Description

Skyrocketing energy costs have spurred renewed interest in coal gasification. Currently available information on this subject needs to be updated, however, and focused on specific coals and end products. For example, carbon capture and sequestration, previously given little attention, now has a prominent role in coal conversion processes. This book approaches coal gasification and related technologies from a process engineering point of view, with topics chosen to aid the process engineer who is interested in a complete, coal-to-products system. It provides a perspective for engineers and scientists who analyze and improve components of coal conversion processes. The first topic describes the nature and availability of coal. Next, the fundamentals of gasification are described, followed by a description of gasification technologies and gas cleaning processes. The conversion of syngas to electricity, fuels and chemicals is then discussed. Finally, process economics are covered. Emphasis is given to the selection of gasification technology based on the type of coal fed to the gasifier and desired end product: E.g., lower temperature gasifiers produce substantial quantities of methane, which is undesirable in an ammonia synthesis feed. This book also reviews gasification kinetics which is informed by recent papers and process design studies by the US Department of Energy and other groups, and also largely ignored by other gasification books. Approaches coal gasification and related technologies from a process engineering point of view, providing a perspective for engineers and scientists who analyze and improve components of coal conversion processes Describes the fundamentals of gasification, gasification technologies, and gas cleaning processes Emphasizes the importance of the coal types fed to the gasifier and desired end products Covers

Key Features

  • Provides a perspective for engineers and scientists who analyze and improve components of the coal conversion processes
  • Describes the fundamentals of gasification, gasification technologies, and gas cleaning processes
  • Covers gasification kinetics, which was largely ignored by other gasification books

Readership

Process engineers; university faculty and graduate students; corporations who are either providers of gasification or gasification users

Table of Contents

Chapter 1, The Nature of Coal Geologic origin of coal Coal analysis and classification Coal as a porous material Spontaneous combustion Reserves, Resources and Production Chapter 2, Non-gasification Coal Use Power production from pulverized coal plants. Supercritical and ultrasupercritical power production. Emissions Carbon capture from pulverized coal plants Amine absorption Oxycombustion Membranes, adsorbents and other techniques Pyrolysis Chapter 3, Gasification Fundamentals Reactions Thermodynamics Kinetics Gasification catalysts Slagging Chapter 4, Gasifiers Moving bed Lurgi BGL Fluidized bed Winkler HTW Transport Reactor ABB KRW U-Gas Carbon dioxide acceptor Co-Gas Hydrane Hygas UW Entrained Flow GE Conoco E-Gas Shell Siemens Koppers Totzek Other types Achemix Chapter 5. In-situ Gasification Chapter 6, Gas Cleaning Fly ash removal Hydrocyclones Candle filters Acid gas removal COS conversion Rectisol Selexol Amine absorption Solid adsorbents

Details

No. of pages:
416
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2010
Published:
Imprint:
William Andrew
Print ISBN:
9780815520498
Electronic ISBN:
9781437778519

About the authors

Brian Towler

Chair of Petroleum Engineering, The University of Queensland University of Wyoming Chair of Dept, 2004 – 2008 Editor-in-Chief International Journal of Petroleum Engineering, 2009 Associate Editor and Board member of Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 2007-present.