Cloud Data Centers and Cost Modeling - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128014134, 9780128016886

Cloud Data Centers and Cost Modeling

1st Edition

A Complete Guide To Planning, Designing and Building a Cloud Data Center

Authors: Caesar Wu Rajkumar Buyya
eBook ISBN: 9780128016886
Paperback ISBN: 9780128014134
Imprint: Morgan Kaufmann
Published Date: 2nd March 2015
Page Count: 848
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Cloud Data Centers and Cost Modeling establishes a framework for strategic decision-makers to facilitate the development of cloud data centers. Just as building a house requires a clear understanding of the blueprints, architecture, and costs of the project; building a cloud-based data center requires similar knowledge. The authors take a theoretical and practical approach, starting with the key questions to help uncover needs and clarify project scope. They then demonstrate probability tools to test and support decisions, and provide processes that resolve key issues. After laying a foundation of cloud concepts and definitions, the book addresses data center creation, infrastructure development, cost modeling, and simulations in decision-making, each part building on the previous. In this way the authors bridge technology, management, and infrastructure as a service, in one complete guide to data centers that facilitates educated decision making.

Key Features

  • Explains how to balance cloud computing functionality with data center efficiency
  • Covers key requirements for power management, cooling, server planning, virtualization, and storage management
  • Describes advanced methods for modeling cloud computing cost including Real Option Theory and Monte Carlo Simulations
  • Blends theoretical and practical discussions with insights for developers, consultants, and analysts considering data center development


Systems analysts or operations professionals seeking guidance on the design and management of cloud data centers

Table of Contents

  • Preface
    • Organisation of the Book
  • Acknowledgments
  • Part I: Cloud Computing Foundations and Business Requirements
    • Part I. Cloud Computing Foundations and Business Requirements
    • Chapter 1. Cloud Computing
      • 1.1 Introduction
      • 1.2 Cloud Computing at a Glance
      • 1.3 Right Approach to Definition
      • 1.4 A Brief History of Cloud Computing Definitions
      • 1.5 Parallel Computing
      • 1.6 Distributed Computing
      • 1.7 Grid Computing
      • 1.8 Utility Computing
      • 1.9 Cloud Computing
      • 1.10 Summary
      • 1.11 Review Questions
    • Chapter 2. Business Needs
      • 2.1 Introduction
      • 2.2 Project Contents and Processes
      • 2.3 Allocate the Right People for the Right Job
      • 2.4 Business Analyst Role
      • 2.5 Defining Business
      • 2.6 Business Variables
      • 2.7 Classification of Business Requirements
      • 2.8 E2E Process of Business Problem Solving
      • 2.9 Managing Expectations
      • 2.10 Summary
      • 2.11 Review Questions
    • Chapter 3. Identifying Business Problems: A Case Study
      • 3.1 Case Information Briefing
      • 3.2 Define the Problems
      • 3.3 Requirements
      • 3.4 Solution
      • 3.5 Summary
      • 3.6 Review Questions
  • Part II: Data Center Facilities and Cost
    • Part II. Data Center Facilities and Cost
    • Chapter 4. Data Center Facilities
      • 4.1 Basic Understanding of a Data Center
      • 4.2 Data Center Capacity Planning
      • 4.3 Data Center Space
      • 4.4 How to Estimate Cost of Space
      • 4.5 Summary
      • 4.6 Review Questions
    • Chapter 5. Data Center Power
      • 5.1 Introduction
      • 5.2 Fundamentals of Power
      • 5.3 Power Panel (Circuit Breaker)
      • 5.4 Transfer Switches and Generators
      • 5.5 Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS)
      • 5.6 How to Select UPS Topologies
      • 5.7 UPS Batteries
      • 5.8 Summary
      • 5.9 Review Questions
    • Chapter 6. Power Distribution Unit and Cabling
      • 6.1 Introduction
      • 6.2 Rack Power Distribution Unit and Redundancy
      • 6.3 Power Feed to 42RU Rack
      • 6.4 Data Center Power Cabling Installation
      • 6.5 Power Cable Layout Architectures
      • 6.6 Data Center Power Calculation
      • 6.7 Strategies for Power Saving
      • 6.8 Summary
      • 6.9 Review Questions
    • Chapter 7. Data Center Cooling
      • 7.1 Introduction
      • 7.2 Understanding Cooling, Comfort, and Precision Cooling
      • 7.3 Temperature, Pressure, and Volume
      • 7.4 Data Center Cooling Components
      • 7.5 Data Center Cooling Control
      • 7.6 Summary
      • 7.7 Review Questions
    • Chapter 8. Effective Air Distribution in Data Centers
      • 8.1 Introduction
      • 8.2 Methods of Air Distribution
      • 8.3 Guidelines for Air Distribution Methods
      • 8.4 Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Analysis
      • 8.5 Data Center Cooling Calculations
      • 8.6 Managing and Optimizing Cooling Systems
      • 8.7 Summary
      • 8.8 Review Questions
    • Chapter 9. Cooling Strategy
      • 9.1 Cooling Control for Wiring Closets
      • 9.2 Room-Based Cooling
      • 9.3 Row-Based Cooling
      • 9.4 Rack-Based Cooling
      • 9.5 Comparison of Room-, Row-, and Rack-Based Cooling
      • 9.6 Rack Rear Door–Based Cooling Strategy
      • 9.7 Raising the Data Center Temperature
      • 9.8 Free Cooling Using Economizers
      • 9.9 Summary
      • 9.10 Review Questions
    • Chapter 10. Fire Suppression and On-Site Security
      • 10.1 Introduction
      • 10.2 Issues with Traditional Fire Suppression Systems
      • 10.3 Fire Classification and Standards
      • 10.4 Fire Suppression Solution Selection
      • 10.5 Inert Gases, Halocarbons, and Aerosol
      • 10.6 Fire Suppression System Cost for Data Centers
      • 10.7 Summary of Fire Suppression Selection
      • 10.8 On-Site or Physical Security
      • 10.9 Physical Layers
      • 10.10 Organizational Layer
      • 10.11 Establishing Physical Security
      • 10.12 Summary
      • 10.13 Review Questions
  • Part III: Cloud Infrastructure and Management
    • Part III. Cloud Infrastructure and Management
    • Chapter 11. Cloud Infrastructure Servers: CISC, RISC, Rack-Mounted, and Blade Servers
      • 11.1 Cloud Servers
      • 11.2 x86 Server
      • 11.3 Rack-Mounted Servers and Vendors
      • 11.4 Blade Servers
      • 11.5 RISC Server
      • 11.6 Oracle/Sun SPARC Servers
      • 11.7 Summary
      • 11.8 Review Questions
    • Chapter 12. Cloud Storage Basics
      • 12.1 Storage Hierarchy
      • 12.2 Solid State Disk or Flash SSD
      • 12.3 Storage Topologies and Connections
      • 12.4 Storage Protocols
      • 12.5 Pros and Cons for Different Storage Topologies
      • 12.6 Traditional Storage vs. Cloud Storage
      • 12.7 Major Storage Vendors and Market Trends
      • 12.8 Summary
      • 12.9 Review Questions
    • Chapter 13. Data Center Networks
      • 13.1 Key Network Terms and Components
      • 13.2 Data Center Network Terms and Jargon
      • 13.3 Metrics of DCN Topology
      • 13.4 Types of Network Topology
      • 13.5 Characteristics of Cloud Data Center Network
      • 13.6 Cloud DCN Summary
      • 13.7 Review Questions
  • Part IV: Cloud Computing Cost Models and Framework
    • Part IV. Cloud Computing Cost Models and Framework
    • Chapter 14. Cost Modeling: Terms and Definitions
      • 14.1 Concept of Cost Model
      • 14.2 Purposes of Cost Modeling for Cloud Computing
      • 14.3 Challenges of Cloud Cost Modeling
      • 14.4 Summary
      • 14.5 Review Questions
    • Chapter 15. Cost Model Categories
      • 15.1 Review of Cost Models
      • 15.2 Cloud Computing Issues, Impacts, the Right Questions for the Cost Model
      • 15.3 Cost Models over the Last 50 Years
      • 15.4 Common Financial Cost Models
      • 15.5 Summary
      • 15.6 Review Questions
    • Chapter 16. Chargeback
      • 16.1 Introduction to Chargebacks
      • 16.2 No IT Cost Allocation
      • 16.3 Non-IT-Based Cost Allocation
      • 16.4 IT Domain–Based Cost Allocation
      • 16.5 Fee-Based Cost Allocation
      • 16.6 Business-Based Cost Allocation
      • 16.7 Summary
      • 16.8 Review Questions
  • Part V: Cloud Strategy and Critical Decision Making
    • Part V. Cloud Strategy and Critical Decision Making
    • Chapter 17. Cost Model Calculation
      • 17.1 Case Study
      • 17.2 Calculation Steps and Results
      • 17.3 Conclusion of Case Study
      • 17.4 Summary
      • 17.5 Review Questions
    • Chapter 18. Real Option Theory and Monte Carlo Simulation
      • 18.1 Overview of Real Option Theory
      • 18.2 History of Real Options
      • 18.3 What are Real Options?
      • 18.4 Possible Real Options
      • 18.5 Real Options versus Financial Options
      • 18.6 Real Options versus Traditional Approaches
      • 18.7 What is Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS)?
      • 18.8 Random Numbers and Brownian Motion
      • 18.9 MCS and ROT Process
      • 18.10 Summary of MCS and ROT Concepts
      • 18.11 MCS Analysis Process Details
      • 18.12 Real Option Theory Analysis Process Details
      • 18.13 Real Option Theory Process Equations
      • 18.14 Summary
      • 18.15 Review Questions
  • Appendices
    • Appendix A Catalogue of Major IT Project Catastrophe
    • Appendix B An Example of BRD Template
    • Appendix C Global Data Center Map (100 Countries and 3236 Data Centers for Colocation in 2014 Based on
    • Appendix D Comparison of Different Cost Models
    • Appendix E Nineteen Free Cloud Storage Options (2013 Data)
    • Appendix F List of Different Cost Model Analysis
    • Appendix G Server Products Provided by Major Server Different Vendors
    • Appendix H TIA-942 Telecommunication Infrastructure Standard for Data Center Tier
  • References
  • Index


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© Morgan Kaufmann 2015
Morgan Kaufmann
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About the Author

Caesar Wu

Caesar Wu is a Senior Domain Specialist on Cloud Computing and Data Centers at Telstra, as well as a Principle Research Fellow, at The University of Melbourne, Australia. He has over 18 years’ of experience in ICT architecture, solution design, services delivery and operation management, IT data center lifecycle and transformation. For the past five years he has been responsible for cost modeling of all Telstra cloud computing projects, for both enterprise and government clients, and designed and managed eight data centers in Australia. In 2012, Wu supervised three University of Melbourne PhD students in cloud computing strategic investment decision making.

Affiliations and Expertise

Principle Research Fellow, University of Melbourne, Australia, and Senior Domain Specialist, Telstra

Rajkumar Buyya

Dr. Rajkumar Buyya is a Fellow of IEEE, Professor of Computer Science and Software Engineering, Future Fellow of the Australian Research Council, and Director of the Cloud Computing and Distributed Systems (CLOUDS) Laboratory at the University of Melbourne, Australia. He is also serving as the founding CEO of Manjrasoft, a spin-off company of the University, commercializing its innovations in Cloud Computing. He has authored over 500 publications and four text books including "Mastering Cloud Computing" published by McGraw Hill, China Machine Press, and Elsevier/Morgan Kaufmann for Indian, Chinese and international markets respectively. He is one of the highly cited authors in computer science and software engineering worldwide. "A Scientometric Analysis of Cloud Computing Literature" by German scientists ranked Dr. Buyya as the World's Top-Cited (#1) Author and the World's Most-Productive (#1) Author in Cloud Computing. Software technologies for Grid and Cloud computing developed under Dr. Buyya's leadership have gained rapid acceptance and are in use at several academic institutions and commercial enterprises in 40 countries around the world. Dr. Buyya has led the establishment and development of key community activities, including serving as foundation Chair of the IEEE Technical Committee on Scalable Computing and five IEEE/ACM conferences. These contributions and international research leadership of Dr. Buyya are recognized through the award of "2009 IEEE TCSC Medal for Excellence in Scalable Computing" from the IEEE Computer Society TCSC. Manjrasoft's Aneka Cloud technology developed under his leadership has received "2010 Frost & Sullivan New Product Innovation Award" and recently Manjrasoft has been recognised as one of the Top 20 Cloud Computing companies by the Silicon Review Magazine. He served as the foundation Editor-in-Chief of IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing. He is currently serving as Co-Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Software: Practice and Experience, which was established 40+ years ago. For further information on Dr.Buyya, please visit his cyberhome:

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Computer Science, University of Melbourne, Australia, and founding CEO, Manjrasoft Pty Ltd.


"...a complete guide...for addressing practical planning and the design of cloud computing initiatives, with a special focus on cost...interesting to a wide range of IT professionals involved in cloud computing, business analysts, and students, of both financial engineering and computer engineering specialties. "--Computing Reviews

"For those looking for a reference to guide them through every aspect of a cloud data center design, Cloud Data Centers and Cost Modeling is without a doubt the best reference available."