Coal Gasification and Its Applications

Coal Gasification and Its Applications

1st Edition - November 30, 2010

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  • Authors: David Bell, Brian Towler, Maohong Fan
  • eBook ISBN: 9781437778519
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323281881

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Description

Skyrocketing energy costs have spurred renewed interest in coal gasification. Currently available information on this subject needs to be updated, however, and focused on specific coals and end products. For example, carbon capture and sequestration, previously given little attention, now has a prominent role in coal conversion processes.This book approaches coal gasification and related technologies from a process engineering point of view, with topics chosen to aid the process engineer who is interested in a complete, coal-to-products system. It provides a perspective for engineers and scientists who analyze and improve components of coal conversion processes.The first topic describes the nature and availability of coal. Next, the fundamentals of gasification are described, followed by a description of gasification technologies and gas cleaning processes. The conversion of syngas to electricity, fuels and chemicals is then discussed. Finally, process economics are covered. Emphasis is given to the selection of gasification technology based on the type of coal fed to the gasifier and desired end product: E.g., lower temperature gasifiers produce substantial quantities of methane, which is undesirable in an ammonia synthesis feed. This book also reviews gasification kinetics which is informed by recent papers and process design studies by the US Department of Energy and other groups, and also largely ignored by other gasification books.• Approaches coal gasification and related technologies from a process engineering point of view, providing a perspective for engineers and scientists who analyze and improve components of coal conversion processes • Describes the fundamentals of gasification, gasification technologies, and gas cleaning processes • Emphasizes the importance of the coal types fed to the gasifier and desired end products • Covers gasification kinetics, which was largely ignored by other gasification books

Key Features

  • Provides a perspective for engineers and scientists who analyze and improve components of the coal conversion processes
  • Describes the fundamentals of gasification, gasification technologies, and gas cleaning processes
  • Covers gasification kinetics, which was largely ignored by other gasification books

Readership

Process engineers; university faculty and graduate students; corporations who are either providers of gasification or gasification users

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1, The Nature of Coal
    Geologic origin of coal
    Coal analysis and classification
    Coal as a porous material
    Spontaneous combustion
    Reserves, Resources and Production
    Chapter 2, Non-gasification Coal Use
    Power production from pulverized coal plants.
    Supercritical and ultrasupercritical power production.
    Emissions
    Carbon capture from pulverized coal plants
    Amine absorption
    Oxycombustion
    Membranes, adsorbents and other techniques
    Pyrolysis
    Chapter 3, Gasification Fundamentals
    Reactions
    Thermodynamics
    Kinetics
    Gasification catalysts
    Slagging
    Chapter 4, Gasifiers
    Moving bed
    Lurgi
    BGL
    Fluidized bed
    Winkler
    HTW
    Transport Reactor
    ABB
    KRW
    U-Gas
    Carbon dioxide acceptor
    Co-Gas
    Hydrane
    Hygas
    UW
    Entrained Flow
    GE
    Conoco E-Gas
    Shell
    Siemens
    Koppers Totzek
    Other types
    Achemix
    Chapter 5. In-situ Gasification
    Chapter 6, Gas Cleaning
    Fly ash removal
    Hydrocyclones
    Candle filters
    Acid gas removal
    COS conversion
    Rectisol
    Selexol
    Amine absorption
    Solid adsorbents
    Conversion of hydrogen sulfide to sulfur
    Mercury and halides
    Chapter 7, Water-gas shift
    High temperature shift
    Sour gas shift
    Low temperature shift
    Chapter 8, IGCC
    A related power plant: NGCC
    Without carbon capture
    With carbon capture
    Water-gas shift approach
    Oxycombustion approach
    Chapter 9, Syngas to Chemicals
    Ammonia
    Methanol
    Methanol to Olefins
    Chapter 10, Syngas to Fuels
    SNG
    Methanol to gasoline
    Fischer-Tropsch synthesis
    Refining Fischer-Tropsch fluids
    Chapter 11, Carbon Sequestration
    EOR
    Enhanced coal bed methane
    Saline aquifers
    Chapter 12, Economics

Product details

  • No. of pages: 416
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2010
  • Published: November 30, 2010
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • eBook ISBN: 9781437778519
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323281881

About the Authors

David Bell

Brian Towler

Brian Towler
Chair of Petroleum Engineering, The University of Queensland

University of Wyoming

Chair of Dept, 2004 - 2008

Editor-in-Chief International Journal of Petroleum Engineering, 2009

Associate Editor and Board member of Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 2007-present.

Affiliations and Expertise

Chair of Petroleum Engineering, The University of Queensland, Australia

Maohong Fan

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, USA

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  • Peter T. Thu Apr 05 2018

    Coal Gasification and its Applications

    Book was well written and covers coal gasification in depth. The book tries to cover the applications, but there only scratches the surface.