.S. Upper Texas Coast represents the culmination of a 5-year international research and education partnership funded by the US National Science Foundation (NSF) and more than 10 years of collaboration between Dutch and U.S. flood experts on the basic issue of how to protect society from growing flood risks. Multiple case studies integrating the fields of engineering, hydrology, landscape architecture, economics, and planning address the underlying characteristics of physical flood risks and their prediction; human communities and the associated built environment; physical, social, and built-environment variables; and mitigation techniques. In recognition of the lack of systematic research and the growing societal need to better understand flood impacts, this edited book provides an in-depth, comparative evaluation of flood problems and solutions in two key places: the Netherlands and the U.S. Upper Texas Coast. Both regions are extremely flood-prone and have experienced continual adverse impacts throughout their histories. For researchers in flood management, geographers, hydrologists, environmental studies, and social science as well as policymakers and decision-makers in flood management authorities and related industries, this book provides an essential resource.

Key Features

  • Introduces integrated comparative work on flood risk reduction and management across disciplines and international boundaries
  • Presents chapters written by dozens of experts across six U.S. and Dutch universities that have formally participated in the international research and education program funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • Provides a basis for understanding and mitigating flood risk over a range of necessary perspectives, from modeling inputs to design solutions
  • Integrates cutting-edge scientific methods and state-of-the-art knowledge with examples of specific solutions and how they are being implemented in each national case study

Readership

Researchers in flood management, geographers, hydrologists, environmental studies, social science. Graduate and post graduate students either learning about or researching the topic of flooding and flood mitigation. Policy makers and decision-makers in flood management authorities and related industry. The book will provide a supplementary text for students taking classes in civil/environmental/ocean/coastal engineering, planning, landscape architecture, geography, public policy, applied predictive modelling, etc.

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Chapter 1: Introduction to the Coastal Flood Risk Reduction Program
  • Abstract
  • Chapter 2: Mixing tulips with tacos: Flood prevention practices and policies—A comparison of north Texas coastal communities and the Netherlands
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Dutch and American approaches to flood risk reduction
  • History and evolution of Dutch and US flood policy
  • Brief review of present flood defenses on the Dutch central coast and the upper Texas coast
  • Using Dutch principles to protect the Galveston Bay region
  • Proposed Texas plan
  • Future collaboration between Dutch and Texas researchers
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Section I: Predicting the floods: Environmental/physical underpinnings
  • Chapter 3: Storm surge modeling in the Gulf of Mexico and Houston-Galveston regions
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • Likelihood of extreme water levels
  • Storm surge generation in the northwestern Gulf
  • State of engineering practice—Modeling hurricane storm surge
  • Different applications of storm surge models
  • Relevance of JSU (2018) research to flood risk
  • Comparison with the Netherlands situation
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 4: Modeling the movement of water and sediment in coastal environments
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Combining coastal hydrodynamics, sediment transport, and morphodynamics
  • Utilizing sediment (transport) to mitigate flooding
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 5: Urban flood modeling: Perspectives, challenges, and opportunities
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Pluvial flooding as a critical area of research
  • Modeling flood hazards in urban areas
  • Modeling the risks associated with urban flooding
  • Key research priorities
  • Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 6: Using machine learning to predict flood hazards based on historic damage
  • Abstract
  • The need for alternative flood hazard models and visualizations
  • Establishing a machine learning workflow for flood hazard estimation
  • A potential application for the Netherlands
  • Summary and conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 7: Compound flooding
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Modeling coastal flood hazards using numerical and statistical approaches
  • Managing coastal flood hazards
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Section II: Paying the price: Socioeconomic and political underpinnings of flood risk
  • Chapter 8: Cost-benefit analysis of a proposed coastal infrastructure for reducing storm surge-induced impact in the Upper Texas Coast
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Modeling approach
  • Dutch approach to coastal infrastructure BCA and lessons for the United States
  • References
  • Chapter 9: The role of insurance in facilitating economic recovery from floods
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • The US NFIP as the basis for household economic recovery
  • Record of historical loss through the NFIP
  • Beyond the NFIP: Emergence of private insurance markets
  • Flood risk reduction in the Netherlands: A counter approach
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 10: Behavioral insights into the causes of underinsurance against flood risks: Experimental evidence from the Netherlands
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Insufficient demand for flood insurance
  • Results
  • Policy recommendations
  • References
  • Chapter 11: Assessing economic risk, safety standards, and decision-making
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Risk approaches
  • Economic optimization
  • Safety standards
  • Examples
  • Comparison and discussion
  • Concluding remarks
  • References
  • Section III: Place-based design and the built environment
  • Chapter 12: Infrastructure impacts and vulnerability to coastal flood events
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • International case studies of coastal flood impacts on infrastructure
  • Envisioning the future of coastal infrastructure design and management
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 13: Understanding the impacts of the built environment on flood loss
  • Abstract
  • Putting more people in harm’s way
  • Spread of impervious surfaces
  • Built environment as obstacles
  • Inadequate and aging infrastructure
  • Looking to the Dutch for solutions
  • Summary and conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 14: Plan evaluation for flood-resilient communities: The plan integration for resilience scorecard
  • Abstract
  • Transatlantic application
  • Feijenoord, Rotterdam
  • Nijmegen
  • De Staart neighborhood, Dordrecht
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 15: Dreaming about Houston and Rotterdam beyond oil and ship channels
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Building the dream of the modern industrial urban landscape
  • Cracks and fractures in the dream
  • Creating new perspectives: The ship channel as a leverage
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 16: A new nature-based approach for floodproofing the Metropolitan Region Amsterdam
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Conclusions
  • Reflection of applicability in the Houston context
  • References
  • Chapter 17: Green infrastructure-based design in Texas coastal communities
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • The shift toward green infrastructure for flood mitigation in coastal Texas
  • LID and GI as flood mitigation tools
  • Planning and design promoting GI
  • Application project of GI in a community design along the Texas coast
  • Moving forward
  • References
  • Chapter 18: Integrated urban flood design in the United States and the Netherlands
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Spatial design approach
  • The spatial design potentials of the risk approach
  • Case study: Vlissingen (Flushing)
  • Case study: Galveston
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Section IV: Resilient solutions for flood risk reduction— Convergence of knowledge
  • Chapter 19: Flood risk reduction for Galveston Bay: Preliminary design of a coastal barrier system
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Setting the scene: Risk-based evaluation of strategies
  • Preliminary design of a coastal spine system
  • Closing discussion
  • References
  • Chapter 20: Design, maintain and operate movable storm surge barriers for flood risk reduction
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Movable storm surge barriers
  • Specific characteristics and their implications
  • How reasoned design could enable more efficient MMO: Three cases
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 21: Designing and implementing coastal dunes for flood risk reduction
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Natural dunes
  • Dunes and storm impacts
  • Engineered dunes
  • Implementation of engineered dunes in Texas and the Netherlands
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 22: A proactive approach for the acquisition of flood-prone properties in advance of flood events
  • Abstract
  • Property acquisition for flood resiliency in the United States
  • Contextual differences between buyouts in the United States and the Netherlands
  • A model for prioritizing ecological gains for property acquisition in the United States
  • Discussions and conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 23: Wetlands as an ecological function for flood reduction
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Early comparative research
  • Simulation-based research
  • Observational research
  • Recent advances in identifying the type and shape of wetlands in reducing flood loss
  • Comparing the Dutch experience
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 24: Designing and building flood proof houses
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Flood proof housing types
  • Conclusions
  • Reflection
  • References
  • Chapter 25: Risk communication tools: Bridging the gap between knowledge and action for flood risk reduction
  • Abstract
  • The role of risk perception
  • Tools that enhance communication of risk
  • Examples of data-driven web communication tools
  • Conclusion: Challenges and opportunities
  • References
  • Section V: Immersive place-based learning through convergence approach
  • Chapter 26: How to design a successful international integrative research and education program
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Background theories and concepts of the program design
  • Program design incorporating convergence
  • Lessons learned
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 27: Measuring the educational effects of problem- and place-based research education programs: The student survey
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Transformative and authentic learning and education
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • Appendix: Scoring Rubric for NSF PIRE CFRRP Student Survey
  • References
  • Chapter 28: A specific transdisciplinary co-design workshop model to teach a multiple perspective problem approach for integrated nature-based design
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • Introduction
  • Theoretical background
  • Method
  • Results
  • Learning outcomes
  • Concluding remarks
  • References
  • Chapter 29: Flood risk assessment of storage tanks in the Port of Rotterdam
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • AST inventory analysis
  • Storm surge hazard data
  • Vulnerability analysis
  • Dutch flood risk management philosophy
  • Impact of PIRE program
  • Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 30: Experiences on place-based learning and research outcomes from the perspective of a student
  • Abstract
  • Background
  • Introduction
  • Program methodology
  • Case study research and results
  • NSF PIRE and beyond
  • References
  • Chapter 31: Conclusions
  • Abstract
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 448
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: April 27, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323852524
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323852517

About the Editors

Samuel Brody

Samuel Brody
Dr. Brody is a Director, Institute for a Disaster Resilient Texas, and Professor, Department of Marine and Coastal Environmental Science, Texas A&M University, Galveston Campus, Galveston, Texas, USA. He is an adjunct professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Rice University. He was also the Lead Technical Expert for the Governor’s Commission to Rebuild Texas in response to Hurricane Harvey. Dr. Brody’s research focuses on coastal environmental planning, spatial analysis, flood mitigation, climate change policy, and natural hazards mitigation. He has published numerous scientific articles on flood risk and mitigation, and the book, Rising Waters: The causes and consequences of flooding in the United States. He is the PI of the NSF PIRE Coastal Flood Risk Reduction Program.

Affiliations and Expertise

Director, Institute for a Disaster Resilient Texas, and Professor, Department of Marine and Coastal Environmental Science, Texas A&M University, Galveston Campus, Galveston, Texas, USA

Yoonjeong Lee

Yoonjeong Lee
Associate Research Scientist, Institute for a Disaster Resilient Texas, and Lecturer, Department of Marine and Coastal Environmental Science, Texas A&M University, Galveston Campus, Galveston, Texas, USA. She is the Education Program Director of the NSF PIRE Coastal Flood Risk Reduction Program. She holds a PhD in Urban and Regional Sciences from Texas A&M University. Her research focuses on urban flooding, flood risk reduction and mitigation strategies, urban resiliency, and transformative and authentic learning in education. She teaches graduate courses in sustainable coastal management and resiliency, international flood risk mitigation strategies, environmental planning and urban resiliency.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Research Scientist, Institute for a Disaster Resilient Texas, and Lecturer, Department of Marine and Coastal Environmental Science, Texas A&M University, Galveston Campus, Galveston, Texas, USA

Baukje Kothuis

Baukje Kothuis
Dr. Kothuis is a Research Associate, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Hydraulic Structures and Flood Risk, TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands and Chief Representative, Netherlands Business Support Office, Houston, Texas, USA. Her research focuses on multi-functional flood defenses, transdisciplinary knowledge integration, and stakeholder inclusive design of structures and strategies for flood resilience. She manages multidisciplinary research projects on delta design and is coordinator for the Houston Galveston Bay case for TU Delft. She is editor of the publications ‘Delft Delta Design – Houston Galveston Bay Region, Texas, USA’; ‘Sustainable and Integrated Design of Multifunctional Flood Defenses’; and ‘Delta Interventions’.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Associate, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Hydraulic Structures and Flood Risk, TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands and Chief Representative, Netherlands Business Support Office, Houston, Texas, USA

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